HIS 155 Exam 1 Study Guide
HIS 155 Exam 1 Study Guide His 155
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Monday January 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to His 155 at La Salle University taught by George W. Boudreau in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Themes in American History in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 01/25/16
HIS 155 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Topics Columbian Exchange began after Columbus discovery around 1492 refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the new and old world widespread exchange of plants animals diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life one of the most significant events in world of ecology agriculture and culture Trading Post Colonies Jamestown Go there make money go home spend money repeat Bring home gold and silver Joint Stock Companies Virginia company Massachusetts Bay Company Stock holders buying shares Shares are suppose to stay in London One of foundations for colonization A way to profit in the new world a business entity where different stocks can be bought and owned by shareholders stock was sold to high newworth investors who provided capital and had limited risk Staple Crop Economies one crop economy ie tobacco and sugar grow surpluses of resource to sell it back to mother country to distribute to other colonies and make a profit The Restoration of 1660 KC2 was to assume the throne Charles 1 was executed and beheaded by Cromwell Charles 2 was proclaimed king went to Scotland to raise army He invaded England but defeated by Cromwell in 1660 monarchy was restored the kingdoms of England Ireland and Scotland in KC2 Settler Colonies land is key resource go there make a home and never come back came after trading post colonies Puritans thought they were losing their religion Proprietary Colonies a type of British colony in North America in 17th century British empire all land belonged to king and it was his prerogative to divide Philadelphia is the best Needs a proprietor one person or one group of people Quick easy way for the monarch to put people where they don t want to settle Mercantilism economic theory role of the government to protect economy requires close relationship between colony and mother country demands single crop that will feed mother country England established the colonies to provide raw materials for them the colonies received manufactured goods in return Puritanism religious reform movement emerged within the Church of England mid 16th century coming to America for religious freedom rise came with the Age of Enlightenment Pilgrims want to separate from church vs puritans want to purify it to make it better Calvinism major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin Great Awakening 1740 most important event in American religion Angelical religion was a series of emotional religious revivals that spread across American colonies Some argue it s the beginning of America starting its own nation Anglicization 1760 Americans want the same rights as English Wanted to be just like English citizens Rubber band the longer you stretch them apart and keep them apart eventually they will come back together New France Englishman to French 121 Trading post colony French Catholic colony in Canada fur trade hats Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which Africans were shipped to New World as part of Atlantic slave trade ships left Europe with manufactured goods who traded for purchases or kidnapped Africans who were then transported across Atlantic as slaves slaves were then sold or traded for raw materials which would be transported back to Europe to complete triangle Enumerated Goods certain specified goods from Colonies tobacco cotton sugar and furs which were to be shipped only to England made sense in tax on them Empire of Goods Timothy Breene Empire was held together by what you bought and sold Goods bounced from colony to colony back to mother country Worked tremendously well until England started taxing goods Themes King Philip s War 16751676 last effort by Native Americans to drive out English settlers led by Metacom Indians called King Phillip in a bloody uprising bloodiest war destroyed 12 frontier towns war ended once Metacom was captured and beheaded devastated the population of Indians Pushed the line of settlement back One of foundations of unredeemed captive Bacon s Rebellion 1676 armed rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley Bacon and backcountry farmers attacked Native Americans in an attempt to gain more land Rebellion did not succeed in driving out Native Americans but did result in Berkeley being recalled to England Impact the change from indentured servants to slavery Glorious Revolution 1688 purpose was to overthrow K 2 of England bloodless overthrow of K 2 that ended the Dominion and established William and Mary as the new leaders importance destroy any chance that England would have an absolute monarchy It ensured that England would have constitutional monarchy where Parliament had majority of power Hanoverian Succession King George 1 1714 exerts the right that people in Parliament can choose their ruler never had to behead or kill another ruler since Salem Witchcraft Trials Salem Town Feb 1692May 1693 a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft result was execution of 20 people mostly women who said the devil came to them Sugar Act 1763 passed by British Parliament modified version of SugarMolasses Act which was about to expire reduced the rate of tax on molasses from six to three pence per gallon also listen more foreign goods to be taxed sugar wines coffee calico enforced tax caused decline in rum industry which disrupted colonial economy by reducing markets set the stage for the revolt at imposition of Stamp Act Stamp Act 1765 passed by British Parliament imposed a tax on colonies on all printed paper ie ship papers legal documents licenses newspapers playing cards money collected was used to help pay the costs of defending and protecting American frontier Boston Massacre 1770 street fight between a patriot and British soldiers killing 5 colonists culmination of tension in colonies since soldiers first appeared in MA to enforce tax burdens riot began when 50 citizens attacked British sentinel town meeting demanded removal of British and trial of Captain of British for murder of men signal event leading to Revolutionary War led to Royal Governor evacuating army from Boston Boston Tea Party 1773 political protest by the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as American Indians they boarded ships and threw chests of tea sent from East India into the Boston Harbor ruining the tea in defiance of the Tea Act British government responded harshly which escalated into the American Revolution no taxation without representation Continental Congresses 17 74 17 89 convention of delegates from 13 colonies served as the government first met in 1774 in reaction to British imposing Coercive Acts second meeting in 1775 after Revolutionary War had already begun third meeting in 1776 to declare America s independence from Britain lead to the approval of the Declaration of Independence written by Jefferson alone Declaration of Independence was long list of things that the King has done to the colonies which was actual reason why Revolution was happening Jefferson was attorney of the colonies suing on behalf of the colonies against KG3 whowhatwhenwherewhy important
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