SOCI201 STUDY GUIDE
SOCI201 STUDY GUIDE SOCI201013
Popular in Introduction to Sociology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Sociology
This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathleen Whalen on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI201013 at University of Delaware taught by Perez,Victor W. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Delaware.
Reviews for SOCI201 STUDY GUIDE
I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!
-Tremayne Parisian III
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/23/16
Exam 1 Study Guide and Helpful Questions 0 Social status the connection between you and society 0 Ascribed and achieved social statuses I Ascribed social status one that is given to you example name age race I Achieved social status voluntarily selected example get a college degree 0 Drives social outcomes ex college major or racial segregation 0 Anthony Giddens what is society 0 0 When you think of Anthony Giddens think of institutionalized modes of conduct a cluster or system of institutionalized modes of conduct Society repeats itself must have rules conformity guidelines norms expectations things get taken for granted Social statuses allow us to see these institutionalized modes of conduct by organizing people into social statuses and social roles 39 Social statussocial position things that you occupy example race age body height weight gender dressstyle the direct connection between you and society 39 Social roles behaviors that fulfill those expectations example what they do with being male and female Soci et y Who you are is a function of What you are and What you are comes from some external source 0 Emile Durkheim social facts in society 0 Wlen you think of Fnile D1rkeim think ofsocial facts When I fulfill my obligations as brother husband or citizenI perform duties which are defined externally to myself and my acts in law and custom Thought that people should look at the whole society to explain individual behavior Durkheim we need to start to look at society to predict individual behavior start looking at social position that you occupy something larger than one individual Durkheim called social patterns social facts because they are repeating themselves they are repetitive Lived in a time where people looked at individual to explain individual behavior 0 Phrenology trying to study why people became criminals by feeling head and face ie looked at individual 0 Social institutions 1 childbirth amp 2 marriage 0 Social institution something that exerts an amount of control or constraint over you foundation to society example government religion long term lasting can change but changes gradually I Ex Childbirth soda or pop Violent crime 0 When we can observe society through the lens of patterns we reveal social institutions which are the foundations of any society 0 A social institution is a complex social forms that reproduce themselves such as governments the family human languages universities hospitals business corporations and legal systems Bigger than individual 0 Who said a complex of positions roles norms and values lodged in particular types of social structures and organising relatively stable patterns of human activity with respect to fundamental problems in producing lifesustaining resources in reproducing individuals and in sustaining viable societal structures within a given environment allow life to be organized and successful enough to continue if not they will cease to exist I Jonathan Turner 0 Who said Institutions by definition are the more enduring features of social life I Anthony Giddens O 1 Childbirth Birthrate is 50 of what it used to be 19092012 US Births at record low I Technology allows women to have children later which they have fewer I The Great Recession has caused people to have fewer children I 1909127 births per 1000 women in US I 2012 63 births per 1000 women in US I While overall fertility rates have fallen trends vary by age race and ethnicity 0 The fertility rate decreased among teenagers and women in their 20s but rose slightly among those over age 30 0 It held steady for white women fell among blacks and Hispanics and rose among Asians and Pacific Islanders last year Lg G g 19 Ear gear 2313 as bistitle pier LEDD 339 Vs Y 39 v wnmen 127 11 69 63 1 r 39r 391 1l births births births births quotiIIEEi 1303 39JL39E lEi39l Filer 1303 1 uaii81 i quotpier 130C iiiiiiiieri quotriser 130 JFEi39iiE i39i as K 2 SOURCE GEHTERS FDR DISEFISE GD HTRIZIL E F39RE39u39E HTIIZIN 0 Soda pop social institutions causes 0 East coast to call soda soda 0 NJ NY DE FL 0 Also CA 0 North coast to call soda pop 0 South coast to call soda coke coke 7 other Joshua Katz Department at Statistics NC State University Eiased en data from the Harvard Dialect Surveyr by Bert Vau it E Scdtt Gdider WHI 0 Vi ol ent G39i m interpersonal many people share same characteristics 0 above average in South Dakota Arizona New Mexico Indian reservations Texas drug Mississippi Alabama Louisiana Georgia North Carolina South Carolina Florida Poverty HH DD E IE L IHG Hf EHHNEEFIEUT High u ioham ErinquotIa 7 Ahwe average Average Eel aw average 0 Peter Berger 0 General in the particular suicide race and attitude towards death penalty education and gender gender and labor force status etc 0 Peter Berger asks us to look for general patterns in particular categories of people I EX organize people in different social statuses then look at patterns in those categories 0 Suicide is patterned by race suicide something seemingly so intimate and personal is actually patterned by race I Which of the following has the lowest suicide rates 0 African American females I Which group is less likely to commit suicide other than African American women 0 None of the above 0 White men are more than 12 times more likely than black women to commit suicide 25 Suicide Rate Men Both Women Men Both Women sexes sexes Whites African Americans 0 For suicide the gender disparity difference has been constant throughout the years 0 While looking at regions and suicides suicide is more prominent in the Midwest 0 These people are isolated from other people because their houses are more spread apart 0 In the Plains and Mountain regions and across the mountainous Appalachian region of the country population density is very low so people are more isolated This isolation contributes to a higher rate of suicide Q l1 I 11 L nounINoRTH MAINE MoNT A MINNEsoT VERMONT M HGAN NEW HAMPSHIRE SQUTH WISGQNSIN MASSACHUSETTS mm DAIlt T J mvoRK V A WY MNltG i RHODE ISLAND CONNECTICUT Z NEBRASKA HIO WWW NEW JERSEY INDIAN I 2 ILLINQIS DELAWARE GumAM IReI MARYLAND CALIEoRNIA W n MIssoURI W NoRTH 7 m CARoLINA ARIIVZANA oRLAHoMA ARKANSAS CESgJNA 31 O GEQRGIA Number of SUICIdes ALABAMA 39 per 100000 People meme Above average 140 or more quot Average 39 o I EWRIDA 100 to 139 v t HAWAII Below average 99 or fewer 0 Race and Attitude toward death penalty I Liberal and conservative White and black are around the same besides the category liberal and conservative 0 Black people are more liberal than White people 16 to 121 0 White people are more conservative than black people 176 to 11 I Death Penalty 0 More white people favor the death penalty than black people 727 to 468 0 More black people oppose the death penalty than white people 532 to 273 0 Education and gender I Overall there is only a small difference when looking at the level of education between men and women I Around 50 of both men and women end after high school I 15 of both sexes end up with a bachelor s degree 0 Gender and labor force status I You can still find remints of social institutions from the past when looking at full time work and housekeeping I More men work full time than women 52 to 394 I More women keep up with the housekeeping than men 177 to 35 I More women are working part time than men 135 to 89 O The suicide belt 0 9 states intermountain west top 10 suicide rates 0 60 to 80 higher than the rest of the other states 0 Montana Idaho Wyoming Colorado Utah Nevada New Mexico Arizona 0 What causes this I Is it environment something unique about it I People I Context 0 When looking at larger aggregates you see that they are separated from society 0 Racial disparities in suicide rates African American women and White Males 15 to 1 I Most privileged group is having the worst outcome 0 Gender disparities in suicide rates 355 more than females 0 C Wright Mills 0 Student loan debt public issue I Average student loan debt 32656 I Student loan debt has gone way way up 553 more I Many people today need a degree to obtain a job I Colleges are becoming more competitive to get in to I Students will have more debt then they will make in their jobs I Jobs that we get will require a college degree if we want a decent wage I Around 2040 of people get college degrees I In the past people did not get college degrees 0 Cost of college tuition public issue I Bl ack or African Aneri can have the highest student debt 27808 It s not AfricanAmerican students39 fault On average they39re spending the most hours each week working in a parttime or workstudy position while enrolled in school 217 hours a week Black or African American students have the lowest parental income 61803 0 History and biography public issue and private trouble the sociological imagination 0 In The Promise of Sociology Mills said The sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society That is its task and its promise the idea that the individual can understand his own experience and gauge his own fate only by locating himself within his period that he can know his own chances in life only by becoming aware of those of all individuals in his circumstances I Gauging our own fate by connecting to individuals around us 0 Sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society 0 Sociological imagination enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for inner life and the external career of a variety of individuals 0 Social analyst look at many factors I What is the structure of society I What time in history does it occur I Who are the successful men and women I Through conduct an character what kinds of human nature come about characteristics feelings and behavioral traits of humankind that is shared by all humans 0 Sociological imagination works between personal troubles and public issues 0 Troubles occur within the character of the individual and within the range of his immediate relations with others they have to do with his self and with those limited areas of social life of which he is directly and personally aware 0 Issues have to do with matters that transcend these local environments of the individual and the range of his inner life They have to do with organization of may such milieuX into the institutions of historical society as a while I People cherish values but no threat well being I People cherish values but do feel them to be threatened crisis I People neither aware of cherished values nor feel threatened by them indifference I People unaware of cherished values and feel threat uneasiness I uneasiness trouble indifference issue 0 George Ritzer public issues and private troubles 0 Credit card debt public issue I Average credit card debt 15 607 I 2010 dip in debt people had less debt because people started defaulting on their credit cards could not pay it during time of recessions ie could not pay them any longer 0 Who is to blame I Banks 0 Low interest rates offering home equity lines easy to obtain but big interest ratescan have more than one card 0 Introduce young people college and high school students to the credit card 0 A way to get people to save less and spend more I Businesses 0 Bulk of the responsibility 0 Manufacturing retailing advertising and marketing devote their working hours and a large portion of their energies to figuring out ways of getting people to buy things that they probably do not need and that many of then cannot afford 0 Use catalogs tv adds allow us to spend money easy and quickly without leaving our homes I Individual Responsibility 0 Blame for not saving enough 0 Medicalize problem blaming on conditions that the person has I Government 0 Spends a lot of money causing taxes to go up 0 If the government can seemingly go borrowing without facing the consequences of its debt why can t individuals 0 It does not encourage more savings and discourage individual debt 0 Earl Babbie wisdomsconundrums of sociology sui generis reciprocity autopoiesis O Wisdoms conundrums inherent problem 0 Sui generis like Durkheim you cannot understand society fully by understanding only individual human beings who constitute it society cannot be reduced to the level of its individuals I Example few people want war but war happens all the time many people want gun control but we don t have it women continue to earn only 60 percent as much as men in the US all pointing to the fact that the structure of society creates the statistics not the individual 0 Reciprocity reciprocal relationship between individual and society you are a product of society but you also reproduce it ie products and reproducers 1 cannot exist without the other I The point of intersection between you and society is the social status social position I sociogenetic O Autopoiesis how society is perpetually ongoing how it relates to itself ongoing because it recreates itself also known as selfrecreation I By following the norm wearing clothes to class creates the norm to wear clothes instantaneous and simultaneous 0 Joe Best 0 How statistics shape social issues 0 Mutant statistics questionable definitions inadequate measurement and bad samples 1 How does Babbie argue how your individual identity is sociogenetic gt Sociogenetic contributing to or affecting the course of social development gt The individual and society are inseperable a What is the direct link between you and society How does this link provide you with a social identity gt Social statuses or positions b How does the social status elucidate explain the reciprocal nature of the individual and society gt Reciprocity we are the product of society but we also reproduce it products and reproducers gt One cannot exist without the other 2 What are some of the most difficult conundrums in the field of sociology that we discussed a What does sui generis mean Do you agree with this idea gt You cannot look at the individual without looking at society b What is autopoiesis Can you provide an example gt Society recreates itself gt Example girls have long hair while boys have short hair gt Example following laws c Are the individual and society inseparable gt Yes 3 What was Durkheim s contribution to the sociological perspective gt He wants us to look at society to explain individual behaviors gt NOT look at individual to explain individual behaviors a How can we understand society as made up of social facts 4 Define society and how it is composed of social institutions gt Who you are is a function of what you are and what you are comes from some external source which is society 5 Think about your own experiences with credit cards and analyze them using Ritzer s paper a Do you think that student loans are the new public issue or private trouble Why gt I think that it is a public issue because many people all around the country are having trouble with student loan 6 How does Peter Berger encourage us to develop the sociological perspective Provide an example gt Peter Berger asks us to organize people into social statuses and in those categories look at the different patterns you can see example suicide is patterned by the social position race a What about Mills gt Mills asks us to use the sociological imagination He asks us to look at who you are as a product of the historical conditions of the society that you are a part of 7 Why does Best argue that statistical misinformation is so common Where do bad statistics come from and how are they mutated and compounded People take samples and assume those results based on the whole population Mutant statistics questionable definitions inadequate measurement and bad samples Mutate change or cause to change in form or nature Compounded combination of 2 things make something bad worse intensify the negative aspects of VVVV
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'