Unit 2 Rock to Bach Study Guide (Test 2)
Unit 2 Rock to Bach Study Guide (Test 2) MUSI 10073
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaley Hicks on Friday January 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUSI 10073 at Texas Christian University taught by Amy Stewart in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 234 views. For similar materials see From Rock to Bach in Music at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
People: Brian Epstein- managed the Beatles George Martin- Beatles producer – discovered them at the Cavern Club Dick Row- at Decca, recorded the Rolling Stones Jim Dickinson- manager of Byrds Phil Spector- Righteous Brothers & Beach Boys. Released “Let It Be” after Beatles disbanded Glen Campbell- replaced Brian Wilson on Beach Boys tour team Berry Gordy Jr- founded Motown Records “H-D-H Team”- writers for Motown hits Jim Stewart- founded Stax Ahmet Ertegun- founded and figurehead of Atlantic Timothy Leary- professor that led the psychedelic movement Band Members: John Lennon- Beatles, guitar/vocals – Bad Boy Paul McCartney- Beatles, bass/vocals – good boy Brian Jones- formed the Rolling Stones Mick Jagger & Keith Richards- songwriting team of the Stones John Phillips- leader of the Mamas and the Papas Diana Ross- member of the Supremes then solo career Pete Townsend: the Who Jim Morrison- vocalist in The Doors – stage persona = “The Lizard King” Jimmy Page- Led Zeppelin vocalist, produced all of their albums Peter Gabriel- vocalist of Genesis – rock theater Solo Artists: Cliff Richards- The most successful British rocker from 1957-1963 Bob Dyan- Gifted songwriter, lyrics on social injustices, Folk rock (used electric guitar), showed pop music could address serious issues Aretha Franklin- southern soul, Atlantic Records, dad a reverend = gospel roots. “Queen of Soul” James Brown- “Godfather of Soul”, aggressive singing, athletic show, everything choreographed – asserted extensive control over his music Janice Joplin- blues, soulful singing – Haight-Ashbury District Miles Davis- Wanted to expand jazz listening audience to large audiences. Did so with album Bitches Brew 1970 David Bowie- Glam rock artist that created on stage persona of Ziggy Stardust Alice Cooper: shocking, dark, gruesome stage show but used self-satire to keep it from being too dark, songs do not reflect his actual life – glam rock Elton John- British, most successful singer/songwriter, employed a backup rock band Groups: Gerry and the Pacemakers- Beatles type group Herman’s Hermits- Beatles type group Freddie and the Dreamers- Beatles type group Yardbirds: 3 famous guitarists: Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page Animals- known for their wild stage acts Byrds- rock versions of folk songs, distinctive electric 12-string guitar sound Simon and Garfunkle- modeled themselves after Everly Brothers, folk rock Mamas and Papas- 4 part vocal harmonies, stack voices, very commercial sounding -> folk rock Monkees: Americas most commercially successful answer to the Beatles – Brill Building Approach The Miracles- first successful Motown group – led by Smokey Robinson The Supremes- successful Motown group led by Diana Ross Grateful Dead- psychedelic, lead singer= Jerry Garcia – did not care about hits – highly improvisional – most recordings were live. Height-Ashbury District Jefferson Airplane- psychedelic, Grace Slick = broke barrier of no females in rock. Haight-Ashbury District Cream- supergroup, London underground psychedelic, virtuosic instrumental performances. Eric Clapton Jimi Hendrix Experience- London underground psychedelic, career launched in American by Montery Pop Festival – paved way for guitar to take center stage in the 70s. The Doors- Los Angeles psychedelic, Jim Morrison = “The Lizard King” Led Zeppelin- combination of blues, rock, and psychedelia. Led by Jimmy Page Deep Purple- Richie Blackmore, heavy metal ; blended rock & classical idioms ; focus on instrumental solos Black Sabbath- blues based with gothic touches – Ozzy Osbourne Allman Brothers Band- Southern rock ; blues influence with soloing Lynryd Skynrd- Southern rock ; commercially and radio friendly ZZ Top- Texas based southern rock Santana-South of border rock; success after performance at Woodstock Aerosmith- from Boston, American rock beyond south Emerson, Luke, & Palmer- clever adaptations of classical music. Keith Emerson = keyboardist Yes- most successful of progressive rock – all masters of their instruments Genesis- creative, bizarre, costumes & props = rock theater ; Peter Gabriel & Phil Collins Pink Floyd- Roger Waters (bassist) – philosophical lyrics & complex stage shows ; madness, insanity, isolation Kiss- glam rock Record Labels: Parlophone- signed the Beatles originally Decca- Recorded the Stones under Dick Row Chess Records- recorded the Yardbirds Capitol Records- Beach Boys and Beatles Motown Records- polished black music, Brill Building approach, Detroit. “Hitsville USA” Atlantic Records and Stax- southern soul (Memphis and Muscle Shores, AL), truer to black than Motown. Atlantic moved from sweet to southern soul. Stax = “Soulville USA” – founded by Jim Stewart o Atlantic = Aretha Franklin o Stax = Otis Redding, Wilson Pickett Apple Records- formed by Beatles, not very successful Songs: “Love Me Do” – first song released by the Beatles under Parlophone “I Want to Hold Your Hand” – example of early Beatles music “Tomorrow Never Knows” – example of later, more complex Beatles Music “Like A Rolling Stone” – Bob Dylan’s most famous song - #2 on charts “Mr. Tambourine Man” – 1 international folk rock single – sang by Byrds written by Bob Dylan “Louie, Louie” – popular garage band song by Kingsmen – poor recording techniques, questions over obscene lyrics “In The Midnight Hour” – Wilson Pickett song that exemplifies “Stax Sound” “Good Vibrations” – Beach Boys – extensive studio time & budget – cutting & splices – 3 sections of completely unique music material “Sound of Silence” – Simon & Garfunkle’s first hit single “A Day In The Life” – the Beatles, avant guard – random crescendo Albums: Rubber Soul- more experimental/artistic approach from the Beatles Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band – 1967 – Beatles - concept album, variety of styles of music, experimental & avant guard techniques Bringin’ It All Back Home- Bob Dylan’s album that broke folk tradition Bitches Brew- 1970 – Miles Davis jazz album that expanded jazz audiences Styles: Beatles Type Groups: charming, pop oriented – Gerry and the Pacemakers, Herman’s Hermits, Freddie and the Dreamers Stones Type Groups: Blues oriented, traditions in Chicago Electric Blues, bad boys – Yardbirds and the Animals Folk Rock: led by Bob Dylan and Byrds –others= Simon and Garfunkle, Mamas & Papas Garage Bands: amateur bands in wake of Beatles – influenced punk movement – Kingsmen Southern Soul: associated with Atlantic and Stax – Aretha Franklin Motown: marketed towards white audiences – the Miracles, the Supremes, Martha and the Vandellas, Temptations, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder Haight-Ashbury Psychedelia- Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Janice Joplin London Underground Psychedelia- Cream, Jimi Hendrix Experience Los Angeles Psychedelia- The Doors (Jim Morrison=Lizard King) Blues-Based British Rock- Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, Rolling Stones, Cream, and Yardbirds Southern Rock- Allman Brothers Band and Lynryd Skynrd Progressive Rock- emerged from UK, concept albums, philosophical lyrics, music provides the trip. Use of classical music. EX: The Who ; Yes ; Emerson, Luke, and Palmer ; Genesis ; Pink Floyd Jazz Rock Fusion- Miles Davis Horn Based Groups (Big Band): Blood, Sweat & Tears and Chicago Glam Rock: theatrical – David Bowie, Alice Cooper, & Kiss Singers/Songwriters- James Taylor, Carole King, Elton John Canadian Singers/Songwriters- Jodi Mitchell, Neil Young Country Rock- Creedence River Creek, The Eagles Festivals: Newport Folk Festival – 1965- Bob Dylan first used electric guitar in folk = folk rock Monterey Pop Festival – marked beginning of psychedelic era – launched Jimi Hendrix’s career in America. 1 International Rock Festival Woodstock – 1969 – peak of psychedelic era – in NY Altamont – Dec ’69 – end of psychedelic Era – not peaceful, Hell’s Angels Facts: The Kinks and the Who defy classification of Beatles/Stones type groups “hippie aesthetic” – music has a deeper meaning – 2 approaches : (1) music enhances the trip (Grateful Dead and Pink Floyd) (2) Music is the Trip (Beatles and the Doors) San Francisco’s Height Ashbury District was the local psychedelic scene UFO Club – located in San Francisco – held underground psychedelic events. Cream & Jimi Hendrix Experience
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