Global Geography Notes week 2
January 19, 2016
∙ Exercise 9.1 notes- winds tend to meet at the equator and here they meet and push up on each other. This constant rising air causes a large amount of precipitation. This happens in the ITCZ. ∙ 100% humidity- when air temp=dew point
∙ If rising air and dew point are equal you will have clouds ∙ Rising air and surrounding air are equal- no clouds ∙ when looking at where a place is for 9.1 look at N and S instead of E
∙ Exercise 10.2 Island migration- the note book has a wrong web address for the hokule’a article but it’s on canvas
∙ European “discovery”- it is estimated that European discovery wiped out 90% of the native population in the Caribbean ∙ Plantation America- coffee and sugar plantations- countries like Britain used slaves to farm sugar and used in producing rum. ∙ Slavery provided the backbone for labor in the Caribbean after disease wiped out the indigenous population
∙ Only 5% of slave labor brought from Africa went to North America. The rest went to the Caribbean. This brought a large amount of African culture to the Caribbean
∙ Barbados- Irish “slaves”- The British have a long history of distrusting the Irish. The Irish in order to work off debt to the British they would be sent to the Caribbean to work as slave labor. However they were treated differently in that they were able to work off their debt. We also discuss several other topics like What is the back portion of the mouth cavity?
∙ Jamaica- Reggae and Ska musical genres are often thought of. Rastafarians “weed culture.” Has religious undertones to this way of living with a mix Christian and traditional African religions.
∙ Haile Selassie- seen as a reincarnation of Christ to Rastafarians. ∙ Obeah- another Jamaican founded religion. When slaves were brought to the Caribbean they were not allowed to keep their culture- this included religion. In order to keep their culture alive they mixed their African religion with Christianity. Obeah is a darker example with belief in “black magic.”
∙ Vodou in Haiti- Vodou dolls are actually meant to respect a person’s ancestor. Close to Roman Catholicism. Magic aspect was really just used to scare slave owners.
∙ Santeria in Cuba- Know where these combinations of African religions are founded for the test.
∙ Garifuna- An example of indigenous Caribbean culture mixing with African culture. Indigenous languages were still being spoken but they looked African.We also discuss several other topics like How do you show that two vectors are equal?
∙ Trinidad and Tobago- Carnival- a celebration prior to lent. The Europeans brought it to the Caribbean. The slaves used Carnival to perform their own music and dances and also to undermine the slave owners. They dressed in elaborate costumes and “white face.” This celebration became to popular that some traditions were ever brought back to Europe. If you want to learn more check out What is the structure of ether?
∙ St. Eustatius- an example on an island that fell under several European countries control
∙ Tobago – owned by Courland, England and France. Gained independence in 1962.
∙ Barbados- was only under British rule
∙ Federation of Netherlands Antilles- Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and Sint Maarten
∙ French overseas departments- most well known was Haiti (was once considered their jewel in the Caribbean.) GDP the lowest in all of the Americas.
∙ Haitian Independence- 2nd country to become independent (after the US) in the early 1800s. First and only country to become independent through a successful slave rebellion. We also discuss several other topics like At what stage does gastrulation occur?
∙ Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary- the US declaring its influence on the Caribbean. Europeans slowly begin to move out.
∙ Why did the US not help Haiti? Haiti became independent through a slave rebellion- at the time the US still had slaves. Haiti was left on its own.
∙ US intervention- we sent military into Haiti eventually in order to keep communism under control. Helped during the earthquakes a few years ago. We also discuss several other topics like What are the two main groups in the kingdom plantae?
∙ Haiti has the highest HIV rate in the Americas
∙ Puerto Rico- territory of the US. 2nd highest GDP per capita in the Caribbean. Still have their own Olympic team.
∙ Status vote of the 1990s- very small percentage of people wanted Puerto Rico to become independent- most wanted to remain a commonwealth. But in 2012 most people voted for statehood. We also discuss several other topics like What is a state of matter that particles close together but not rigid in position?
January 21, 2016
∙ First set of assignments due Friday February 5 ∙ Cuba- Largest country in land area and population in the Caribbean
∙ The US did have close relations with Cuba in the past US businesses owned sugar plantations in Cuba
∙ When the government changed the Cuba began to take back the sugar plantations. The US business owners felt they deserved compensation to which Cuba said no. No relationship for years after we put an embargo on Cuban goods (up until recently)
∙ Because they weren’t able to trade car parts with the US they are known for having very old (antique looking) cars
∙ Sugar plantations- the US spread business for sugar plantations throughout the Caribbean
∙ The Dominican Republic- Baseball became the main way to connect with others in the sugar fields and also to move up in the world. More players than any other country come to the US to play baseball come from the Dominican Republic
∙ The Bahamas- Cruise ship tourism industry. Highest rate of HIV in the Americas. Outside of Africa the Bahamas have the highest rate in the world.
∙ Sea salt- island of Bonaire harvests sea salt. ∙ Antigua & Barbuda- Offshore banking- the wealthy trying to hide their money in order to get out of paying taxes. Online gambling. Bypass copy write laws (with music and movies) through illegal sharing websites Latin America
∙ What (or where) is Latin America? Central and South America (from Mexico to Chile)
∙ Mexican Altiplano- a pocket between two mountain rangers where most of the Mexican population in focused.
∙ Mexico City is well known for its air pollution. Here, warm air is on top of cold air (thermal inversion) and because the city is in a bowl between the mountains the thermal air acts as a seal keeping pollution in.
∙ Subsidence- lack of groundwater in Mexico City is causing the city to sink. Some buildings are leaning to the side because of this.
∙ Volcanic Axis- Cocos plate is moving into the Caribbean plate and North American plate, which is creating the volcanic axis.
∙ Earthquakes- Valdiva Earthquake (1960)- strongest earthquake ever recorded- 9.5 out of 10 of the Richter Scale
∙ Andes Mountains- longest mountain range in the world and the second tallest. Aconagua Ojos del Salado - - tallest mountain in the Americas
∙ Penitentes- sword shaped ice structures in the Andes ∙ Lake Titicaca- the worlds highest (navigable) lake ∙ La Paz, Bolivia- very high elevation but still has a
high population. Hernando Siles Stadium- they play 11,000 feet above sea level- when other soccer teams play at this stadium they tend to get tired very easily due to lower oxygen levels.