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FSU / Art History / ARH 2050 / What were the major themes of the Sumerian civilization?

What were the major themes of the Sumerian civilization?

What were the major themes of the Sumerian civilization?

Description

School: Florida State University
Department: Art History
Course: History and Criticism of Art I
Professor: Stephanie bender
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Art History
Cost: 25
Name: Art History week 2
Description: Notes from week 2
Uploaded: 01/23/2016
5 Pages 168 Views 0 Unlocks
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Ancient Near Eastern ArtWe also discuss several other topics like What are the competing methods in numerical analysis?

Vocabulary List 2                                        cultures for IdentificationsIf you want to learn more check out What question is being answered by Epistomology?

Mesopotamia                                                SumerianWe also discuss several other topics like lii molar mass
If you want to learn more check out What is the distance light travels in one year?

Cuneiform                                                Akkadian

Votive                                                        AssyrianIf you want to learn more check out How does our nervous system work?

Narrative                                                Hittite

Iconography                                                Babylonian

Stele                                                        Achaemenid (Persian)We also discuss several other topics like f 288 scantron

Naram - Sin

Hieratic Scale

Ziggurat

Chapter 2

Summerian

  • Major themes
  • Social class, religion, development of organized religion, recording history without the development of written language), authoritative propaganda
  • Mesopotamia - (the tectonic crescent)”Land between the rivers
  • Interest in biblical homeland
  • (cuneiform - wedge shaped symbols - first form of writing, pressed into clay, developed by sumerians
  • Ziggurat - raised and step platform with 4 sloping walls made from mud bricks on top of which temple was built
  • Hearts of city, dominate landscapes, beacons
  • Spiritual and physical (food) nurishment
  • Religious and secular focal point
  • Food processed have and distributed from
  • Corners aligned with cardinal directions
  • Ann Ziggurat and white temple
  • Gleaming white washed temple
  • Contrast, bright beacon
  • Fairly small temple
  • Cella - central hall with alter, sacrifice
  • Acted as bridge between heaven and earth (stairs ascending and temple)
  • Proclamation of power and preciousness
  • Nara ziggurat
  • ~1000 years past Ann
  • Built for moon god Nana
  • Blue glazed bricks from temple ruins
  • Restored 6th century BCE Babylonian King
  • Again in 70’s by Adam Housain
  • Eshnunna Votive Figures
  • Votive - object offered to gods (indetication) in accordance with vow / prayer
  • Various sizes, men and women
  • Men skirts, usually beards
  • Women dresses, head pieces
  • Some painted, precious materials, shells in eyes
  • Left in temples as representatives of those who played in front of shrine to gods
  • Big eyes looking upon their god
  • Prayer stance, mid torso, right over left
  • Large clusters and shoulders (where soul was thought to reside)
  • Contemporary fashions
  • Mass produced and sold
  • Some with inscriptions or one who often praise / prayers
  • Thousands found
  • Uruk Vase
  • Worship of Eshnunna
  • Narrative - account of collected events
  • One of first narrative works
  • Low relief, 3 connect tiers
  • Representative of ritualistic harvest and storage
  • Bottom - plants, top - people, animals, pets
  • Reeds symbolizing door into cellar
  • composite  pose
  • Smashed and rescrambled twice
  • AKKAdian
  • Different ethnic group and language
  • Art much more militant
  • Cylinder seal with kneeling nude heros
  • Signative (formal)
  • Worn as necklace / bracelet
  • Foglio
  • Six coiling locks, composite pose, staff possibly reference to specific god
  • “Shaktum son of Tallem”
  • Iconography - visual symbols and images used in a work of art and the study of them
  • Stele of Naram - Sim
  • Stele - up light stone slab
  • Cuneiform
  • Naram - sim - AKKAdian ruler
  • First works to celebrate specific (achievement accomplishment of a single person
  • Historical narrative
  • First to claim divinity for one’s self
  • Sim meaning ____
  • “King of the four corners / quarters”
  • Top: iconography of deities
  • Stomping on dead enemies begging, surmounting mountain, story teller (top right)
  • Hieratic Scale - relative size designates importance
  • Naram - Sim closer to gods / heavens
  • Militant work
  • vertical , no clear horizontal lines
  • Naram - Sin Shown without jumble (clear)
  • N.S’s depiction symbolism
  • Horn helmet - symbol of gods (declaration of divinity)
  • Many weapons - in control of battle / power
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