Abnormal Psychology Midterm I Review
Abnormal Psychology Midterm I Review Psyc 2500
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by lucy allen on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2500 at University of Denver taught by Dr. Jennifer M Joy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 94 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
Chapter One what is psychological abnormality deviance distress dysfunction and danger does not necessarily have to be a danger to yourself what is treatment procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior what of adults and childrenadolescents in the US are in need of clinical treatment every year 30 of adults 19 of childrenadolescents what is trephination and when was it used driing holes in the skull reeases one of the four bodily humors occurred before SOOBC old practice what did the Greeks and Romans believe caused mental illness the four bodily humors what is the somatogenic principle abnorma functioning has a physical cause closely related to biological perspective of mental illness opposite psychogenic what is the primary mode of mental health treatment in the US outpatient care talk therapy and medication proportion of adults that receives treatment each year 16 what are the theoretical perspectives of mental health behaviora cognitive humanisticexistential psychoanaytic bioogica sociocutura Chapter Two Research in Abnormal Psychology what is a case study a detailed interpretive description of a persons life and psychological problems what is a correlation the degree to which events or characteristics are related to one another positive correlation as one increases the other does as well negative correlation as one increases the other decreases What are the merits of the correlational method advantages can generalize ndings can repeat replicate studies on other samples difficulties results describe but do not explain a relationship results say nothing about causation What is the experimental method you manipulate one variable and see how that changes the other manipuated variable independent What are three features included in experiments to guard against confounds control group random assignment bind design one group gets drugs the other does not and they are not aware of their group double blind both subjects and observers are unaware of subjects39 group quasiexperimental or mixed designs different than a regular experiment due to lack of random assignment of participants to groups make use of groups that already exist ex children with a history of child abuse natura experiments nature manipulates the independent variable and the experimenter observes the effects anaogue experiments create an environment analogous to the real world kid with math problems comes and does math in Dr joy39s office single subject experiment simiar to a case study in a way a single participant is observed both before and after manipulation of an independent variable not always used due to lack of external validity could see it in an analogue experiment where they39re doing math and then alter something like the pen they39re using or the room they are in then see the outcome on the single subject child Chapter 3 Models of Abnormality six types behaviora bioogica more medically focused psychoogica abnormality is an illness similar to that of heart disease brain treatment three types psychosurgeryneurosurgery drug therapy eectroconvusive therapy strengths vauabe new information treatments bring great relief to patient weaknesses can limit our understanding treatments produce signi cant undesirable negative effects psychodynamic behavior is determined by underlying psychological forces that we are not consciously aware of Freud innate desires not aware of consciously strengths first to apply theory and techniques systematically to treatment weaknesses unsupported ideas difficult to research forms of conditioning cassica conditioning unconditioned stimulus paired to an unconditioned response pair the unconditioned stimulus sti produced unconditioned response when fried chicken is taken away the conditioned stimulus remains and the conditioned response salivation occurs operant conditioning Skinner reinforcement punishment modeing Social Learning Theory Bobo Doll strengths can be tested in the lab weaknesses cognitive what is the cognitive model39s explanation for mental iHness cognitive processes are center of behaviors thoughts and emotion cog explanations implicate faulty emotions strengths processes are uniquely humans cognitive therapy is effective in treatment many disorders weaknesses humanisticexistential humanistic try to be your best self recognize strengths and weaknesses existentialist depressed because you don39t like yourjob and if you didn39t hate your job you wouldn39t be depressed strengths optimistic emphasizes health selfactualization etc not recognized in other models weaknesses hard to research these things abstract sociocultura famiysocia perspective of mental health famiy peer groups mass media medical institutions each person is affected by interactions among overlapping systems multicultura every individual has unique cultural context evauates prejudice and discrimination faces by minority groups strengths weaknesses hard to prove that noticed things are due to culture ecectic approach to mental health integrating aspects of multiple models for a broader understanding of mental health more opportunities for effective treatments think CBT for OCD treatment Chapter 4 Clinical Assessment Diagnosis and Treatment three categories clinical interview face to face with an individual can be structured semi structured or unstructured going through a series of diagnostic criteria or something else depending on what the goal of the interview was observations systematic observations of behavior three types naturalistic occur in everyday environments settings carefully behaviors feelings or analogue are used and conducted in arti cial selfmonitoring people observe themselves and record the frequency of certain cognitions as they occur over time tests six categories Inventory responses factors children Projective open ended and ambiguous most common Rorschach test thematic apperception test sentence completion test drawings strengths hepfu to provide supplementary information weaknesses reiabiity and validity problems may be biased towards minorities different evaluators will interpret it differently Personality designed to measure broad personality char usualy selfreported most widely used Minnesota Multiphasic Personality strengths easy to administer cheap and objectively scored weaknesses tests fail to allow for cultural differences in Intelligence indirect measurements of intelligence assessments of both verbal and nonverbal skills coected together to estimate IQ strengths highy standardized high levels of validity and reliability weaknesses performance can be in uenced by nonintelligence related how well you take tests anxiety other mental illnesses may contain cultural biases California has banned the use of IQ tests to place Response In ven tores sefreported focuses on speci c aspects of functioning affective inventories social skills inventories cognitive inventories strengths strong face validity what it appears to be measuring is what is measured weaknesses not all have been subject to strict validationreliability NeurologicalNeuroPsych neurological test directly assess brain function by assessing brain structure and activity in different areas of the brain observing differences in brain structurally depending on disorders people have more to understand diseases than to diagnose fMRl EEG Spectroscopy Psych ophysioogy measurement of physiological responses reating the physiological responses to the psychological occurrences iedetector test how you interpret emotional stimuli hormones cortisol epinephrine etc strengths help to understand underlying mechanisms of psychological responses weaknesses lots of equipment necessary ab to process data sometimes inaccurate polygraph C h a pte r 5 G eneraized Anxiety Disorder constantly anxious restless or on the edge fatigue difficulty concentrating muscle tension sleep problems cognitive perspective cause is due to you looking at the situation the wrong way caused by maladaptive assumptions bioogica perspective GABA inactivity has been implicated Phobias speci c phobia persistent fears of a speci c object or scenario broad phobia behaviora perspective deveop through conditioning in avoidance a stimulus and that avoidance and fear response becomes entrenched or conditioned agoraphobia quotfear of the marketplacequot being in situations where they cannot escape should they become incapacitated or experience panic Social Anxiety Disorder fear situations for social or performance situations due to possible scrutiny by others cognitive perspective misinterpretation of bodily events feeling like they will experience a panic attack leads to experiencing the panic attack exampe if you have a test and drink a lot of coffee before the test and think about how nervous you are for the test your heart is beating quickly due to the caffeine not entirely due to stress Panic Disorders Obsessive Compulsive Disorder obsession persistent thoughts or impulses that invade a persons consciousness compulsion behaviors people think the must perform to prevent or reduce anxiety psychodynamic perspective fear impulses coming from the ld use conscious mechanisms of ego to defend cognitive perspective everyone has repetitive unwanted and intrusive thoughts most common treatment cognitivebehavior therapy psychoeducation cognitive side tell you its ok that you have these thoughts and obsessions exposure exercises expose you to something uncomfortable so that you can overcome it bioogica perspective abnorma serotonin activity high heritability of disorder abnorma brain structure and functioning used to treat 0CD via drugsmedications serotoninbased antidepressants SSRls Four 0CD related disorders hoarding skin picking hairpuing body dysmorphic disorder exam tomorrow 50 multiple choice questions chapters 15 study by trying to really understand the different perspectives so you can approach the disorders and break them down to determine how they would be interpreted by each perspective
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