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UA / PLSC / PLS 2003 / What is the us constitution mean?

What is the us constitution mean?

What is the us constitution mean?


School: University of Arkansas
Department: PLSC
Course: American National Government
Professor: Karen sebold
Term: Spring 2016
Cost: 25
Name: Government Week 2 Notes
Description: 8 pages of notes from the week of 1/28/15 includes: test questions from the quiz, notes over diagrams, and chapter 2
Uploaded: 01/28/2016
8 Pages 39 Views 2 Unlocks

Chapter 2 Objectives

What is the us constitution mean?

• The Amules of confederation

• The U.S. Constitution

• Federalists Vs Anti-Federalists The U.S. constitution).

created a "unified, internally coherent and highly original model of a new kind of government

- Shared power between 3 branches and levels in

What was the road to revolution?

If you want to learn more check out What are some pretrial motions?

03 branches: president, congress, + Judicial do

3 levels: federal, state, & local - fragmented government - constitution created over the course of months in

Philidelphia product of inventiveness We also discuss several other topics like What is a practical example of economic growth?

- completely new ideas

• Science of politics

created for the common man ove

What is the main purpose of the articles of confederation?

If you want to learn more check out How are data and statistical analysis relevant in econometrics?

•clean break from the past

- - no longer one person rules all

• ideas of "man's natural rights" and the social contract

• the "Amencan Experience

- system of shared power with multiple levels of government - other countries use very executive centered democracy

-state centered federalism - unique Road to Revolution

• fight for freedom from Great Britain starts of being a revolution of the marketplace If you want to learn more check out Which arts illustrate how people lived in the paleolithic age?

- because GB begins taxing us her an ohit our poucet books hard w/imposition of taxes

- tax tea, paper, stamps

• East India Trade deal

-cut v.s out of trade on tea - leads to Economic crisis of 1774

Study Sou


- Boston Tea party

• rebellious act because we don't like taxes - intolerable acts

✓ government of Britain forms these to Don't forget about the age old question of What common attribute do all these calculations have in common?
If you want to learn more check out Why is emotional development important?

"Keep us in check - colonial pamphleteering

o elevation of colonial assemblies to "dominion Status"

• Declaration of independence 1776

- sent to Great Britain's government - war begins (colonists have no resources)

Washington pulls us out on top

• American fight for freedom any 1 The Articles of confederation 1777-17787

• spend very little time on Articles wat

• just knew they did not want a monarchy of tyranny

• established state governments with elevated powers'

- Soverienty

- atonomy power over what they want

•did not create a presidency

• congress created but no power to force states to obey its laws

- no power to tax a collect revenue - limits on - Weakness in foreign fiscal, and economic areas

• other countries cannot decide who to listen to - can't stop states form developing their own currency

or negotiating treaties

• Biggest issues:

- cannot get states to cooperate with federal government



Essential problem! . How to reconcile the prinuples of indivisibility w ith


- cannot have two people with power that are

not connected

- Who makes the ultimate decisions morcol

• Shay's Rebellion

• constitutional convention of 1787

- every state present except Rhode Island First plan!

• Randolph van plan Caka Virginia Plan) small - National government with 3 branches that are states supreme but a federal system room for state local did not

- Bicameral congress (two chambers)

• direct election of lower house apportioned

by population and upper chosen by lower

• gave congress power to legislate in all areas

where states are "incompetent on

• start discussing "one man, one vote"

•disation state enactments

• Call force of union

- all power an - congress centered government

Congress House (lower) Senate lupper) a population

chosen by people in the House


on 3 Branches


- small states agreed

Bicameral congress


other plans

• Sherman plan

- lower chamber by population and upper chamber equally

• Patterson plan (New Jersey plan)

- called for a revamped continental congress with

added power

• taxation and regulation

• executive chosen by congress on - equality of states in both chambers of congress - Federal Judiciary: final arbiter of inter level contist - Accepted supremacy plan but rejected the idea that a

" Congressional disallowance and coercion".

• Great compromise

-Merged Sherman & patterson plans

added that all revenue raising measures must start in lower Chambers

gives people a say ! hold - still question of "one man, one vote"

Founding Fathers knew that apportionment plan other issues being discussed umbo

• Electoral college dus -states vore as a unit majority of states needed

to win it majority of states was not clear, House would

choose president happens - gets revamped in 12th Amendment

later [- # House members= more electoral college delegates

o ex: California - 53 House members - 53 electoral coliege votes

• Entry of New States

- given same rights as current states and

• Slavery

- largely contested but resolved by 3/5 compromise

wanted to count slaves in population for representation


other issues being discussed/

• Tax on exports

-power given to congress

- brings in revenue

• committee on Detail - formed to enumerate not help 18 specific powers for congress

- very specific

coin money

& make treaties - President - given broad power ® DU 3

• Kept from Articles of confederation

- powers of congress

- right hold on president

regulate departments ander president ! - struggles brwn congress us president centered government

eparation of powers ) » Legislative Branch

Exeative Branch and Judicial Branch congress) writes the laws President proposes laws judges] interprets constitunion

contirms presidential administers laws

d other laws appointments

. commands armed a reviews lower approves treaties

forces USD P ION court decisions in

•grants $8

• appoints Ambassadors the supreme court declares war

and other officials

• conducts foreign policy

• makes treaties


Which of the following did the delegates at the

constitutional covention agree on?

A. 3 Branches of government B. Apportionment of members of House

c. system of Federalism

The patterson Plan called for congress as the arbiter of inter-level conflicto

A. True

B. False Federalism or Nationalism is better able to protect a republic?

A. Agree

B. Disagree Checks and balances Legislative Branch

• Congress House of Representatives t Senate

-checks House & Senate by vetoing each other's bills op - House all revenue matters &

15 senate: war, approves presidential appointments

• Power over Executive Branch

- passes laws over president's vetores los honou

- impeaches a president and remove him from office o power over judicial Branch

- confirms judicial nominations

- can impeain judges and remove them from office Executive Branch o Executive Branch-president + execetive t cabinet departments +

independent government agencies

• Power over legislative Branch

- - can veto congressional legislation

• Power over judicial Branch

- nominates Judges Judlage Branch a

• courts Supreme court t counts of Appeal t District courts power over Executive Branch

- can declare presidential acts as unconstitutional

• power over Legislative Branch

- can declare laws unconstitutional


Differences between Chambers


Senate toos vol

• max: 435

max: 100

• #determined • equal #for 127.0.

by population of all states y no merlore (I per 700,000) • serve for 6 years. A serve for 2 years • includes 50 states includes 50 statest

U.S. territories I sustem of Federalism)

. Under dual federalism, there is a lot of tension

- conflicts arise between the two separate" centralized governments constitution created a fragmented government to involve as many people as possible National eovernment

State Government

• Delegated powers

SOUD Reserved powers - maintain army & navy

- conduct elections - declare war

- establish schools - coin money

- regulate businesses - regulate trade

- establish local governmentse - make all laws necessary t o regulate marnages

unor assume other powers

o not given to hat I gov. Both Governments of o concurrent powers

- enforce laws -establish courts - borrow money :- protect safety of ovo ano

people - build roads - collect taxes /


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Formal Amendment process of constitution/ 27 Amendments +

• Step 1: Amendment is proposed

L -213 vote in both houses of congress Amend. Step 2: Amendment is Ratified since 1 -3/4 of state legislatures

1987 • other way (that hasn't really been used)

- national convention called by congress when

requested by 2/3 of state legislatures - vatified by conventions held in 3/4 of states

only 18th +21st Amendments Anti-Federalist VS Federalist . Anti-federalist'believed constitution threatened "republican liberty"

- national government too much power at the

expense of the states -no protections for people - president will develop into monarchy - Thomas Jefferson = leader

- for state governments

•Federalists believed it protected republican liberty because it is "menaced in small jurisdictions"

- need national government - need large country to counteract the "destabilizing

anti-libertarian tendencies of factions and secure

private rights and... dispence justice"

= leader - issued Federalist papers to build support Bill of Rights

• constitution = passed in 1787 and came into effect in 1789

• Bill of Rights in 1791

- Federalists compromise - protects speech, press, assembly, religious freedom criminal

rights, and right to privacy

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