Political Systems 103 Finals Study Guide
Political Systems 103 Finals Study Guide PS103-740
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Dempsey Hankins on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PS103-740 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Kevin Sexton in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 956 views. For similar materials see U.S. Political Systems in Religious Studies at Southeast Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
The Founding Fathers developed the conceptional design of government that has come be known as the Madisonian Model to prevent one of the following Tyranny of the Majority. The U.S. government has the power to have a draft because: The Elastic Clause, the 18th Enumerated Power, and the Necessary and Proper Clause. Which of the following powers belong only to the States? Reserved Powers The principle of checks and balances is based on the notion that power must be used to offset power. Which of the following lists puts the Articles of the US Constitution in the correct order that they are addressed in the US Constitution? Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Amendments, Ratification The method of distributing funding to the state and local governments that is most preferred by the federal government is which of the following? Categorical Grants The enumerated powers in Article I of the Constitution define the powers of the Congress. There have been how many amendments to the U.S. Constitution? 27 The U.S. Constitution is the only constitution that the United States has had. False If you were to purchase something from an individual on the internet trading sight EBay you probably would not have to pay state sales tax because the internet is considered intra-state trade and therefore it is regulated by the federal government. False When local school districts accept money from the Federal government they transfer authority over the issue of education to the Federal government. False Implied powers are justified by the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. False When the Founding Fathers were writing the U.S. Constitution they all felt that it should very specifically address individual freedoms or civil liberties. False Most monarchies and oligarchies have which of the following in common? The leaders of these governments tend to maintain control because they have the power to do so. When creating the national government, the Articles of Confederation: Followed Thomas Hobbs’ concept of Concentration of Power. When Thomas Jefferson was writing the Declaration of Independence the audience(s) he was writing for was/were: The English Monarchy, The English Parliament, and The American Colonist What is the major difference between the beliefs of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke? Hobbes believed that power should be concentrated and Locke did not. The Connecticut Compromise created a Bi-cameral national legislature, was based partially on Equal Representation, and was based partially on the Large State Plan The U.S. Constitution originally called for the direct election of which of the following individuals? Individual members of the U.S. House of Representatives The Tenth Amendment addressed the concerns of Anti-Federalists about the powers of state governments. When the writers of the Constitution were attempting to accomplish the three major goals of the Madisonian Model they did which of the following? Made sure the voters would not be able to quickly gain control of the national government by staggering the terms and length of terms of national officials. The Mayflower Compact did which of the following: Established the idea of limited government as the standard for future European settlements in North America. Sovereignty refers to ultimate governing authority. The U.S. Constitution called for what to happen in 1808? The end of the importation of slaves Dillion's Rule states: The state governments create all local governments; therefore state governments are always supreme within their own state. McCullough v. Maryland dealt with which of the follow issues? The Elastic Clause and Supremacy Clause When Presidents Ford and Reagan attempted to pass down more power to the state and local government they were advocating for the concept of: Devolution The Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the US Constitution because which of the following? All of the above were concerns the Anti-Federalists had with the Constitution The idea that power should be shifted away from the federal government and back to the state governments was at the center of which of the following court cases? US v. Lopez Authority the right to do something. Power the ability to do something. Commerce Clause Janet Jackson’s wardrobe malfunction Coin Money power of both governments under the Articles Shay's Rebellion caused state leaders to get together and address Articles’ problems. Dual Federalism based on the concept of separate spheres of authority Democracy leaders maintain control because they have authority Cooperative Federalism began with FDR or Great Depression Oligarchy maintain control because they have power Majority group most feared by the writers of the Constitution. Taxation power shared by both state and national government under Constitution State Legislatures the group that originally decided who the US Senators would be Part 2 If President Clinton was attempting to prove libel or slander he would have to prove that the statement was false, that the statement caused harm, that adequate research into the truthfulness of the statement was not conducted AND which of the following: That the statement was made with the intent to do harm. Polling is often used by elected officials because, if done correctly, it is the only way to determine with 100% accuracy, how the public feels about a given issue. False If a religious organization applies for funds from the federal government: They have to prove that the funds will be used for non-religious purposes. In which of the following situations would it be expected that the Supreme Court would rule that the government violated the religious freedoms of a(n) individual or group? A church is not allowed to use Redwood when building a new sanctuary because the city passed a law outlawing the use of Redwood in church building projects. According to your instructor the civil rights movement has shifted from a fight for equal opportunity to a fight for equal outcome. Based on that assumption, which of the following statements would be most accurate? Equal opportunities were being addressed when de jure discrimination was outlawed, and equal outcomes are greatly affected by de facto discrimination. Which of the following statements about the SMSP electoral system is true? The SMSP system is based on the winner take all concept . According to the U.S. Supreme court, which of the following is the primary factor in determining if material is obscene or not? The local community has deemed the material obscene. When the state is allowed to discriminate based on the age of individual, that action has passed which of the following tests? Reasonable Basis Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution led to the process of “ selective incorporation? 14 De Jure discrimination has been addressed primarily by passing laws outlawing it, while de facto discrimination is harder to address by simply passing a law. In class we discussed the use of government programs such as forced bussing and community-based schools. Both of these programs are designed to overcome the problems associated with: de facto segregation If the courts determine that I have a freedom from a given government action, that that freedom would be considered a: civil liberty According to class discussion, the federal government should shoulder most of the blame for the continued discrimination against blacks in the United States because of the "separate but equal" ruling as well as which of the following US Supreme Court rulings: state action doctrine The absorption of certain provisions of the Bill of Rights into the Fourteenth Amendment so that these rights are protected from infringements by the state governments is called: selective incorporation Which of the following is correct with regard to obscenity and the law? Obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment. According to your professor and class discussions, the focus of civil liberties is the _____ and the focus of civil rights is the _____. individual; group Culminating in an historic victory in 1954, black activists in the early twentieth century generally pursued civil rights through court action. Which of the following modern-day american groups most closely match the beliefs of classic liberalism? Libertarians In the United States most elections are conducted using which of the following ELECTORAL SYSTEMS? SMSP Strict Scrutiny Test is applied when race is involved. Intermediate Scrutiny Test is applied when gender is involved. In order for a sample to be considered truly random which of the following must be true? All members of the population must have an equal chance of being selected to be asked the questions. The US HOR has all of its members run for reelection ever two years. The Supreme Court has ruled that local communities will define what they classify as obscene material; therefore some obscene material is legal. False Most elected officials in the United States tend to be pretty strong ideologues. Which type of voting do most Americans use today? Retrospective Voting It is unconstitutional for any level of government to limit any actions that are conducted as part of a religious ceremony. False The type of primary that is used in Missouri, which allows voters the choice of which party primary to vote in. Open Part 3 How is the winner of the Presidential Election determined if no candidate receives a majority of the votes in the Electoral College? The House splits the tie. The term gerrymander refers to: The extensive manipulation of the shape of a legislative district to benefit a certain incumbent or party. Congressional override of a presidential veto: 2/3 in each house of Congress An earmark is: An amendment made to a bill that is usually unrelated to the main issue addressed by the bill, which is designed to allow members of Congress to direct funding to his/her district or state. Which of the following statements about the SMSP electoral system is true? It’s based on the winner-takes-all concept Since there are currently 535 members of Congress there are also 535 members in the Electoral College. False Which of the following statements are accurate when describing the differences between the Republican and Democratic Presidential Primary processes? The Republicans use less delegates at their national convention and usually use the winner take all process when assigning a states delegates Paul Ryan is next in line to become president after the vice-president. The US Constitution was amended so that any single person can only serve as president for a maximum of: 10 years At which point in the legislative process is mark-up conducted? Sub committee Which of the following committees are ALWAYS joint committees? conference committees How often can a state gain or loose electoral votes? Every ten years with the census. Standing Committees are called so because: They exist from one Congress to the next, unless they are explicitly disbanded. Which of the following actions would the president most likely take at the very end of his term in office? Issue a pardon If a bill fails because of a pocket veto it means: Congress adjourned before ten days elapsed after sending a bill to the president, and the president metaphorically stuck in a pocket and forgot about it. Paul Ryan is the Constitutional Leader of the United States House of Representatives and Joe Biden is the Constitutional Leader of the US Senate Which president had the power of line item veto? Clinton Candidate-centered elections have led to more split-ticket voting. Impeachment is a process that has most commonly been used against the President of the United States. False ALL presidential appointments must be confirmed by the US Senate. False A ___________________ is used in the United States House of Representatives to accomplish the same thing that a ____________________ accomplishes in the United States Senate. rules committee / unanimous consent agreement What do we call the political leaders in Congress that encourage party members to stand together on key issues. Whips What will happen if there is a piece of legislation in the United States Senate and 50 senators vote for it and 50 senators vote against it? Vice President splits the tie. The lowest level of the federal court system is: For the most part, the only level at which a verdict is issued. What is the ultimate goal of the federal court system? To ensure due process The level of proof that must be proven in a civil court is: A preponderance of the evidence. How many Supreme Court justices must decide to hear a case before it is put on the Courts docket. 4 The following level(s) of the federal court system have original jurisdiction? District & Supreme Correct Which of the following court cases clearly established the Supreme Courts power of judicial review? Marbury v. Madison. When an individual appeals to the US Supreme Court that person is basically saying: That their due process has been violated and they should be given a new trial.
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