×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Penn State - HDFS 129 - Study Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Penn State - HDFS 129 - Study Guide

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

PENN STATE / HHD / HHD 129 / human development and family studies (HDFS) relates to what?

human development and family studies (HDFS) relates to what?

human development and family studies (HDFS) relates to what?

Description

School: Pennsylvania State University
Department: HHD
Course: Intro to HDFS
Professor: Molly countermine
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: HDFS
Cost: 50
Name: HDFS study Guide 1
Description: for the first exam on Thursday, 1/28 not included: 1/26 notes
Uploaded: 01/24/2016
5 Pages 7 Views 5 Unlocks
Reviews


HDFS study guide: Exam 1


human development and family studies (HDFS) relates to what?



Basis of the study of human development and family  studies

∙ The study of human development and family studies (HDFS) is  interdisciplinary

o HDFS relates to:

 Psychology

 Sociology

 Biology

 Kinesiology

 Nutrition

 Anthropology

∙ The study of human development: the goal is to discover the  similarities/differences between individuals as they develop  throughout their life

∙ Crucial to look at patterns and the influence of context ∙ The Life Span Perspective

∙ Development = lifelong process

o Each stage has it’s own particular tasks

o Development is best understood in context of entire  lifespan

∙ Plasticity- “the degree to which characteristics can/cannot  change throughout the lifespan”

∙ Historical context/chronological time


what is the The study of human development?



o We must view development in “terms of the time during  which one lived”

o Individuals are affected by events/improvements that  happen during our life

∙ Contextualism- we must study development in various contexts o Family, siblings, peers, school, work, community, culture,  SES If you want to learn more check out among the stated objectives of the national collegiate athletic association (ncaa) regulations is to

o Reciprocal influence- “development is an ongoing  

interaction between a changing individual in a  

changing environment”

∙ Multidimensionality- many intra-individual factors interact to  affect development

∙ Multidisciplinary- HD study involves collaboration across  various fields of study (AKA interdisciplinary)

Concepts & Controversies

Nature v. NurtureIf you want to learn more check out lnq chemistry

Big 5 traits

HDFS study guide: Exam 1

∙ Nature- emphasizes the influence of heredity/biologically based  predispositions

o Temperament, IQ, race, height, weight, reflexes, basic  needs


what is Plasticity?



∙ Nurture- emphasizes influence of forces in environment o Prenatal condition, parenting, life experiences, nutrition,  medical care, community, culture

∙ Jim Twins

o Separated at the age of 4 weeks Don't forget about the age old question of christine's notes

o Reunited at 39

o Had incredible similarities

 Wives had same names

 Married same number of times We also discuss several other topics like the cells that produce testosterone in the testis are called ________.
We also discuss several other topics like ibp advertising

 Both prone to nail biting

 Both smoked Salem cigarettes

 Drove same type of car

o Proof that nature plays a huge role

o Very similar, but very different in appearance (even though they’re identical)

o Example of the effects of nurture

o Faces looked different

 Could be a result of habits, or happiness

o Different height

 Could be a result of the nutrition they received If you want to learn more check out asb 222 exam 2

∙ Traits with substantial genetic predisposition:

o Intelligence- IQ (you can’t become much smarter than  you’re destined to be)

o Verbal ability

o Vocational interest (career)

o Scholastic achievement- grades, degrees (correlated w/IQ) o Memory

o Extroversion/introversion

o Neuroticism

o Openness (ability to adapt)

o Conscientiousness (how you think about other people/  doing the right things)

o Agreeableness  

∙ Disorders that have a substantial genetic predisposition: o Depression

o Anxiety

o Alzheimer’s disease

o Schizophrenia

o Autism

o Alcoholism

 All addiction really (anything that releases dopamine)

HDFS study guide: Exam 1

∙ “The environment modifies or enhances traits to which we are  predisposed.”

o Overlap from inheritance and experience when a child is  raised by the biological parents

Stability v. Change

∙ Ideas in question:

o Personality stability over time

o The extent of which early experiences set the life path of  individuals

o The ability to predict later development from early  development  

o The easiness/difficulty of changing as we get older o Reciprocal influence- each individual influences and is  influenced by other individuals in his/her environment o Just because you’re susceptible to something doesn’t mean  something is inevitable

o Susceptibility ≠ inevitability

Scientific Inquiry: studying human development o Goals of scientific investigation:

o Description- average trends

o Explanation- why do we develop the way we do?

o Optimization- how can we help people develop is a positive direction?

o The Cycle of Science

Observatio

ns

Support theory or modify theory

Systematic

observation

Theory

Hypothese s

o Theory- set of assumptions that attempt to describe, predict, or  explain a phenomenon

HDFS study guide: Exam 1

Hypothesis- proposed explanation to a phenomenon; can be  tested to determine accuracy

Correlational Research

o Goal: describe strength and direction of the relationship between 2 variables

o The result of this research is a correlation coefficient ranging  from -1.00 to +1.00

o Strength is represented by the number

o The bigger the number, the stronger the correlation

o Direction is represented by the sign

o (+), Variables move in same direction

o (-), Variables move in opposite direction

o Used to predict one variable from another BUT

o Correlation ≠ causation

o Could be a 3rd party variable driving the correlation o Research question: is there a relationship between X and Y? o Is there a relationship between desired level of intimacy in  friendships and gender of an individual?

o Must operationalize the concepts: gender and intimacy o Where it gets messy…

 Are we measuring intimacy? …Depends on your own  definition

 Are we really measuring gender or affects of gender  socialization?

o In research, it is necessary to consider not only obvious  explanations, but also alternative explanations and how  concepts are operationalized.

Developmental Designs

o Developmental designs- relationship between age of subjects  and another variable

o Cross-sectional design- individuals of different ages are  compared on a particular variable at one period in time o Demonstrates age difference

 Ex.) People of different ages use technology  

differently

o Advantages- saves time and money

o Disadvantages- cohort effects; results may be due to  subjects’ membership in a particular generation, rather  than a developmental process

o Longitudinal design- same individual is studied over an extended  period of time

HDFS study guide: Exam 1

o Demonstrates age changes

 Ex.) Do people use technology differently as they  

age?

o Advantages- truly studies developmental change

o Disadvantages- time consuming and expensive; risk of  losing participant (attrition); only studying 1 cohort; cohort  effect- can’t necessarily generalize results to another  cohort

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here