TXMI 3530 Exam #1 Study Guide
TXMI 3530 Exam #1 Study Guide TXMI 3530
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashley Pacilio on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TXMI 3530 at University of Georgia taught by Laura McAndrews in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 189 views. For similar materials see Apparel Quality Analysis in Retail at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Apparel Quality Analysis Study Guide: Exam #1 1. What does a cross-functional team consist of? 2. What is the difference between a buyer and a merchant? 3. What are the two top indicators of quality to the consumer? 4. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic? 5. Where does quality start in the supply chain? 6. What are the three aspects of sustainability? 7. What kind of fabric takes the lowest skilled labor? 8. What two factors contribute to customer satisfaction? 9. What initially draws the customer to a garment? 10.What research should a company do to create the ideal product for their customer? 11.What is a cross-functional team? 12.What are style modifications based on? 13.What are engineered prints? 14.What is the golden ratio also known as? 15.What is the golden ratio? 16.Who was the creator of the total quality control concept? 17.What are the three approaches to quality? 18.What five elements make up quality? 19.What is product-defined quality? 20.What can the performance of a garment be measured by? 21.What is serviceability? 22.What is manufacturer-defined quality? 23.What are garment features? 24.What are design specifications? 25.What is conformance? 26.What is the useful life of a product? 27.What are material specifications? 28.What is user-defined quality? 29.What are product specifications? 30.What are aesthetics? 31.Name some characteristics of qualities 32.Define tangible attributes 33.What are physical attributes? 34.What are performance features? 35.What are functional characteristics? 36.What are product benefits? 37.Define price point classification 38.Explain what a brand is 39.What are the six price categories from lowest to highest? Explain them 40.What is perceived quality? 41.Explain the difference between quality control and quality assurance 42.What are specifications? 43.Name three organizations that develop standards for textile and apparel performance 44.What is the equation for total quality control? 45.What is compliance in terms of a garment? 46.What must one consider before designing a line? 47.What are design details? 48.What is a block? 49.What are the sequences of patterns? 50.Explain grading 51.What are the seven color classifications, and what is each divided into? 52.What are color standards? 53.What are lab dips? 54.What are strike-offs? 55.Explain colorimeters and spectrophotometers 56.What is Metamerism? 57.What are substrates? 58.What fabric finishes alter the texture, drape, and hand? 59.How does rhythm relate to apparel? 60.What does the spinneret do? 61.What are harnesses? 62.Explain a plain weave 63.What is a twill weave? 64.What is a satin weave? 65.Define these weaves: dobby, jacquard, pile, double cloth 66.What are non-wovens? Give an example 67.Name the two parts that make up a dye and explain them 68.What are the three types of prints? 69.What are support materials? 70.What are findings? 71.What are shaping devices? Answers: 1. A merchant, buyer, product developer, designer, production, and tech designer 2. A buyer obtains styles from markets, and a merchant designs a plan for in- house styles 3. Price and brand 4. Intrinsic is the physical part of the clothing, such as the style and material, while extrinsic is the logistics of the garment, such as the price, brand, and where it was made 5. Fiber producer 6. Environmental, financial, and social 7. Knitted fabrics 8. Design and construction 9. Aesthetics 10.Demographics, lifestyle data, trend forecasts, competing products, and innovative products 11.A group of people from different specialties that come together to create new products 12.Fit, function, cost, production limitations, and merchandise plan 13.They are placed in a certain spot on the garment each time 14.Divine proportion 15.The division of a line into extreme and mean ratio, whatever is the most aesthetically pleasing proportion 16.Armand V. Feigenbaum 17.Product-defined, manufacturer-defined, and user-defined 18.Performance, durability, serviceability, conformance, and aesthetics 19.It focuses on the physical features and attributes that are measurable 20.Physical attributes, individual consumer preferences, interests, and outcome 21.Its ease of care, ability to retain its shape and appearance, and cost of maintenance (care and repair) 22.It concentrates on meeting specifications for conformance to production standards and is based on the concept that consumers are interested in purchasing quality products they can rely on 23.The physical characteristics or special components that enhance and support product performance such as fibers, yarns, and material structure, seam construction, and fabric finishes 24.The styling details, design features, and characteristics of an apparel item in relation to aesthetic appeal 25.The degree to which the design and performance of a product meets established standards 26.The length of use before it becomes physically damaged and the consumer chooses to replace the item rather than repair it 27.They provide performance expectations required for all materials that will be used to complete a garment style 28.It is determined by individual customers’ needs and wants in relation to their personal preferences for desired product attributes and value 29.They provide standards for intrinsic components of a completed product such as size and fit, garment assembly, finishing, labeling, packaging, and performance 30.They engage the sense and include the appearance, comfort, sound, and smell 31.Garment styling, sizing and fit, fabric, component materials, findings and trims, workmanship, and precision of assembly 32.Can be assessed using one’s senses such as sight, touch, sound, and smell 33.The design of the product, the materials used, and how the product is constructed and finished 34.They dictate the garment’s primary functional characteristics, such as comfort, usefulness, and benefits 35.Its ability to perform in relation to fit, durability, effectiveness, and ease of care 36.Result from the right combination of physical attributes and performance features that are desired by consumers to meet their needs and expectations 37.The range of prices, lowest to highest, upon which competitive products are offered in the marketplace 38.The reputation of a product or company that is conveyed through brand image, wordmark, logo, product design, quality, marketing and promotion, distribution of goods, and customer service 39.Budget – geared toward a wide range of market segments; Moderate – average prices and geared toward meeting the needs of middle-income consumers; Better – above-average prices and expectation of better quality fabric and construction; Contemporary – similar to “better,” but slightly higher; Bridge – high quality and elements at lower price point then designer; Designer – exclusive design, high quality fabrics, niche construction 40.The consumer’s opinion of the level of superiority of a product based on brand reputation, value, and meeting expectations 41.Quality control is the process for ensuring specified standards for quality are maintained through continual testing at different phases of production, performing frequent inspections, and ensuring proper use of equipment and procedures, while quality assurance is the method for managing and controlling the processes for development and manufacturing of apparel to ensure product quality and compliance with safety regulations 42.A set of established requirements for determining whether the material or product satisfies quality standards related to performance criteria, safety, or physical, mechanical, or chemical properties 43.Possible answers: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ASTM International, American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC), Technical Advisory Group (TAG), American National Standards Institute (ANSI), British Standards Institution (BSI), European Committee for Standardization (CEN), China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS), Japanese Standards Association (JSA), Standards Council of Canada (SCC), and Association of the Nonwoven Fabrics Industry (INDA) 44.Control (design + material + product + process) / Costs (inspection + rejects) x Customer satisfaction = Total Quality Control 45.The ability of a material, finding, or apparel product to conform to established standards and specifications to meet customer expectations that lead to satisfaction 46.The purpose of a line, aesthetic attributes, performance attributes, level of durability, maintenance requirements, level of quality, and willingness to pay 47.They create visual interest within the silhouettes through style lines or design features, such as collars, cuffs, closures, necklines, pockets, sleeves, trimmings, or yokes 48.A tag board of digital pattern that follows the natural contours of the body or dress form developed to brand specifications for a sample or given size 49.First pattern – the initial pattern developed that includes seam and hem allowances; Working pattern – as a pattern is modified; Production pattern – when style and fit are perfected 50.Increasing and decreasing the measurements of the pieces to create all sizes within the range 51.Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet – hue, value, and saturation 52.Help designers and product developers communicate accurate specifications for dye formulations to provide color requirements for mills and converters 53.Dyed fabric samples that are viewed under various lighting conditions to ensure consistency 54.Printed fabric samples that are evaluated against the color standard 55.Provide a numeric representation of color by digitally measuring the percentage of light reflected at each wavelength along the visual spectrum (aka spectral data) 56.When colors match under certain lighting conditions and not in others 57.Fibers and materials 58.Calendaring, flocking, fulling, mercerizing, napping and sueding, plisse, shearing, softening, stiffening, and washing 59.The movement of the viewer’s eye through each part of the garment; can be controlled through lines created by seams, darts, and other design details; will follow the line until intersected by another line or element 60.Forms the size, cross-sectional shape, and texture 61.Frames that hold the heddles (needle-like wires) that are threaded with warp yarns 62.Created using two harnesses with a shuttle carrying the filling yarns passing over and under the warp yarns, alternating each row 63. Using three or more harnesses, whereas the shuttle carrying the filling yarn crosses over two or more warp yarns, then passes under one or more yarns, creating a diagonal line in the right or left direction 64.Variation of an exceptionally unbalanced twill weave that uses between five and 12 harnesses 65.Dobby - a geometric patterned structure; Jacquard - a figured pattern or motif structure that adds pattern; Pile - an additional set of yarns (warp or filling) that are woven into the base and appear as loops on the surface; Double cloth - weaving two fabrics on the same loom where the two layers are interlocked by another set of yarns that is interlaced to attach the layers together 66.They are fabrics constructed as fiber web structures rather than with yarns. Two examples are felt and composite 67.Chromophore provides the color, and auxochrome delivers solubility and bonding capabilities 68.Dry, wet, and digital 69.Integral parts of the construction of many garments and are comprised of separate plies of fabrics that reinforce portions of a garment and can allow for various silhouettes to be achieved, such as necklines, armholes, etc. 70.Support materials and shaping devices that add function 71.Provide structured support for garments, such as shoulder pads, bra cups, lingerie underwire, sleeve puffs, etc.
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