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Isabel Trede Fairy Tales of Germany Week One and Two Notes LegendsOriginally were stories about the lives of saintsAbout a particular figure/personNarratives b/w myth and historical factOften legends are about popular folk heroes, soldiers, saints, revolutionaries, etc.MythsShow a concern for creation: how things came to existOften explain the natural order/cosmic forces Myths involve supernatural/supra-human beingsFablesFables are short narratives that have morals Can be prose or verse Characters with “simple” and identifiable traits (sly fox, week lamb, the beggar, the king, etc.)Folk Tales Often have origins in oral traditionsThis overarching term includes legends, fables, fairy tales, ghost stories, tall tales, husband and wife tales, tales about local characters, etc. (this is a disputed topic though)Fairy Tales Oral telling and literary forms of fairy tales In literary/written form, fairy tales tend to be a prose narrative about fortunes/misfortunes of a hero/heroine o Often ends with a happily ever after for the hero/heroineTypically contains magic (spells, fairies, charms, helpers (and/or villains) with magical abilitiesGerman Terms“Märchen” – means “fairy tales”o literal translation- “little story” or “magic tale”“Volksmärchen”- means “folk tale”“Kunstmärchen”- “artistic fairy tale”o these tales were not collected from existing oral tales, but written as originals“Buchmärchen”- means “book fairy tale”o literary tales“Das Wunderbare”- means “the magical” or “the wonderful” (as in wonder)
01/22/16 Fairy Tales: Theories of Origindescended from Panchatantra o third century Sanskrit o theory advanced by Theodor Benfery also could have originated in Egypto written on papyrus from 2000 BCEthere are very early references to fairy tales 1870: George Cox thought fairy tales examined conflicts between the sun and darkness Hungarian Genza Rohiem thought the source for fairy tales were dreamsVladimir Propp proposed that they stem from primitive rites, myths, and tribal wisdomPsychological approach Idea that stories all over the world were so similar because there were similar states in all the places in which these fairy tales were prevalentDiffusionist approachIdea that stories all over the world were so similar because they just rapidly spread from place to place1893: Marian Cox publishes analysis of 345 versions of CinderellaThe First Literary Fairy Tales“Cupid and Psyche” – root of Beauty and the Beast storyo written by Lucius Apuleius o originally written in Latin o 2nd century AD o part of a larger work called Metomorphosis (also called the Golden Ass)“Psyche” means soul or butterflyApuleiusBorn in Madaura (in Algeria)Born 2nd century ADFamily was GreekStudied in Carthage and Athens, later lived in RomeInterested in the occult, esp. Cult of Isiso In Cupid and Psyche, Venus may have been the Isis figure in the storyIs Cupid and Psyche based on the cult initiation myth about the Egyptian goddess, Isis?
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School: University of Colorado at Boulder
Course: Fairy Tales of Germany
Professor: Professor Schmiesing
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: fairytales, German, Germany, Literature, and stories
Name: Fairy Tales of Germany week one and two notes
Description: these notes cover what was talked about in class and highlighted things were said to be very important