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History 103 study guide exam 2

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by: Myia hunter

History 103 study guide exam 2 History 103-016

Myia hunter

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these notes cover what will be on exam 2.
American civilization to 1865
Dr. Jenny Shaw
Study Guide
50 ?




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1 review
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"No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!"
Ms. Cedrick Pollich

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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Myia hunter on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to History 103-016 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Jenny Shaw in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see American civilization to 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 01/19/16
History study guide People  George Whitefield­ he is known as the first celebrity. People would travel hundreds of  miles and days just to come here him preach. He had a hell,brimstone, and fire type  message when he preached. Atleast all the colonies had seen him preach once.  Thomas Paine­writes common sense articles  John Locke­He built a connection between social institutions, political, institutions, and  property, (life liberty property) , Locke challenged the system of fixed wealth in society.  He says money has no inside value.  Jane Franklin­ Benjamin franklins sister  Benjamin Franklin­ belived that improvement of human life was based on scientific  improvement in every human institution authority and tradition should be judged on  reason. He encouraged the use of vaccinations and was aginist slavery and debtors  prisons. He also believed in deists that God had created the world and laid back and let it  do its on thing.  Adam Smith­ he was into consumerism and thought indiviuals had the right to buy  whatever made them happy. He criticized mercantilism He thought humans were better  when they are free under government. Wrote wealth of nations which opposed  mercantilism and defends free market and labor.  Thomas Jefferson­opposed Haitian rebellion but supported the French revolution was  very contradicting. Wrote all men were created equal but owned slaves ignored slaves  natural rights but was an man of the enlightenment.  Elizabeth Freeman­ Slave of Ashley family. Went to court to sue for her freedom and  won used language from massacheutts constitution.was upheld by the supreme court.  Benjamin Banneker­ Astronmer and mathematics and created almanacs sent Jefferson an  almanc asking for equality and challenged blacks inferiority. Jefferson didn’t think he  was capable of this because he was black.  Absolom Jones and Richard Allen­ founded first black Methodist in Philediplia churches  had 2000 members.helped protest against segregation by founding first black episcopal  churches and black schools and organization followed.  Eli Whitney­ created the cotton Gin.  John Wesley­ founder of the metodist church  Paul revere­ makes colonist aware of the britsh coming to invade them. Also paints  picture of boston massacre  . Places  Concord/Lexington­ Massacheutts is declaring they are in a state of rebellion and  british soliders are on their way to concord to collect arms being stored. Paul Revere  rides to inform the locals that the british are coming. One of the first battles of the  revolution. 49 colonist and 73 british soliders die.  Yorktown­ was besieged by American and French forces. More French then  American fight for Yorktown. General Cornwallis and his troops surrender. The west  indies and Canada remain apart of the british empire. Events  7 years war­ the first world war also known as the French and indian war. The  british gain at French expense. The British captures French colonies in Senegal,  Africa. The French are expelled from India. Quebec also is surrender to British  along with sugar colonies of Guadeloupe and Martinique. This is significant to  this course because it tells how the growth of the british empire which is modern  day America.  Stamp act­tax on every piece of paper everyone has to pay already existed in  britian money raised would stay in the colonies and be used for admiration and  sending troops.  Alien and Sedition Act­ Federalist fear opposition to war so they pass act the  restricts freedom of political expression. Critics were prosected for seditious acts  such as speeches and writing. This didn’t work because John Adamas was sent to  jail for this and still was elected from jail this is important because it shows the  people were even more feed up with the british control so they ignored these  different acts they tried to impose. Which only strengthens the colonist desire to  be independent from the british.  French Revolution­ People of pans storm the bastille becomes very radical.  Hatitian Revolution­Slaves rise up calling for liberty use revolution talk to justify  their cause. Lead by Loverturec the 1  French army flake son them they fight off  many times and dies at the end of the war hati is declard free and is the first black  republic. Thomas Jefferson did not like this.  Gab’s Rebellion­ led by Gabriel prosser an enslaved blacksmith. 1,000 plus slaves planned to kill whites and take Governor James hostage until their demand for  freedom was meet. March under a banner of liberty or death. This failed Gabriel  and 35 other slaves were executed they were inspired by Haitian Revolution.  War of 1812  American Revolution­ first civil war 1/3 where loyalist, 1/3 were patriots, 1/3 did  not care. Most of the colonies did not care or were patriots and coloniest in  Ny,Nj,Md, and the Caroline’s. Everyone claims to be patriots at the end of the  war.  Lord Punmore’s Proclamation­offered freedom to any male slave of a patriot that  would fight alongside the british. Over 800 slaves show up in Norfolk, Virginia.  Not only patriot slaves take this advantage.12,000 slaves runaway to South  Carolina alone.  Declactory Act­ repeals stamp act colonists think it’s a victory for them.  Parliament still belives they have a right to tax.  Townshed Act­ a tax on a number of goods including tea and sugar  Boston Massacre­ large crowd of colonist antagonize a group of british soliders  they throw snowballs at them and they get upset and afraid and one solider shots  10 bullets. Killing some of the colonists. This is significant because it gives the  colonists even more reason to declare war against the british.  Boston Tea party­colonists dress up as natives and throw 300 barrels of tea  overboard the british east india company ships into the boston harbor. They lose  10,000lbs of tea which is about 4 million dollars worth today. The bristish then  ban town meeting and any trade until all the tea is paid for. British soliders are  allowed to charter colonist homes like in Jane Franklin’s book.  Second Contential Congress Concepts  Article of Confederation­ was ratified by all 13 colonies in 1781. Aimed to keep  leadership in the hands of the people there was no president, no supreme court, no federal judiciary amendment required unamious consent.  Enlightment­ philosophical & cultural movement rational thought proceduces the  truth rather than religion, knowledge can improve human condition what people  have in common rather than their differences  Common Sense­ Thomas paine writing ideas that challeneged monarchy’s and  argued the colonist independence from britian control. Reached many people and  was one of the most successful political pamphlet in history, over 150,000 copies  sold is important because it helps makes the argument for america’s independence from britian.  British East India Company­ tea company  Republic v Democracy­ republic was rule by representation by the people for the  people and focuses on the right of each individual where democracy is a  government for the majority of the people and the good of the people as a whole  is more important than just each individual person.  Cotton Gin­ transformed the cotton production slave scould clean atleast 10 times  more than by hand. Cotton grew in the south means slavery doesn’t end actually  grows.  Internal Slave Trade­Abolished in 1807/180.40,000 africans imported 1800­1808  one million enslaved peopled southsold when slave trade abolished, separated  children from families. Images  Wood Carving­ Paul Reveres engraving of the boston massacre it is significant to  this class topic because it shows how separated the british soliders and colonist  were. The solider’s are all lined up showing that this massacre might have been  organized and not starting off as an accident. It was very chaotic the soliders were scared of the colonist and he spray’s his gun on the colonist. Revere gives us the  idea that this was purposely done.


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