Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Fuson on Saturday January 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 50 views.
Reviews for POL 101
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/23/16
POL 101 Exam One 1. The Constitution can be amended by… a constitutional convention called for by 2/3rd of sate legislatures that results in an afﬁrmative vote by 3/4th of the states. 2. The provisions of the Fifth Amendment have all of the following components EXCEPT… the right to a speedy trial 3. Public ﬁgures who sue for libel must prove actual malice, which means that the defamatory statement was published with… the knowledge that it was false or with reckless disregard for whether it was false. 4. The 1992 presidential campaign of Ross Perot had which of the following effects? Both A & B; A. It forced both Democrats and Republicans to work together to reduce the national debt.; B. The campaign resulted in the national government devolving more authority to states to cut welfare spending and reduce dependency. 5. The Supreme Court`s decision in Powell v. Alabama (Scottsboro Boys Case)(1932) resulted in … the right to counsel in capital punishment cases. 6. The Constitution does NOT mention which of the following? local governments 7. In a number of exceptional circumstances, the U.S. Supreme Court has allowed illegally obtained evidence to be presented at trial. Most notable is the… good faith exception 8. The main source of revenue for local government is… property taxes 9. Police may enter a suspect`s house without a warrant in the situation of … hot pursuit 10. Block grants and revenue sharing were efforts to … reverse trends by allowing states and localities freedom to spend money as they wished. 11. The Supreme Court ruled that individuals who are arrested must be informed of their constitutional rights in… Miranda v. Arizona 12. In the 1995 case United States v. Lopez, the Supreme Court refused to connect or extend the scope of the commerce clause to… school restrictions on guns 13. In Near v. Minnesota (1931), the Supreme Court ruled that… prior restraints are forbidden unless they occur during wartime. 14. In order to be elected to the U.S. House, an individual must be ____ years of age. 25 15. The clause that ensures that judicial decrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another is called the _____ clause. full faith and credit 16. Under dual federalism, the Supreme Court invalidated the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act on the grounds that… All of the above; A. child labor was not commerce; B. the law violated the Tenth Amendment. C. Factory practices were under the realm of state authority. 17. The landmark case of McCullough v. Maryland (1803) determined that … the “necessary and proper clause” allowed for the creation of national bank. 18. All of the following are limitations that are imposed on Congress in the Constitution EXCEPT… no enslavement or servitude of individuals 19. In 1857, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were not citizens, but property, in the __ case. Dred Scott v. Sanford 20. The right of privacy stems from the idea that some areas of life are off-limits to government regulation. This right is inferred from the _____. Fourth; Ninth 21. All of the following were weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT the national government could declare war and make peace. 22. _____ is a form of propaganda achieved through providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaign to persuade public opinion. This obstacle to political thinking is why CNN News and Fox News had different interpretations of the cause(s) of the Baltimore riots. Political Spin 23. According to Patterson, all of the following were political traditions adopted during colonial period EXCEPT… minority rule 24. The Supreme Court outlawed the use of partial-birth abortions in… Gonzales v. Carhart (2007) 25. Which of the following statements is true regarding the voting behavior of members of Congress? On well-known issues, members of Congress act as delegates and vote according to what they know their constituents want. 26. Which of the following states allows voters to vote directly on a particular proposal? Kentucky 27. New Deal programs led to an era of federalism often referred to as ______. Cooperative federalism 28. When giving aid to religious organizations, government must make sure that … All of the above; A. the policy must have a nonreligious purpose.; B. its primary effect must be one that neither advance nor inhibits religion.; C. the policy must not foster an excessive government entanglement with religion. 29. Before the 17th Amendment was ratiﬁed, U.S. senators were… elected by state legislatures 30. In the case concerning the Affordable Care Act, the Supreme Court ruled that the monetary penalty for not being insured is a constitutional exercise of Congress`s ___ power. tax 31. _____ was the last of the thirteen colonies to ratify the Constitution. Rhode Island 32. The Supreme Court has upheld the following with regard to cruel and unusual punishment. None of the Above All have been banned by the Supreme Court: states can place strict caps on mental capacity using IQ scores, individuals can face the death penalty for non- homicide offenses, juveniles can be sentenced to death row. 33. In Federalist No. 10, Madison argues that which of the following is the most common source of factions? the unequal distribution of property 34. The deﬁnition of what is obscene and therefore not a form of protected speech… is left almost entirely up to localities 35. The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury is guaranteed by the _ amendment. Sixth 36. This document led to the compromise that created a bicameral legislature. The Connecticut (Great) Compromise 37. The current standard the Supreme Court uses for regulating speech is the ___ test. imminent lawless action 38. The statement that “local governments have only the power that states allow them” corresponds with … Dillon`s Rule 39. The Americans with Disibilites Act (ADA) requires states and local governments to provide equal access for the disabled. This is an example of a(n)… mandate 40. In Obergefell v. Hodges (2015), the Supreme Court upheld same-sex marriage the basis of which of following clauses? Both A and B; A. due process; B. Equal protection BONUS - Name two of the three authors of the Federalists Papers. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'