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Study Guide Chapter 2

by: Megan Kauffeld

Study Guide Chapter 2 EDF 3020

Megan Kauffeld
Educational Psychology
Meihua Qian

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About this Document

Information Processing Theory
Educational Psychology
Meihua Qian
Study Guide
educational psychology
50 ?




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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Kauffeld on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EDF 3020 at Clemson University taught by Meihua Qian in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Educational Psychology in Education and Teacher Studies at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 01/24/16
Study Guide Sunday January 242016 329 PM The Information Processing Theory how we process information Information Processing Theory Perception Attention Working mg Long Memory Term Memory Retrieval L L 3 y 0 Check out this video from Khan Academy about Information Processing Theory there is some extra information but this will help to remember httpswwwkhanacademvorgsciencehealthandmedicineexecutive svstemsofthebrainmemorv20140327T18z40229837Zvinformation processingmodelsensorvworkingandlongtermmemorv Seven quotstepsquot 0 Sensory Registers Attention Perception Working Memory Encoding Long Term Memory 0 Retrieval Sensory Registers think 5 scenes and registe rquick short 0 The repository memory forsensory scenes input OOOOO See Hear Taste Smell Touch o For this I think Sensory Scenery and in art a scenery can go on forever and ever therefore it is infinitely big 0 Last unless further processed o For this I think register you normally register things pretty quickly 0 You can also think ofa cash register as being fast like when the clerk goes to get money out and it pops open pretty fast Attention Sarah ls Moving Past Elk In November 0 The process of selecting information from the sensory registers forfurther processing 0 We select information by what attracts our attention 0 00000 OOOOO O 0 Sarah s Moving Past Elk n Novemberis a mnemonic to remember the 7 ways things attract our attention Perception past 0 Giving meaning to what you pay attention to Affected by Hardwiring Working Memory Work to remember short term memory Conscious thought processing space Ipieces of information at a time Chunking technique think phone number 1234567890 Lasts Maintenance Rehearsalgt how to get information to quotstickquot 0 Multitasking 0 Switch back and forth between tasks 0 Waste of time University of Mich Study to solve math and identify Shapes tOOK bUVo more tIme tnan domg tnem one at a tIme ltautomaucgt o Practicing until it takes up less processing space Cognitive Load 1 Load processing construction and automaticity 2 Load The inherent difficulty associated with instructional materials and required prior knowledge 3 Load Generated by the manner in which information is presented to learners The quotdesignquot ofthe instructional material ANDquototherquot things on the student39s mind Imposed by the manner in which information is presented to learners Imposed by the learning task Devoted to processing information constructing amp automating schemas Long Term Memory 0 Capachy 0 Duration o Forgetting I Decay 39 Interference 39 Failure to retrieve 0 Types of Long Term Memory 0 Encoding storinginformation I knowledge Memories which can be consciously recalled facts knowledge and experiences III facts rules strategies III events or personal experiences II III IIJ I LI knowneoge knowneoge governing or now to 00 tnings 39 knowledge knowledge of ourcognitive processing capabilities Awareness of those processes inaction Schema A schema is a set of information can be both semantic and episodic that includes Acts as a guide for what to expect prediction for making decisions and problem solving Piaget develop mentalist said we are HARDWIRED to create schemata Continually changing 0 category dogscolie beagle poodle o dog cat cow horse integrated into the concept of quotmammalquot o The ability to generalize from past experiences to present situations 0 I Assimilation using an exiting schema 39 Accommodation addingto an existing schema creating a new schema o Episodic schema is a script wedding Selfconstructed Theoriesuses Explicit knowledge 0 General understanding and belief systems that help us make sense of the world 0 Often combine many schemata 0 Used to make predictions and solve problems Enhancing Encoding into LongTerm Memory 0 39 Hooking to prior knowledge 39 The more hooks the better 0 39 Making connections among the various pieces of new information I Very helpful if the organization is known ahead oftime III Ex Concept maps Outlines Frames Tables 0 39 Pairvisualassociations 39 Pegwords O 39 Adding additional ideas to new information based on what one already knows I I nnmnvnIInnl ll IVICIIIUI y LUUI Analogies Mnemonics Factors Effecting Retrieval o Retrieval cues 0 Multiple connectionsmeaning o Frequent use of knowledge 0 Automaticity requires practice 0 We retrieve reconstruction Forgetting 0 Failure to retrieve Reconstruction error Interference Decay Failure to store Confirmation bias 39 We tend to pay attention to and remember that which supports what we think is true and ignore evidence to the contrary OOOO


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