POL 202 Questions for quizzes
POL 202 Questions for quizzes POL 202
Popular in Introduction To Comparative Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bailey Souaid on Sunday January 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POL 202 at University of Miami taught by Elton Skendaj in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Introduction To Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 01/24/16
The difference between comparative politics and internal relations can best be described 0 The study of comparative politics involves comparing domestic political institutions processes and politics in different countries Whereas the study of international relations involves examining the foreign policy of and interactions among different countries In comparative politics the term states refers to the 0 key political institutions in a country Classifying states according to their level of democracy is an example of O typology What is the best measure of development in terms of how it captures the real quality of life in a country 0 B Human developmental Index wanted to come up with alternative mesaure and unsatis ed with the measure since GDP doesn39t tell you about the distribution of the wealth and state of care etc Karl and Schmitter argue that for democracy to work there are certain principles that must be respected one of these can be termed the rule of law What best describes the rule of law 0 A All citizens regardless of their political viewpoints are treated equally under law The argument quotIslamic countries cannot be democratic because their citizens are not tolerant and lack participatory norms refers to a 0 Cultural condition What is the relationship between civic culture trust tolerance and participatory norms and decomcracy 0 Civic culture can sustain democracy nit does not cause democracy Which of the following is an example of economic modernization that took place in Balgat between 1950 and 1954 0 People moved from undertaking subsitence agriculture to becoming factory workers earning paychecks Using world Bank indicators for GDP per capita rank these countries in terms of modernization from high to low El salvador lndia Kenya Denmark Macedonia 0 Denmark Macedonia El Salvador India Kenva Using Freedom House indicators for political rights and civil libertiers Freedom in the World data rank these countries in terms of their democratization from high to low El Salvador lndia Kenya Denmark Macedonia 0 Denmark El Salvador India Macedonia Kenva Liberals believe that the key actors are social classes aTrue bFalse Nationalists believe that the goal of economic life should be increasing individual citizens39 personal wellbeing aTu re bFalse Marsists favor free trade with other capitalist countries because they believe it is in the interest of the bourgeoisie and will harm the proletariat ATu re bFlase Great Britains position as an island has made it less subject to invasion and conquest It has also had the added effect of Causing Great Britain to practice isolationsism for much of its history Causing Great Brtain to develop an advanced space program due to its geographical bene ts for space shuttle and rocket launches Causing Great Britain to seek closer relatins with mainland europe to acoid being isolated Making great britain one of the strongwest supporters of a more powerful european union to avoid more wars with mainland countries germany would t this The Magna Carta was a document that 2 Eliminated the monarchy in Great Braitain Uni ed the Scottish and English crowns happened in 1707 when James the 6 became Jame the 1st Established norman rule throughout the Brithish lses Created Great Britain39s current constitution establishing a prime minister parliament and the current legal system great britian does not have a written constitution Two factors that made the uni cation of Germany prior to 1806 dif cult were 1 Uncertain geographic boundaries and the loack of a cohesive German cultural identity I 3 Religious diversity and constant European con ict 4 The lack of a cohesive German cultural identity and religious division 9quot Uncertain geographic boundaries and the lack of a powerful leader there were a lot of competing leaders here The individual who led the uni cation of Germany through a quotrevolution from above quot was 1 Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to conquer Germany 2 Kaiser Wilhel 3 Freidrich Engles 4 5 Adolf Hitler The Second Reich was characterized by had a state that was not really democratic Bismark and the nobility connected with industralist The industrialized said needed to be coordinated so the state decided to industrialized and saw how modernized the industrialized Britain was Basically coordinated with industrialist and landed nobility so now even the medium level industrialists could count on the state to nd market loans raise tarriffs etc 1 Persecution of the Jews by the time hitler came the jews had integrated into germany and felt german which was hard on them 2 Strong support for democratic governance 3 Government acceptance of the socialist ideas of Marx and Engels 4 5 An authoritarian regime persecution of minorities and rapid industrialization Adolf Hitler came to power as chancelor throuoh a revolution led by the National Socialist Partv 1 True 2 he was appointed he didn39t win THROUGH REVOLUTION 1All of the following are truwe of Great Britain39s constitution EXCEPT that it 1 Is not a single formal written document 3 Is a combination of state law common law convention and authoritative interpretation 4 Dates back to the 17th century 5 All of these are true of Great Britains constitution 2n great Britain the prime minister and judiciary cannot overturn Parliament39s acUons 39 I 2 False the assumption is that once they pass the law neither the prime minister or the judiciary can veto 3The prime minister is 1 Elected by the House of Commons N 3 Directly elected by majority vote of the whole electorate 4 Determined after a general election by an electoral college on the basis of votes cast by electors representing England Scotland 4Memebers of the cabinet are 1 2 Chosen by the prime minster but limited to the members of the governing party and have limited responsibility 3 Chosen by the prime minister but limited to members of the house and commons and are mainly an advisory board 4 Chosen by the prime minister to re ect a balance between parliamententaries and in uential civic and business leaders and are not utilized with any frequency 5 Elected on the same ballot with the prime minister and practice collective responsibility Megan Tatcher and Tony Blair were kicked out by their own party because they felt that they were leading on their own and it was not a collective decision making 5Trade Unions make up a large part of Conservative party membership 1 True 2 False 6Devolution has 1 Led to the created of a federal state within the United Kingdom 2 Had little impact upon the Uks unitary state 3 Been constrained by the UK39s participation within the EU 4 5 Been recently reversed by legislation passed by the current coalition government Scottland because its own parliament has more decision making so Scotland on average has more social spending for education and wealth England is sayng not cool and the Welsh are asking for more centralization because if giving to Scotts why not us In order to obtain seats in the German lower house a party must receive a minimum of percent of popular votes 1 One 2 Three 4 Seven Ten 9quot The exectuive in germany is A dual one with a chancellor eho chooses a president A dual one with most powers given to the president and a mainly ceremonial position of chancellor A dual one consisting of a chancellor and a monarch who serves only a ceremonial role A dual one with a chancellor chosen by a monarch The secret police in East Germany is known as the KGB Betriebsrate Krankenhassen Fa ktion The german electoral system is best described as A single member district system Proportional representation A series of refurrenda Authoritarian Germany is called a because of the important role political parties play in shaping state policies Party oligarchy Party federtion Party republic Party commonwealth Voter Turnout in federal German election average between 4050 2 5060 3 6070 4 3040 5 The christian Democrats are a far right party that seek to turn Germany into a Christian Theocracy aTrue The social democratic party is a promarket right of center party atrue Given the question about representation and fairness that single member plurality raises the Liberal Democrats in Britain has forced the coalition goernment to consider changing the electoral system to 1 Proportional representation 2 A winner take all electoral system 3 Multi member districts 4 A majorita rian system A mixed member system in Germany means that Citizens generally vote based on the personality of the candidated Numerous parties generally win seats in the Bundestag making it dif cult to form coalitions Due to the generally low turnout well known personalities have an advantage The electoral system favors weak and decentralized parties As an approach to economic and social policy I the UK Kenyesianism is based on 1 Th enotion of low debt low de cit and low in ation 2 De cit reduction as the necessary precondition for maintiaing economic stability 3 The belief that a balanced budget is necessary to achieve a stable economy and full employment 4 All of the following are true of monetarism except that it Re ected a radical change from the post war consensus regarding economic management Signaled a rejection ofJeynesian economics Assumed that ther eis a natural rate of unemployment set by the market Indicated that govenrment should intervene in the economy oly by manipulating the money supply to keep in ation low Social policy in the UK today Offers greater comprehensive services in comparison to its european this is false Focuses on training and broader social investments Promotes fam friendly policies ot help women balance work and fam resp fa5e chronic undersuppy of child care Emphasizes efficiencies to break welfare dependency The German economy before 1945 could best be characterized as a laissesfaire economy free market economy the state doesn39t interfere Buid so that Germany can catch up Command economy with all economic decisions made by the government Feudal agrarian economy Centralled controlled economy that focused on service industries The social market economy in Germany is 1 A sharp con ict between socialism and capitalism 3 A democratic socialist economic program 4 The economic program of the former east Germany 5 A central command economy Democratic corporatism refers to the the xistence of a signi cant number of representatices from Germanys business associations within its legislature Germnays attempt to emulate corporat structures and practices within it bureaucracy The participation of representatives from Germany semipublic institutions within the cabinet The activites of the quasi govenrmental organizations The average German worker recieves weeks of paid vaction per year two Four Eight 5 Ten A term special relationship in Britain refers to 1 The relationship between th emonarchy and the parliament 2 The relationship between great britain and the Eu 3 4 British politicians habit of keeping mistresses Until 1999 when the SPD Green government liberalized citizenship requirements German citizenship was based on 1 based on birth from blood 2 Knowledge of the German Language 3 Religion 4 Naturalization 5 Place of birth An underlying frustrations that Europeans hae with Germany is its 1 Refusal to abide by EU environmental standards 2 Recent rejection of the Lisbon Treaty 3 Refusal to participate in all european military force 4 5 Resusal to partipate in the euro zone
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