PSYCH 100 Exam 2 study guide
PSYCH 100 Exam 2 study guide PSY 100
Popular in Intro to psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Allison Honerkamp on Monday January 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 100 at University of Kentucky taught by Rachel Farr in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 450 views. For similar materials see Intro to psychology in Psychlogy at University of Kentucky.
Reviews for PSYCH 100 Exam 2 study guide
Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class
-Dr. Elta Doyle
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/25/16
MEMORY PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1 Brenda is having trouble recalling the name of her roommate39s best friend even though she knew it at one time Brenda is having trouble with this memory stage A Shaping B Encoding C Retrieval D Storage 2 The shortest and least reliable form of memory is known as A working B sensory C procedural D semantic 3 Prof Doherty conducts research in which he asks his subjects to look at slides that contain arrays of objects for no more than two seconds after which he tests the subjects39 memory for the objects on the slides What type of memory is Dr Doherty testing A Semantic memory B Echoic memory C Levels of processing D Iconic memory 4 Lacking pencil and paper Tony is trying to remember the call numbers of the library books he is seeking A method that would help Tony remember this list of letters and numbers is called A Eyewitness B Semantics C Tipofthetongue D Chunking 5 Working memory involves tasks in which you are asked to remember A knowledge from events that happened long ago B meanings of foreign vocabulary words C items currently held in your conscious awareness D how to perform wellpracticed tasks COGNITION PROBLEMSOLVING and LANGUAGE PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1 In the area of thinking the term prototype refers to A unique problemsolving strategy B The use of a formula to solve a problem C The most representative instance of a category D process of reasoning through analogy 2 This is a precise series of problemsolving steps that will always generate one solution A Heuristic B Insight C Mental set D Algorithm 3 When one judges how likely an event is to occur by how easily it is retrieved from memory the person is using A Availability heuristic B Inductive reasoning C Representativeness heuristic D Deductive reasoning 4 The tendency to think of an object in terms of its most typical use is known as A Functional fixedness B Telegraphic speech C Confirmation bias D Meansend analysis 5 As shown in class in the sentence quotThe players talked to the fans which of the following is an example of a morpheme in language A Players B Play C Talked D Fans 6 Sentences called quotgarden path that can have more than two meanings are examples of A overregularization B Freudian slips C ambiguity D babbling 7 is to Universal Grammar as is to Behaviorist theories of learning language A Skinner Chomsky B Skinner Whorf C Freud Chomsky D Chomsky Skinner INTELLIGENCE PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1 is to general intelligence as is to practical analytic and creative intelliences A Spearman Gardner B Weschler Terman C Spearman Sternberg D Sternberg Binet 2 Laura enjoys poetry and has devoted much of her free time to memorizing famous poems and also learning about the lives of wellknown poets Laura s increasing knowledge about poetry due to experience and education adds to her intelligence A Crystallized B Intrapersonal 0 Practical Fluid 3 Your friend tells you that his IQ is 119 What would you conclude from this information That he is above average intelligence That he possesses many practical skills That his personality is abnormal in some way That he took the WISC not the WAIS In examining racial differences in IQ the following approach is recommended Individual differences should be ignored in favor of group differences Studies should not be conducted on the issue at all Individual rather than group performance should be the focus Culturally fair tests should be abandoned in favor of achievement tests MOTIVATION AND EMOTION PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1 A B C D POPPP 9095399 4 Emotion researchers such as Ekman and Izzard believe that Instinct theory proposes that humans like animals are motivated by the need to experience arousal fixed biological patterns of behaviors the desire to achieve fulfillment external incentives such as money Which brain structure regulates homeostasis including hunger Hypothalamus ventromedial lateral Prefrontal cortex Amygdala Right hemisphere YerkesDodson is best paired with which theory of motivation Maslow s hierarchy of needs Drivereduction theory Need for affiliation Arousaloptimization theory is not one of the basic human emotions 0095 0095 disgust fear frustration happiness Which model of emotion proposes that we can experience emotion without conscious thought cognitive labeling or appraisal SchacterSinger ZajoncLeDouxLazarus CannonBard JamesLange GENDER AND SEXUALITY PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1 A gender role is defined in psychology as an A bias against women in hiring by employers B a feeling of discomfort with one s biological sex C expectation for how males and females should behave D hidden stereotyped attitudes about males and females 2 Research comparing men and women in their performance on tests has shown that women have more difficulty on math tests when they re made aware of their gender a phenomenon known as A hostile sexism B stereotype threat C androgyny D sexual harassment 3 Which of the following is NOT true regarding sexual orientation A Every individual has a sexual orientation B Approximately 13 of people identify as nonheterosexual C Sexual orientation is more influenced by nurture than nature D In the US positive attitudes about rights for sexual minorities are increasing DEVELOPMENT PRACTICE QUESTIONS l is to moral development as is to the importance of social interaction for cognitive development Kohlberg Vygotsky Piaget Kohlberg Vygotsky Erikson KublerRoss Piaget 0095 The most important evidence on the nature vs nurture debate comes from studies of identical twins reared apart and adopted siblings stepparents and their stepchildren biological siblings of different races intelligence test scores of firstborn cousins POPPP Which is NOT an example of a genetic birth defect Phenylketonuria Down Syndrome Fetal Alcohol Syndrome TaySachs POSTED 4 Research on the sensory and perceptual abilities of newborn babies shows that they appear to be capable of A correct judgments of depth perception B seeing visual stimuli clearly at all distances C imitating adult facial expressions D recognizing the voice of their mothers 5 In the strange situation test of infant attachment the key factor that is measured is A the amount the infant can recall of the experience B how the infant reacts to the return of the parent C how the infant reacts to the introduction of new toys D the frequency of the infant s sucking on a pacifier 6 7monthold Pascale believes that when her stuffed bunny disappears it is gone forever Pascale is experiencing the quality that Piaget called A Trust vs mistrust B Formal operations C Object permanence D Critical period 7 According to major developmental theorists which of the following would characterize adolescence A Reflexes and sensorimotor operations B Identity crisis and formal operations C Zone of proximal development and concrete operations D Preconventional and preoperational thoughts 8 What could be considered a benefit of growing older according to developmental research A Greater life satisfaction B Changes in personality C Advances in fluid intelligence D Less focus on negative emotions
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'