PSCI 1101 test one study guide
PSCI 1101 test one study guide PSCI 1101
Popular in Intro to American Politics
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Evan Gallagher on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1101 at University of Colorado taught by John Griffin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 262 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Sunday, May 22, y PSCI 1101 Intro to American politics exam review 1 Terms to know: Maintaining order The primary reason to have a government. They need to both provide order and public goods. Public goods Anything that is provided by the government. This includes things such as schools, roads, and military Resolving conflicts Another important role of the government. This is specifically referring to conflicts over scarce recourses. It can also be referring to capital punishment Monarchy A form of government with one central ruler such as a king or queen. This one person creates laws, enforces, and makes decisions based on the good of the entire population. They usually acquired this power though Devine rights, or essentially being of a holy lineage. Dictator Similar to a king or queen in most aspects. The main difference is a dictator usually works their way to the position of power rather than being born into it Divine Right Theory States that a king or queen must get their authority from some sort of godly manor. Usually this means that they are born into it. Direct democracy A form of democracy where people are directly related with voting and the outcome of the public Representative Democracy Differs from direct democracy in that people select one individual to represent their small group, and that one individual converses with the other elected officials to determine what is good for the population Republic a form of government where people are elected into representing the citizens of a certain body. Flat tax A tax system in which taxes are dealt out at a consistent rate. All people, regardless of circumstance will pay the same percent tax. 1 Sunday, May 22, y Progressive Tax A form of tax that increases as the total possible taxable amount is increased. It’s called ‘progressive’ due to how the tax rate can progress from low to high depending on circumstances Political culture This is the ideals, values, and attitudes towards government that any given culture has. This implies that there is variation across countries, and the type of government installed is a choice American Creed The american creed can be summed up as a deeply held belief that all people are created equal and should have similar opportunities. The two types of equality The first type of equality is equality of opportunity. This means that everyone is treated the same by the law. Every person is given the right to go to school, run for office, vote, and seek a job among others. The second kind is equality of outcome. Every person has the same level of success. Heavily linked with communism and similar governments. Individualism Everyone is expected to look after themselves and their close ones. Democracy A system in which the individuals of a society come together to make important decisions. “Rule by the people” Liberty/ Freedom The idea that government should leave people alone as much as possible. While it needs to be present to keep order, it should not be over bearing. Limited government A government with limited power. The government can not intervene in the private life of the individuals Property Integral in a limited government. Since the government does not interfere with personal life, one must own property, and they must come across it by their own means. Religion The beliefs of a person on whether there is a higher power out of their control. In terms of PSCI this is important because there should be no state religion, and the individuals should be allowed to practice religions how they want 2 Sunday, May 22, y Communism A political ideology that tries to make every person as equal as possible. The government interferes with social life, telling you where to live and what to do. Totalitarian Government The type of government that is ruled by a dictator, where there is little to no freedom of the people. The government controls almost every aspect of life. Capitalism When trade and other industries are controlled by private owners, where they receive their profit, rather than the state. Liberalism/progressivism A philosophy that puts liberty and equality above all else. Conservatism The ideology that favors tradition over change. this change can be religious, cultural, or nationality) Libertarianism Similar to liberalism in that they seek liberty. This philosophy is heavily routed in choice and voting Social contract Not a physical contract but more metaphorical. This is the idea that when people ‘give up’ their total freedom like that of huntergatherer societies, they get in return, a promise to be protected and for laws to be upheld by the government. I was trying to upload a document and it just doesn't seem to be working. I was thinking maybe it had something to do with me not finishing the success checklist. The only thing I have left to do is get credit for the group training which I just did. Is that going to be completed later or did it just not work for me? “Founding the constitution” Important terms Boston massacre Happened on march 5 1770. British soldiers kill 5 colonists, rousing citizens to rebel unalienable rights These are the rights that are mentioned in the declaration of independence. They are the rights that can not be taken away. (all men are created equal…. life liberty and pursuit of happiness) 3 Sunday, May 22, y tyranny Usually refers to some sort of government that is continuously repressive and cruel towards the people it governs. Comes from latin tyrannia which means cruel master Confederation A union created from many political units created for the purpose of governing all that inhabit. Articles of confederation 17771781 A sort of precursor to the declaration of independence. This gave the newly independent united states a form of rules. This gave congress limited powers (no ability to tax, regulate commerce, enforce laws ect.) Shay’s rebellion A series of protests between 1786 and 1787 by farmers against the enforced tax collection and debt. Virginia plan When coming up with the new constitution, there was no clear plan for representation. The Virginia plan was to base representation on population New jersey plan The new Jersey plan was to give completely equal representation Great compromise Essentially both of the previously mentioned plans were going to be put into place. The House was created to represent by population, and the senate was created to give each state similar power. Three fifths compromise The idea that a slave is worth 3/5 of a person when considering a states population. This was made so legislative representation could be more accurate slave importation 1808 the importation of any new slaves is banned. Though new slaves were not coming in, previous slaves were not yet freed commerce clause This is article 1, section 8 of the constitution. This gives congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations” republicanism Essentially to make people the basis of power. There is a direct election of representatives. double security Double security refers to the two forms of legislative power that the United states has. The House and the Senate together create a sort of ‘double security’ ensuring the US citizens are safe. 4 Sunday, May 22, y Federalism The idea that a strong state government should be present. The states should have the ability to rule themselves on certain issues Checks and balances A very complex system of checking it’s self that the government has. The three branches are created to make sure the other two aren't corrupt. For example the executive branch can veto bills from the legislative branch, but the judicial can review that veto Separation of Powers Separation of powers just refers to the separate branches of the government has. It ‘separates’ it’s power into three equal branches so that it can’t become corrupt. Bill of rights The collective name of the first 10 amendments to the United states constitution Federalists vs antifederalists The people who were for and against the constitution respectively. Famous federalists were Thomas Jefferson and Patrick henry. Famous antifederalists were James Madison and Alexander Hamilton Enumerated powers A phrase that is used to refer to article 1, section 8 of the constitution. Expressed powers These are the powers explicitly mentioned in the constitution given to congress. Necessary and Proper Clause The clause in the constitution that gives congress the power to make laws that should be necessary and proper to carry out peace Elastic Clause Another term for the previous clause. This can be found in article 1 section 8 of the constitution 5 Sunday, May 22, y Implied powers The powers that congress have that are not specifically referred to. This is vague but the constitution would be too long if it were to name every power congress has, some powers are just given to congress despite not being on the constitution Supremacy Clause Refers to article VI, clause 2. This is the idea that the constitution is essentially the supreme law of the land Religious tests Under no circumstance can any religious tests be given to a congressional candidate. Ratification For a law to be ratified, it usually means the law is voted on, and if passed it is officially validated. Various Helpful things Bill of rights: Enumerated powers list 6 Sunday, May 22, y Professor Provided Exam Questions: In 2012, using the initiative process voters in colorado passed amendment 64, which legalized marijuana for residents over the age of 21. This is an example of: A. A constitutional Amendment B. Libertarianism C. The social contract D. Direct Democracy E. Double Security For this one, brush up on the different parties and terms from the first section/page Which of the following powers was not granted ti congress by the constitution? A. Pardon felons 7 Sunday, May 22, y B. Coin Money C. Establish Wights and measure D. Establish a post office E. Punish Pirates For this one look at the picture above on enumerated power list. It is a complete list of what is granted to congress. Examples of short answer questions Explain what happened in Tunisia and why it is important. For obvious reasons I won’t answer this. According to the professor, there will be questions about recent events, all of which will have been talked about in class. To study for these just keep up on recent important events and go to lectures Identify two consequences of the American Creed. First of all the US is unique. With the American creed, comes internal conflict of values. This can be represented by the political parties republican and democrat. American creed creates these internal conflicts, which are ultimately for the best. Secondly, debates are constrained by American creed. This means that ideals and values outside of the creed are just dismissed. This includes other forms of government and religion. This question is straight out of the powerpoint. This is a not a class where you have to think hard about what is presented, the professor literally just wants to see you can remember what he teaches. This means all you have to do is regurgitate the words he speaks to you. Reviewing powerpoints/notes is a good way to prepare for the show answer. Other questions to help out(answers at Bottom) 1. Article 1, section 8 of the Constitution outlines what? A. The various laws US citizens must abide by. B. Who can get elected to the Senate C. The powers the congress receives D. The president’s powers regarding war. 8 Sunday, May 22, y 2. Which of the following was NOT a problem with the Articles of Confederation? A. No president, or other person to watch over all the states at once B. Individual states’ opinions could not be heard C. There was no way to tax citizens to keep the government running. D. There was no way to enforce laws between states What was the 3/5 Clause and why was it put into place? This is the clause that put african american slaves as 3/5 of a person when taking into account population of a state. This was put into place in order to ‘accurately’ represent how many people were in a given state. Talk about the similarities and differences between a dictator and a king Both of these more or less have complete control of the land they rule. Both the ‘government’ controls all aspects of life, and most decisions come down to one individual. The main difference is in a monarchy the divine right is what tells who shall rule while in a dictator ship they worked their way to the top. Answers: c, b 9
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