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Latin american history

by: Jeulia Notetaker

Latin american history Span 160c

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Spanish > Span 160c > Latin american history
Jeulia Notetaker
GPA 3.0

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Material that may be on the midterm
Study Guide
Latin America
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jeulia Notetaker on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Span 160c at University of Arizona taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see in Spanish at University of Arizona.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
SPAN 160C1 Midterm Study Guide Fill­in­the­blank and Multiple Choice Terms  Cultural Identity: Imagined community, narration of the nation  ∙  Those aspects of our identities which arise from “belonging” to distinctive ethnic, racial, linguistic,  religious and nation culture. Subject identity (enlightenment, sociological, post modern) v. National  identity  Culture: High and popular art, popular culture (folklore and mass media).  ∙  High cult: describes institutional/timeless/classic art  ∙  Pop art: Interpretive/mass media  ∙  Pop cult: describes a diversity of cultural forms and practices of subordinate classes and ethnic groups  ∙  Folklore: produced by the people  ∙  Mass cult: produced and consumed on a mass scale  Latin American geography and demographics: South Cone, Andean countries, Caribbean countries, etc.,  size of countries by population, languages spoken in Latin American countries.  ∙  South cone­ ​rgintina,chili urugua  ∙  Andean countries-​ peru, Ecuador, Bolivia ∙  Caribbean countries-​ cuba, Haiti, dominican republic, Columbia,Venezuela ∙  Size of countries and population-​ Brazil largest ∙  Languages spoken ​ romantic: spanish, french, portuguese (not italian or romanian) french speaking: latin america and caribbean Modernization Theory  ∙  Economic growth= political stability and strong democracies  Dependence Theory  ∙  Dominant countries expand and self sustain while the dependent ones can reflect expansion +/­  ∙  The natural resources in Latin America has to offer, sell natural resources at a low price then they buy  manufactured goods at a high prices with other countries (ex: U.S.), Latin America becomes poor and  cant prosper.  European colonizers, Indigenous peoples and African Slaves  ∙  Cuba's indigenous population did not really survive the first century of spanish colonization. The  european conquerors turned to black Africa for their labor supply resulting in a multiracial society (now  20% black, 30% white, 30% mixed, including asian and indian)  Viceroyaltie​s=Vice/King, ​new spain: tenochittlan (mexico city)  new Granada: Boyota   High Peru: Cuzco  Financial control of latin america  Caudillos​­ Strong leaders by small armies and took power by force  Antonio López de Santa Anna​ ­ Politcian who first opposed the movement for mexicos independence.  Most samous Mexican 40 year period.  The Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoLa Reforma​  (The Reform)­ ends the Mexican/American war. Lost its  land to America. Mexico was weak and America was strong  Benito Juárez​­ separated the church and the state, he was a mestizo    Porfirio Díaz­ Porfirio Diaz was a soldier who then became a president. During the 35 years he served he  helped the economy by manufacturing a railroad and also opening mines and oil production, which was  called “El Porfiriato.”     Francisco Madero​ ­ leader who was very educated in economics/ president for 2 years  Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa​ ­ Emiliano Zapata who was a liberal, Pancho Villa who fought for the  people and the poor.     Diego Rivera (Guanajuato 1886­57), David Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco (Ja;osco 1883­49), Frida  Kahlo­ all muralist artist, all studied at san carlos academy except for kahlo  José Martí­​ father of Modernism in cuba, revolt of guerilla fighting (3yrs), wrote poems  The USS Maine​ ­ caused the US to declare war on Spain in 1898 when the USS Maine exploded in  Havana     Guantánamo Bay​ ­at the same time that the Plat Amendment was issued, the US leased rights in perpetuity  for installation of a naval base at Guantanamo BaGuantanamo bay would later be used as a detention  center for suspects in the US war against global terror     Fulgencio Batista­President before Fidel Castroought against Machado during the depression and took  over the government  ­the leader Roman Grau San Martin of Cuba declared a socialist revolution, alarming rosevelt.     The Platt Amendment (1934​ )­ it gave U.S. the right to intervene in domestic politics at will and made  Cuba protectorate  Fidel Castro­ Son of a wealthy Spanish landowner, high level Jesuit education, law degree, involved  with politics but not a member of a communist group. President after fuelgencio.  El bogotazo­ april 1948 assassination of presidential candidate Jorge elicer gaitan, this influenced castro  urba riot  Ernesto Che Guevara​­ was from Argentina, he was a physician and leader of the guerilla warfare  The Bay of Pigs­Us tried to invade Cuba under Kenedy and the exile failed   Made the US look bad, made the revolution in Cuba stronger     Th​e Cuban Missile Crisis  soviet union decided to put missles in cuba to defend them selves form U.s.  this could’ve started a nuclear war, U.S. demanded they be removed and the soviet did  The U.S. Embargo of Cuba​  – cut off ties w/ U.S.s (electric, sugar, nickel)  Che’s “new man​ ”­ a Cuban who would work for moral incentives  Short Answer Questions: (choose five)  What was the condition of Mexico (after the Wars of Independence) from Spain?  What historical event does​inco de Mayo ​celebrate?     Why was the Mexican Constitution of 1917 remarkable?  What is “counterterror”? Why did Batista use it and how did it affect the rebel cause?  What were some of the ways in which Cuba followed a Soviet model after the Cuban Revolution?  What were some of the things Washington (the U.S. government) did to try to help overthrow the Castro  regime?  What were some of the successes of the Cuban Revolution?  Short Essay Questions: (choose one)  What were some of the economic effects of Cuba being historically dependent on one key crop? How did  the way this crop was produced affect society? (Be sure to name the crop.)  How did Fidel Castro replicate some of the very same economic and political conditions that the Cuban  Revolution had fought to change?     Describe a few of the historical conflicts that caused Mexican or Cuban distrust and hostility toward the  United States.     Compare and contrast the Mexican and Cuban revolutions.  Provide an historical analysis of a cultural product (i.e. mural, painting, film) from Mexico or Cuba.  Discuss the relationship between political projects and arts in Mexico or Cuba (i.e. Mexican Revolution  and Muralist art, mobile cinema in Cuba, censorship and government sponsorship to art forms, etc).      


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