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CLEMSON / Psychology / PSYC 2010 / What refers to human tendency to seek out information that confirms hi

What refers to human tendency to seek out information that confirms hi

What refers to human tendency to seek out information that confirms hi

Description

School: Clemson University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Edwin brainerd
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: Psyc Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: These note outline a study guide for what needs to be known for the first exam.
Uploaded: 01/20/2016
3 Pages 50 Views 1 Unlocks
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Psyc Exam 1 Study Guide 


What refers to human tendency to seek out information that confirms his or her own hypothesis?



Ch 1

● History

1. Structuralism

founders?

methodology?

2. functionalism

founders?

● Know the Different Approaches

­ biological

­ learning/behavioral

­ cognitive

­ sociocultural

­ psychodynamic

Ch 2:

● Descriptive methods

­ case study

­ observational study

­ tests (objective vs projective)

­ surveys

Terms from Key Concepts:

● test retest reliability­ give people test, wait and give again to look at correlation btwn scores


What do correlations show?



● alternate forms reliability­ give people test over same concept but questions are different

● confirmation bias­ tend to seek out info that confirms our hypothesis ● validity ⇨ We also discuss several other topics like What economics is all about?

○ criterion validity­ show the test is valid by showing that test scores predict outcome

○ content validity­ means the content of the test mirrors the content of the trait in question

● correlations­ shows relation between objects

○ positive vs. negative correlation

● experiments: 

○ independent variable

○ dependent variable

○ hypothesis


What does brocas aphasia refer to?



○ experimental group

○ control group

○ placebo effect

■ double blind vs. single blind

● cross sectional design­ at least 2 diff groups of people are tested at the same time & scores are compared

● longitudal design­ same people are tested over time

■ strengths & weaknesses of both

Ch 4

● Neuron

○ dendrite

○ nucleus

○ axon

○ myelin sheath

○ axon terminals

○ synapse

● peripheral nervous system

○ all nerves except brain & spinal cord

○ divided into somatic & autonomic

○ autonomic is divided into sympathetic & parasympathetic Don't forget about the age old question of What is the purpose of developmental psyc?

● central nervous system

○ brain & spinal cord

● neurotransmitters ****

○ 4 in notes

○ extra neurotransmitters from text: melatonin, oxytocin, adrenal hormones, sex hormones

● Know Location & function of: 

○ pons, cerebellum, medulla, reticular activating system, hypothalamus, thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus

○ frontal, temporal, occipital, & parietal lobes ­ focus on function ● Areas:

■ ­ Brocas area (Broca’s aphasia***)

■ ­ Wernickes area

● Specialization of the brain: We also discuss several other topics like What efforts were made during the era of reconstruction?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is current liabilities and non current liabilities?
If you want to learn more check out How does genetics reveal the evolutionary process?
If you want to learn more check out What are the possible mitigations that can be done pre-event?

○ lateralization: note the extent of lateralization based on info in text & module

○ split brain

○ opposite of specialization is plasticity

Ways to examine the brain:

● stimulating the brain activity

○ electroencephalogram ( general electrical activity of brain)

○ transcranial magnetic stimulation ( neurons under large magnetic field stimulated)

○ newer form­ transcranial direct current stimulation­ small current to cortex ● scanning the brain:

1. MRI

2. pet scans

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