Psyc Exam 1 Study Guide
Psyc Exam 1 Study Guide Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor
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Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Fleming on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor at Clemson University taught by Dr. Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psyc in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
Psyc Exam 1 Study Guide Ch 1 ● History 1. Structuralism founders? methodology? 2. functionalism founders? ● Know the Different Approaches biological learning/behavioral cognitive sociocultural psychodynamic Ch 2: ● Descriptive methods case study observational study tests (objective vs projective) surveys Terms from Key Concepts: ● test retest reliabilit give people test, wait and give again to look at correlation btwn scores ● alternate forms reliability give people test over same concept but questions are different ● confirmation bias tend to seek out info that confirms our hypothesis ● validity ○ criterion validity show the test is valid by showing that test scores predict outcome ○ content validity means the content of the test mirrors the content of the trait in question ● correlations shows relation between objects ○ positive vs. negative correlation ● experiments: ○ independent variable ○ dependent variable ○ hypothesis ○ experimental group ○ control group ○ placebo effect ■ double blind vs. single blind ● cross sectional design at least 2 diff groups of people are tested at the same time & scores are compared ● longitudal design same people are tested over time ■ strengths & weaknesses of both Ch 4 ● Neuron ○ dendrite ○ nucleus ○ axon ○ myelin sheath ○ axon terminals ○ synapse ● peripheral nervous system ○ all nerves except brain & spinal cord ○ divided into somatic & autonomic ○ autonomic is divided into sympathetic & parasympathetic ● central nervous system ○ brain & spinal cord ● neurotransmitters **** ○ 4 in notes ○ extra neurotransmitters from text: melatonin, oxytocin, adrenal hormones, sex hormones ● Know Location & function of: ○ pons, cerebellum, medulla, reticular activating system, hypothalamus, thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus ○ frontal, temporal, occipital, & parietal lobes focus on function ● Areas: ■ Brocas area (Broca’s aphasia***) ■ Wernickes area ● Specialization of the brain: ○ lateralization: note the extent of lateralization based on info in text & module ○ split brain ○ opposite of specialization is plasticity Ways to examine the brain: ● stimulating the brain activity ○ electroencephalogram ( general electrical activity of brain) ○ transcranial magnetic stimulation ( neurons under large magnetic field stimulated) ○ newer form transcranial direct current stimulation small current to cortex ● scanning the brain: 1. MRI 2. pet scans
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