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BIO 1144 Notes 1/12

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by: Rocket

BIO 1144 Notes 1/12 BIO 1144

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First Day of Class notes cover taxonomy, systematics, and starting to look into the kingdoms Next notes for 1/14 are to be posted in a few hours, I will link page when uploaded 1/14 Notes: https...
Thomas Holder
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rocket on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 1144 at Mississippi State University taught by Thomas Holder in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views.


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Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class

-Quinn Anderson


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Date Created: 01/17/16
Bio II Notes Thomas Holder  1/12  Taxonomy and Systematics Ch. 26  ­Study of classifying and grouping organisms   ­Con: We classify according to physical appearance, what we can visually see    +Classified by hierarchical groups   ­Each group level is called aTaxon  ­Dates back to 1753, Cornelius Linnaeus named plants and animals by what appeared to be  similar  ➢ He proposed the ​ Binomial System of Nomenclature​ , the 2­worded scientific names  ­ Ex. Homo Sapiens ​ = “Wise Humans”  ­ This system was “artificial”, only humans used the system for communication of species    +Developed 5 Kingdom Concept  ­Monera ~ Prokaryotic Cells (those lacking nuclei and organelles)  ­Protista    _  ­Fungi          _     Eukaryotic  ­Plantae        _            Cells     (contain nucleus and organelles)   ­Animalia  _    +Taxon Hierarchy => Grey Wolf      ­Kingdom Animalia       ­Phylum Chordata         ­Class Mammalia           ­Order Carnivora              ­Family Canidae                 ­G​nanis  (noun)  Wolf                    ­S​eupus  (adjective)  Grey  +Systematics  ­Study of biodiversity in evolution relationships  ­Gives the bases for similar 2 species are to each other  ­Takes into account genetics + morphology during comparison      +Phylogenetic Trees   The closer a branch     or arm is the higher %    of genetic similarity        Prokaryotic + Eukaryotic Diversity Ch.27  +Kingdom Monera  2 Domains  =>  Archaea and Bacteria   ➔ Prokaryotic Cells   ➔ Lack Nucleus/ Organelles/ Sexual Reproduction  ➔ Most abundant in the world  ➔ Fossils apprx. 3.5 billion years old, thought to be ancestors to eukaryotes    ❖ Archaea          ­Ancient Group          ­Contained “almost” nucleus          ­Had an organelle similar as cytoplasma is to Eukaryotes          ­Specialized Membranes          ­Absolutely love harsh extreme environments    ★ Bacteria         ­Proteobacteria  “true bacteria”         +Cyanobacteria  “blue green”            ­Produce food by capturing sunlight            ­Transfer => N2    ● ALL Monera is difficult to determine in evolutionary relationships     +Eukaryotic Cells  ­True Nucleus   ­ “Compartments” = Cell Organelles/ Internal Membrane System                            +Kingdom Protista Ch.28  ­Earliest Eukaryotes   ­Most: Microscopic/ Live in Moist Environment    +DNA ­wise there are many separate groups “Catch All Kingdom”  ❏ Algae = “plant like”          ­10 groups          ­Autotrophs = self feeding usually via photosynthesis          ­Some “ingest” food          ­Unicellular  ­­­­­­­­­>  Multicellular (Giant Kelps)    ➢ Protozoans  ­ “Animal Like”  ­ Heterotrophic  =  “ingest feeding”  ­ Unicellular  ­­­­­­­­­­> Multicellular    ❏ Fungal Like Protists  ­ “Fungi Like”  ­ Saprotrophic = absorb feeding  ­ Multicellular                                       


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