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Study Guide for Final

by: Son Nguyen

Study Guide for Final CMM 103

Marketplace > Marshall University > Communication > CMM 103 > Study Guide for Final
Son Nguyen

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This note cover the most important content of CMM 103, regardless of whoever your professor are
Fundamentals Of Speech Communication
Study Guide
communication, speech, speaker, cmm
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Son Nguyen on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CMM 103 at Marshall University taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 411 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals Of Speech Communication in Communication at Marshall University.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Study Guide for Final (This does not follow the same order as the test.) *Supporting material, reasoning, and claim are rhetorical proof.  *Selection and arrangement are basic components of organization. *When you refer to values, experiences, or goals that the speaker shares with the  audience is a type of introduction that identifies with the audience.  *An outline arranges ideas for the speaker. *Style is the pattern of choices attributed to a person by others to characterize or  distinguish him or her.  *Listener distractions occur when audience members let their minds wander to things  other than the speaker’s message. *Motivated audiences are more voluntary than a captive audience. *Conducting a personal inventory is a strategy for selecting topic.  *A maxim is represents common knowledge supporting material. *Reasoning is the implicit mental leap that connects the supporting material to the claim. *Main ideas are the claims that address the issues in the thesis statement of a speech. * “What shall we do?” is the question that deliberative speaking aims to answer. *Ethos is a unique concern for the speaker when analyzing the four factors of the  rhetorical situation. *Introductions should gain attention, state the thesis, and preview main points. *Enunciation is the distinctness with which words are sounded. *Mapping and note taking can help you become a careful listener.  *Technical language is a speech element that should be avoided when speaking to an  audience whose interest in your topic is low. *Oral style is not more complex than written style. *Reporting typically uses a chronological organizational pattern. *Conversion is the strategy of reversal of audience beliefs.  *Purpose is not one of the four elements of the rhetorical situation.  *The primacy effect puts the speaker’s strongest ideas first. *A goal of a conclusion is to summarize the main idea. *A conversational oral style is more appropriate for presentations to small audiences. *The speaker’s ability to use words and images to capture the occasion determines the  strength of ceremonial speeches.  *Style is speaker’s characteristic use of language to convey meaning and evoke emotion. *Using a variety of types of supporting material is best for speaking to a culturally  diverse audience. *Two is the minimum number of entries at each level of subordination. *Critical thinkers distinguish between facts and opinions.  *Selective attention is the listener’s choice of whether to focus intently on the speech. *Factual testimony is a type of supporting material that can be found in someone other  than the speaker. *Analogies are reasoning by comparing people, places, things, and events that are  familiar to the audience to those that are unfamiliar.  *A compare­contrast organizational pattern focuses on similarities and differences among ideas.  *Accuracy and appropriateness are two basic requirements for effective style in all  speaking situations. *In the Elaboration Likelihood Model, listeners are less likely to elaborate because they  depend on intuitive judgments.  *Resonance is the speaker’s ability to articulate the audience’s unexpressed feelings. *Concrete words, maxims, and the active voice help increase the clarity of a message. *You can refute another’s week argument by objecting to the claim and developing a  contrary claim. *The effective use of humor is essential for roasts and after­dinner speeches to be  effective. *A non sequitur fallacy is committed when the claim and supporting material are  unrelated.  *Vividness is created with the strategies of description, personification, and alliteration. *Strategic planning and critical thinking are invaluable general skills that are emphasized  in public speaking.  *The basic point that you want the audience to accept is the thesis of your speech. *A clear thesis and purpose are characteristics of an effective delivery. *Hearing is the physiological process of receiving sounds. *Culture, psychology, and demographics are three factors to focus on in an audience  analysis. *Strategic planning is the process of deciding how a speech can best achieve its purpose.  *Strengthening commitment is a persuasive strategy to use when the audience already  agrees with you.  *Distracting the audience from the message can be a major drawback of a visual aid. *Decorum is a quality of speech that makes it well suited to the expectations of a  particular occasion. *Statements of opinion reflect subjective judgments based on experience.  *Purpose and thesis are two elements of a clear message. *Pauses enhance delivery by providing nonverbal underlining and marking transition. *Presentation and preparation are the two types of outlines. *Performative and conversational are the two types of oral style. *Weakening commitment is the best strategy for persuading a hostile audience. *A pie graph shows percentages and proportions of a whole.  *Agenda setting is the purpose of prompting the audience to think about an issue that had previously been ignored.  *Each main point is separated from the others; this is the quality of discreteness. *A drawback to using a statistic as an attention getter is that it is not effective if it is well  known.  *Parallel statements at the same level of importance in the outline are coordinate.  *Being confident is a good way to establish a positive ethos.  *Visual resources include physical appearance, movement, gesture, and facial  expressions.  *Statistics are supporting material that include averages, medians, indices, and  standardized scores. *A transition is connection to bridge the gap between elements in a speech. *Two elements that should be written out word for word in a presentation outline. (Look  up.) *Comparing is the informative strategy focusing on clarifying similarities and  differences. *Identifying the target audience and assessing audience motivation are two elements a  speaker must consider when performing an audience analysis for a persuasive speech. *A visual aid is effective if it makes it easier for the audience to understand the idea. *Ceremonial speeches focus on values that draw people together. *Selective listening is a way for listeners to resist persuasion by only remembering the  parts of a message that they agree with, and then interpreting ambiguous messages in a  way that supports their current ways of thinking. *A testimonial speech is one of tribute. * “Cause” is a type of reasoning that includes predictions, assignment of responsibility,  explanation, and steps to a goal. *Rhythm in a speech allows the listeners to grasp the pattern, anticipate the direction, and become more active participants in the speech direction. *A resistance technique in which the listener keeps conflicting ideas in separate mental  boxes is compartmentalization.  *A roast pokes fun of a person in a good­natured way. *Setting the agenda is not one of the four stages in a problem­solution speech. *Leaders upon taking office give inaugural addresses. *Conciseness should be reflected in the style of a speech. 


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