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UM / Sociology / SOC 101 / Differentiate between agency and structure.

Differentiate between agency and structure.

Differentiate between agency and structure.

Description

School: University of Miami
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: sociology
Cost: 25
Name: SOC 101: Notes for Weeks 1 and 2
Description: The stars are things she said will for sure be on the test. Enjoy!
Uploaded: 01/24/2016
3 Pages 185 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews

Warren Parisian (Rating: )

What an unbelievable resource! I probably needed course on how to decipher my own handwriting, but not anymore...



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"}ol.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-5 0}.lst-kix_th21m8dtuqi-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sngjp1s0u6md-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sngjp1s0u6md-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_esj31h2mz3lk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_esj31h2mz3lk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_esj31h2mz3lk-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_28forwbgnvy3-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-6 0}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tviz2qm530fs-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x21ltzwdvjj-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h32ux6uz3dsb-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-8}.lst-kix_9ccn706ugsa0-7 > li:before{content:"- 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"}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_yql5y4lhxs9t-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_yql5y4lhxs9t-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_8ooc33t22cba-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8ooc33t22cba-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_mk3p2l4hjspn-8,lower-roman) ". 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Sociology 101Don't forget about the age old question of What is dependent variable?

Chapter 1

Sociology: the study of the interaction between people and society

  • Individuals impact society the same way society impacts environment

How?

  • Technology:
  • exposes us to more information
  • Lack of communication
  • The way we communicate
  • People:
  • Influence trends etc (vice versa)
  • Attention to dynamic of situations
  • Demographics etc
  • Social embeddedness:
  • Idea that economic, politic, and other form
  • Human behavior are fundamentally shaped by social relationships
  • Sociological imagination:
  • (C. Wright Mills) the ability to understand the relationship between individual lives and larger social forces that shape them

Personal problems (micro) vs. Public issues (macro)Don't forget about the age old question of Describe a typical neuron at rest.

Paying for school                        access to education

Find a job                                unemployment

Losing weight                                obesityWe also discuss several other topics like Lecture 1: What is Science?

Social imagination connects them

Intersection of biography and history

  • Personal (micro)
  • Social context and location (macro)

Agency (micro) vs. structure (macro)We also discuss several other topics like psych lab 101

Agency: the ability of individuals to exercise freewill to make social change (example - get dressed, attend class etc)

Structure: the patterned social arrangements that have an effect on agency (example - points for attendance, getting arrested etc)

If you want to learn more check out What is a theory that explains why the periodic trends in the properties exist?

4 movements - Sociology

  1. Scientific revolution
  • Move away from church ‘facts - Religion’
  • Positivism: knowledge based off of scientific facts and reasoning
  1. Enlightenment
  • Equal rights to people, freedoms, egalitarian society
  1. Industrial Revolution
  • Mass production and technology
  • First invention: cotton gin
  1. Urbanization
  • People leaving rural areas to go to more prosperous cities

Pros:

  • Economy
  • Education

        Cons:

  • Sanitation
  • Crime
  • Pollution
  • Increase inequality

First thinkers of Sociology

  • Auguste comte (1798 - 1857)
  • Coined the term ‘sociology! Supported positivism
  • Social statics: something that keeps society together (holds) (example: education, religious)
  • Social dynamics: social change (example: accessibility to education)
  • Emile Durkheim ‘father of Sociology’ (1858 - 1917)
  • First person to analyze social world
  • Social facts: qualities of groups that are external to individual members yet constrain their thinking and behavior
  • Social context: ‘how the macro affects the micro’
  • Durkheim
  • Social facts
  • Solidarity: bonds that hold a group together
  • Mechanical: held together based of similarities with shared language, cultural beliefs
  • Mechanical solidarity (example - native tribes)
  • Division of Labor - age, gender (limited)
  • Organic solidarity: a society in which the bonds are based on mutual dependents
  • Division of Labor - age, gender, credentials, skills, expertise (complex)
  • Social norms: accepted social behaviors (example - wearing clothes)
  • Breaking a social norm - deviance
  • Karl Marxism: (socialism / communism): wrote commusist manifesto
  • Historical materialism
  • Economics of society established (example - Feudalism)

Slavery - master - slaves 2If you want to learn more check out What is atomic explosion?

Capitalism - boss 1 - workers 2

Feudalism - lord 1 serfs 2

Exploitation of people

Owner = bourgeoisie

Workers = proletarians

  • Marx wrote the communist manifesto to end the inequality
  • When people are workers, they rose creativity sense of self, humanity
  • Creation of unions
  • Communist manifesto about destruction of exploitation

Max Weber

  • Verstenen: interpretive understanding of the social world by looking at how people perceive and interpret a situation
  • Bureaucracies: highly formal organization with written rules and a hierarchy intended to promote efficiency
  • Not good because you lose creativity
  • Weber - Durkheim - Marx - Classical Theorists
  • Contemporary

Modern American Theorists

  • Robert Merton
  • Functions (everything in society serves a function
  • Manifest: intended purpose of something
  • Latent: all additional by products, benefits
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