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How does exhaustion lead to death?

How does exhaustion lead to death?


School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: Nursing and Health Science
Course: Stress Management
Professor: Karen fazio
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: HESC, KNES, HESC 342, KNES 342, Health Science, Kinesiology, STRESS MANAGEMENT, and fazio
Cost: 50
Description: Detailed study guide for midterm 1 Grade received on midterm: A
Uploaded: 01/20/2016
6 Pages 162 Views 2 Unlocks

Stress Management Midterm 1  

How does exhaustion lead to death?

1. Stress

• Psychological and physiological reaction to a read or perceived threat  that requires some action/ resolution  

• Survival mechanism- heightened internal awareness of danger,  transform all of body’s resources to heightened state of readiness  2. Stress related disease % : 75-90%

3. Stress related disease people suffer

• Asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, alzehimers,  sexual dysfunction, anorexia, cancer, sores

4. Homeostasis vs allostasis  

• Homeostasis:  stabilized internal environment

• Allostasis:

o the physiological and psychological adaptation to threats/  

What are some of the common chronic stressors?

harmful situations .  

o more wear and tear, less ability to cope with future stressors  if stress continues  

5. General Adaptation Syndrome

• 1. Alarm  

o 1st exposure, acute stress= disrupts homeostasis = leads to a  series of physiological reactions in the autonomic and  

endocrine systems  

• 2. Resistance  

o continued exposure to stressor= sustain life as long as  

resources are available by body adaptations and coping  


• 3. Exhaustion= permanent damage= can lead to illness/ death  6. Body changes in fight or flight  

What is the technical term for good stress?

If you want to learn more check out What does brocas aphasia refer to?

• Raised heart rate, raised blood pressure and raised glucose If you want to learn more check out What are some examples of trade offs?

• Eyes dilate, muscles tense, heavy  breathing, sweat

• Digestive and immune system shut down  

• Adrenaline surge, blood coagulation  

• Inhibit sexual desire and reproductive capability  

7. 4 stage model of stress management and prevention  

• 1. Life situation/ chronic stressors

o no control over certain stressors- choose and know how to  respond

• 2. Perception and evaluation  

o same stressor, different reaction – because perception/  

personality type  

• 3. Stress response  

o emotional, psychological, physiological response to  


o endocrine and autonomic nervous system  

• 4. Consequences  

o prevention= more effective than management  

o small changes lead to big effects  

o don’t count on magic to solve probs

o tailor a program to your schedule, needs and means  

o develop comprehensive plan for your stress prevention and  management  Don't forget about the age old question of What was learned in developmental psychology?

8. Eustress vs Distress

• Eustress: good stress, inspires/ motivates you  

• Distress: negative/ harmful/ destructive stress

9. Symptoms of PTSD

• Flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, loss appetite, headache,  depression, relationship problems, stuck in flight or fight  

• Smaller hippocampus= healing compromised  

• Battle fatigue

10. Limbic

• Area of brain responsible for controlling emotional responses  11. Amygula  

• Structure brain that’s first activated during fear response  12. Sympathetic nervous system vs parasympathetic nervous system  

• Sympathetic:  

o ON- flight or fight  

o Pupils dilate, thick saliva, slow GI movement

• Parasympathetic  

o OFF- body relax

o Pupils constrict, thin saliva, fast GI movement  

13. Stages of human development  

• 1. Infancy (birth-3)  

• 2.  Early childhood (3-6): defensive coping strategies, withdrawal,  isolation, start reasoning skills, overgeneralize  If you want to learn more check out How do you prepare an income statement?

• 3. School age (6-12): indirect coping- seems like acting out, violent,  poor school behavior  

• 4. Adolescent ( 13-18): friends= more influential than fam  • 5. Early adulthood(19-23)  

• 6. Young adulthood (24-38): friendships, social network, selecting  partner, college, career  If you want to learn more check out What efforts were made during the era of reconstruction?

• 7. mid life (39-50): fam, multiple roles, create meaningful life, realize  mortality  

• 8. later maturity (51-65) :ageism, retirement  

• 9. Old age (66- death)

14. serious warming signs of possible suicide

• suicide = leading cause of deaths (15-24 yo)  

• mood swings, anxiety, depression, obsessive thinking, family history  of suicide, previous attempts, suicidal thoughts, plan? Resources 15. transactional model of stess (Lazaro)  

• greater emphasis on cognitive appraisal/ perception (mediator  between internal and external event)  

• stress= transaction between internal and external event  • 1. stressor leads to  

o primary appraisal (whats happening) OR  

i. perceived severity, casual focus  

o secondary appraisal (what you’re gonna do about it)  

i. perceived control of outcome/ emotions  

• 2. Coping effect

o problem management We also discuss several other topics like What are the possible mitigations that can be done pre-event?

o emotional regulation  

o meaning based coping  

• 3. Outcomes of coping  

o emotional wll being  

o functional status  

o healthy behaviors  

16. Classical conditioning  (pavlov/ hans)  

• Ring bell + food =  dog connects bell with food and salivates when  hears bell

• Fears= paired w/ other stimulus in environment= get same reaction  later  

17. Operant conditioning (skinner)  

• Give candy to kid to be quiet= reinforcing bad behavior  

• Response stimulus learning  

18. Causes of depression

• Overwhelming stress leads to feeling helpless and powerless  • Biological, or because certain medications/ medical conditions  19. Emotional intelligence  

• Ability to identify, use, understand and manage emotions in a positive  way  

20. Somatization  

• Expressing experience of stress= not appropriate in some culture  • Reporting bodily symptoms that reflect stress= ok ( head hurts, etc)  21. Causes of diabetes (type 2)  

• Lack of physical activity

• Poor nutrition  

22. Unintended pregnancies : 50%

23. bracing :unnecessary muscle contractions- like bracing for an accident  24. episodic stress: longer periods of intermitted depressions, anxiety disorders  and emotional distress  

25. hypertension : 34% adults deals with it

26. Reactions to stress  

• Physiological  

o Heart palpitations, sweat, dry mouth, fatigue, insomnia  

o nausea, dizzy, loss appetite, high blood pressure, weight  

loss/gain, infections  

• psychological

o impaired memory, disorientated, unrealistic demands,  

disastrous, not logical, externalized blame, obsessive, lose  

humor, suicidal, excessive fantasies  

week 1 video  

o avoid sugar  

o lifestyle issues  

o nutritional gaps

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