Popular in Biology II
Popular in Biology
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Laster on Monday January 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 1144 at Mississippi State University taught by Thomas Holder in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 225 views. For similar materials see Biology II in Biology at Mississippi State University.
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I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER
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Date Created: 01/25/16
aromas n ang srunY GUIDE I CH5 26934 Hey guys this is my first upload I will definitely try and ensure that my notes are up this weekend Because of that do feel free to contact me to ask questions I am in the same boat as ya ll but I do want to try and help as much as I can If you need extra help go to the SI meetings they are super helpful This is a study guide meant to help you decide what you MOST need to study I am not including answers on this one however on Exam 2 I will since it is supposed to be the hardest of the 4 I read the teachers notes as well as the chapters and my own notes and have tried to condense the most need to know information I am not including general terms such as sexual reproduction unless it is in the question because I feel you know how that works Know what taxonomy and systematic are Hierarchal groups break down species into sub species these are called Who proposed taxons and the binomial system of nomenclature Yes taxon is the answer to the above point What does the binomial sys of nomenclature do New technology such as microscopes allowed for better ways to classify species leading to the five kingdom concept What are the kingdoms of the five kingdom concept In the taxon hierarchy categorization was based on characteristics not DNA the order was Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus and species What are Phylogenetic trees What are the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Nucleus Organelles Reproductions Which of the two types above are the most abundant What are the two domains of the Kingdom Monera What are the two types of bacteria In reference to ALL Monera evolutionary relationships are hard to define Yes like you and your friend s Kingdom Protista Contains the earliest versions of eukaryotic cells Most of them live in what kind of environment What does autotrophic mean Saprotrophic There is a huge size variation in the Kingdom Protista from large to small Kingdom Fungi there is a debate over if it is the largest organism or not due to the fact that for example there are two mushrooms that are ten miles apart but those two mushrooms could actually be part of the same organism due to small filaments that attach the two together in the earth The conspicuous part of the mushroom is what part What kind of feeders are fungi The body of the mushroom is made up of mycelium composed of what It is generally the part not seen The fruiting bodies do what What is the cell wall of the fungal plants made of What are Rhizomorphs Kingdom Plantae What kind of feeders are they MOSTLY Most of them are terrestrial meaning what What is their food storage compound What are the two chlorophyll pigments and which one is the main one Do plants have a cell wall What are the three characteristics of the plant kingdom Is algae considered part of this group What are the ten major groups of Kingdom Plantae What are angiosperms What does nonvascular mean What are gymnosperms What is the longest living organism Tallest Naked seeds are exposed and within them they contain what It has survival value What do these kinds of seed not need in their external environment What are the value of owers besides to look pretty What specifically do fruits aid in not for US to eat Kingdom Animalia sadly insects are the largest group in our Kingdom What was Kingdom Animalia s single common ancestor Most likely How many Phylum are in Kingdom Animalia What is the gene that determines body shape during embryonic development Nervous tissue mostly Cell junctions anchoring gap and tight and Protein binding cells provide strength and support are all characteristics of Kingdom Animalia What are the main classifications for Kingdom Animalia The 4 body plans Metazoans are multicellular animals what are the two divisions of this Do animal cells have a cell wall What does this mean for the cell Since animals cannot synthesize food Ie photosynthesis what are the three ways animals go about getting food Most animals have that serves locomotive transportation No not cars What three systems coordinate to enable movement and the capture of prey Do all animals have the capability to move throughout their whole lives Do all animals reproduce sexually What is the process of metamorphosis How long ago did animal life begin Scientific notation answer 1x10quot9 What were the first animals to evolve Vertebrates or Invertebrates What occurred during the Cambrian Explosion What are the three proposed reasons for the above What wasis a Choano agellate What are the two ways the mouth and anus formed for Protosomes and Deuterostomes What two forms of cleavage are there haha very funny yes cleavage lt sarcasm Parazoa sponges are the first What Sponges can reproduce sexually and asexually Although the sponge is rooted in spot it actually begins with the ability to oat around as a Medusa Not the snake haired one well I hope not anyhow Fun Fact the sponge has an anus and mouth but they are the same hole Also stay the heck away from Portuguese Man of War jellyfish those dudes are dangerous Also the body plan of a common rotifer looks like a headless woman What is an exoskeleton Endoskeleton Phylum Chordata what are the four Critical Innovations of Chordate What is the notochord Dorsal hollow nerve cord What do we call the expanded anterior end What are Pharyngeal Slits What do they become Do humans have a post anal tail BTW the answer to the Phylum Chordata what are Literally the last four points What replaces the notochord in humans Do humans ever have Pharyngeal slits Yes embryonic dev One remains as tail bone coccyx the other actually becomes one of the tiny bones of the inner ear Subphylum Urochordata tunicates They are invertebrates marine gt3000 species and filter feeders Subphylum Cephalochordata lancelets 25 species invertebrates marine filter feeders Subphylum Vertebrata Backboned have a vertebral column an endoskeleton cranium hox genes and a neural crest Class Myxini your turn to fill it in should be in notes Class Cephalospidomorphi Gotta love these names J awless fishes marine and fresh water do they have a notochord How many species Class Chondrichthyes Cartilaginous vertebral column Class Osteichthyes bony fishes Class Amphibia Waterland Class Reptilia What kind of egg do reptiles lay What are their 3 reproductive modes Class Aves BIRDS Most y What did they evolve from Feathers and scales light weight skeleton air sacs and lungs organ reduction What does endothermic mean Ectothermic Which are humans Class Mammalia Most complex large size range what is the largest mammal What are mammary glands What is the difference between thecodon dentition and diphycodont dentition Which mammal has the largest brain to body ratio What are pinna The three bones within the ear are called Order Primates what are the characteristics Remember Genus is italicized What is the human scientific name That should be all of it But I recommend reading the chapters 1 know I know just a suggestion
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