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UC / Criminal Justice / CJ 1001 / Describe bias as a point of research.

Describe bias as a point of research.

Describe bias as a point of research.

Description

School: University of Cincinnati
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Criminology
Professor: Morgan steele
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Week 2 notes of Intro to Criminology
Description: These notes cover the nature and extent of crime, the sources, and the components of what affects crime.
Uploaded: 01/23/2016
4 Pages 128 Views 0 Unlocks
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The Nature and Extent of CrimeWe also discuss several other topics like What is a special case in Java?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the difference between linear motion and rotational motion?

Points of Research

Prediction

Examples:  males who live within poor neighbourhoods, no extracurricular activities

BiasWe also discuss several other topics like What are the foundations of Criminal Law?

Example: judge / police bias toward certain groupDon't forget about the age old question of What things are difficult for you every day?

Efficiency

Example: make system better

Primary Sources

  • Official data
  • UCR ( report by FBI using data from +17000 police agencies)
  • NIBRS

Survey Research

  • NCVS
  • Self - Report

Secondary Sources

  • Cohort Research
  • Experiments
  • Observations

UCR: serious / frequent crimes reported UCR gives total crimes, rates per 100k, and clearance rates (murder, arson)If you want to learn more check out What are the logical elements?

NIBRS: includes more crime types, incident characteristics (drug possession, identity that victim / offender characteristics

Strengths of official data

  • Easy to obtain
  • Access a website
  • Cheap
  • Standardized measures across jurisdictions

Weakness

  • Relies on victim reporting crime
  • Agencies might define / report crimes diffectly
  • Some methodological issues

For UCR - hierarchy rule: most serious offense during a crime is only reportedDon't forget about the age old question of When did the corporate era that we live in today begin?

Survey Research

  • National crime victimization survey: detailed questions about crime incidents
  • Nationally representative sample of households
  • Seven interviews over 3 years

Self - Report Survey - asking whether and how often subjects (commit crimes or delinquent behavior

Pros and cons of NCVS

Pros:

  • Assess unreported crimes
  • More complete picture of crimes especially underreported crimes

Cons:

  • Victims may under / over -report crime
  • Could forget crime / misattribute loot item to theft
  • Cannot account accent for victim’s illegal behavior
  • Sampling errors
  • Questions may not completely assess certain populations
  • Juveniles

Juveniles of Self Report

Pros:

  • Can be used to examine strict groups of people
  • Study differences in attributes
  • experiences , along with behaviors

Cons:

  • People who refuse to participate may be different than those that do
  • Groups may answer questions differently
  • Questions focus on minor tribunal offenses

Secondary Sources of Crime Data

  • Cohort Studies: observing a group of people overtime
  • Experiments: changing specific variable to see if it affects the outcome
  • Observations and interview: in -depth research on a small group of subjects
  • Mapping: display visual of crime pattern

Crime Patterns

  • Criminology looks for stable patterns to better understand and predict crime
  • Ecology of crime: crime tends to vary based on temporal and ecological factors
  • Time of day, month, year
  • Temperature
  • Region
  • Crime has correlation with ice cream sales

Factors that influence crime trends

  • Age
  • Immegration
  • Economy
  • Gunds
  • Drugs
  • Gangs
  • Media
  • Medicine
  • Justice policy
  • Social / cultural change

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