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GSLL 2503 - Class Notes - Week 1

Created by: Isabel Trede Elite Notetaker

GSLL 2503 - Class Notes - Week 1

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background image Isabel Trede
Fairy Tales of Germany
Week One and Two Notes 
Legends  Originally were stories about the lives of saints  About a particular figure/person  Narratives b/w myth and historical fact  Often legends are about popular folk heroes, soldiers, saints, 
revolutionaries, etc.
Myths Show a concern for creation: how things came to exist Often explain the natural order/cosmic forces  Myths involve supernatural/supra-human beings Fables Fables are short narratives that have morals  Can be prose or verse  Characters with “simple” and identifiable traits (sly fox, week lamb, the
beggar, the king, etc.)
Folk Tales  Often have origins in oral traditions This overarching term includes legends, fables, fairy tales, ghost 
stories, tall tales, husband and wife tales, tales about local characters, 
etc. (this is a disputed topic though)
Fairy Tales  Oral telling and literary forms of fairy tales  In literary/written form, fairy tales tend to be a prose narrative about 
fortunes/misfortunes of a hero/heroine 
o Often ends with a happily ever after for the hero/heroine Typically contains magic (spells, fairies, charms, helpers (and/or 
villains) with magical abilities
German Terms “Märchen” – means “fairy tales” o literal translation- “little story” or “magic tale” “Volksmärchen”- means “folk tale” “Kunstmärchen”- “artistic fairy tale” o these tales were not collected from existing oral tales, but  written as originals “Buchmärchen”- means “book fairy tale” o literary tales “Das Wunderbare”- means “the magical” or “the wonderful” (as in 
wonder)
background image 01/22/16  Fairy Tales: Theories of Origin  descended from Panchatantra  o  third century Sanskrit
o  theory advanced by Theodor Benfery 
 also could have originated in Egypt o  written on papyrus from 2000 BCE  there are very early references to fairy tales   1870: George Cox thought fairy tales examined conflicts between the 
sun and darkness 
 Hungarian Genza Rohiem thought the source for fairy tales were 
dreams
 Vladimir Propp proposed that they stem from primitive rites, myths, 
and tribal wisdom
 Psychological approach  Idea that stories all over the world were so similar because there 
were similar states in all the places in which these fairy tales 
were prevalent
 Diffusionist approach Idea that stories all over the world were so similar because they 
just rapidly spread from place to place
 1893: Marian Cox publishes analysis of 345 versions of Cinderella The First Literary Fairy Tales “Cupid and Psyche” – root of Beauty and the Beast story o written by Lucius Apuleius 
o originally written in Latin
o 2
nd  century AD  o part of a larger work called Metomorphosis (also called the  Golden Ass) “Psyche” means soul or butterfly Apuleius  Born in Madaura (in Algeria)  Born 2 nd  century AD Family was Greek Studied in Carthage and Athens, later lived in Rome Interested in the occult, esp. Cult of Isis o In Cupid and Psyche, Venus may have been the Isis figure in the  story Is Cupid and Psyche based on the cult initiation myth about the 
Egyptian goddess, Isis?

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School: University of Colorado at Boulder
Department: German
Course: Fairy Tales of Germany
Professor: Professor Schmiesing
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: fairytales, German, Germany, Literature, and stories
Name: Fairy Tales of Germany week one and two notes
Description: these notes cover what was talked about in class and highlighted things were said to be very important
Uploaded: 01/22/2016
4 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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