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UT / Chemistry / CHEM 110 / How do you define organic chemistry?

How do you define organic chemistry?

How do you define organic chemistry?

Description

School: University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Department: Chemistry
Course: Intro to Organic and Biochemistry
Professor: Heather bass
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Chemistry
Cost: 25
Name: Chemistry Chapter 10 Notes
Description: These are the detailed notes for Chapter 10.
Uploaded: 01/19/2016
2 Pages 36 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews

Sharon Lesch (Rating: )

I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER



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Chapter 10: Organic Chemistry

  • What is Organic Chemistry
  • The study of carbon containing compounds, living and nonliving
  • These are generally comprised of Carbon (C), Oxygen (O) and Nitrogen (N) but may also contain Sulfur (S), Phosphorus (P) or any of the halogens (F, CI, Br, I)

  •  Why study Organic Chemistry
  • 88% of all known compounds are organic equaling 10 million compounds including things in Biochemistry such as DNA, RNA, lipids proteins and more

  • What is the difference between Organic and Inorganic compounds
  • Organic
  • Covalent
  • Can be solid Liquid or Gas and has a low melting point
  • Immiscible (Does not dissolve in H₂O)
  • Soluble in organic solvents
  • Not conductive
  • Flammable
  • Slow reaction care

  • Inorganic
  • Ionic
  • Can only be solid with a high Melting Point
  • Miscible (Dissolves in H₂O)
  • Insoluble in Organic solvents
  • Conductive
  • Not Flammable
  • Fast Reaction Rate
  • Please note these are in MOST cases

  • Carbon Dioxide (CO₂) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) are Carbon containing compounds that are not organic

  • Where do we Obtain Organic Compounds
  • Found in Nature
  • Man Made
  • Most Organic compounds are man made and not found in nature
  • Whether a compound is found in nature or synthesized in a lab that compound would be completely identical

  • Bonding in Organic Compounds.
  • Lewis Dot structure
  • Group 4A Valence electrons 4 bonds, 4 bonding pairs, 0 llone pairs
  • Group 5A 5 valence electrons. 3 bonds 3 bonding pairs 1 lone pair
  • Group 6A 6 valence electrons. 2 bonds. 2 bonding pairs 2 Lone pairs
  • Group 7A 7 valence Electrons 1 Bond 1 Bonding poic 3 lone pairs

  • Hydrogen will only bond once and will never be the central atom
  • VESPR

If you want to learn more check out How do you describe a cell wall?

Don't forget about the age old question of Where does ethnocentrism occur?

We also discuss several other topics like What are the four virtues of womanhood?

If you want to learn more check out How do you understand the movement and shifts on the demand curve?

If you want to learn more check out Who profits from the prison?

Don't forget about the age old question of How many percent of farmers uses pesticides in the u.s.?

  • Linear Formula
  • A line representing a carbon atom.

  • Condensed Formula
  • Shows connectivity

Functional Groups

  • Alcohol
  • Alcohols consist of a Carbon bonded to a hydroxyl group, on Oxygen and Hydrogen
  • Primary  Alcohol(): The Carbon connected to the OH is also attached to one other Carbon
  • Secondan () The Carbon connected to the OH is also attached to two other Carbons
  • Tertiary (): the carbon connected to the OH is also attached to three other Carbons

  • Amine N
  • Amines consist of a Nitrogen attached to a Carbon
  • Primary (1°): The Nitrogen is bonded with one Carbon
  • Secondary(2°): The Nitrogen is bonded with two Carbons
  • Tertiary (3°): the Nitrogen is bonded with three Carbons

  • Aldehyde

        O

H-C-H

  • Aldehudes consists of a Carbonyl group,  A Carbon double bonded to an Oxygen (C=0), bonded to two Hydrogens

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