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ISU - POL 140 - Study Guide

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ISU - POL 140 - Study Guide

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background image POL 140 Section 04 – Introduction to the Politics of Africa, Asia & Latin America Quiz Study Guide January 25, 2016 Our first quiz covers all of chapters one and two of the course text. Hey guys  J Good luck on the first quiz! I pulled the examples right out of the  book and cited the pages where this information can be found if you need to  read it and cover a specific topic better. Hope this study guide is helpful.  Remember, you’ll have to cite pages on the quiz! My expectation is that after diligent reading of the chapters we will be able to do the  following: Chapter one 1.   Identify the subject matter of comparative politics: Comparative politics  identifies similarities and differences between countries, explains why they  occur, and probes their consequences. It enables us to compare different  countries and appreciate what is special or distinctive about our own. (p 2-3) 2.   Explain the main way in which the study of comparative politics differs from the  study of international politics: They’re both subfields of political science but  comparative politics studies politics within countries while international  politics studies politics among them. (p 3) 3.   List ways comparative political analysis differs from comparison in everyday life  and be able to provide examples of each way it differs: It differs from everyday  comparisons because in its use of systematic procedures. It requires you to 
background image create a hypothesis, operationalize concepts of interest into independent  and dependent variables that can be studied objectively. (p 3-4)  4.   Define the following concepts: hypothesis, independent variable, dependent  variable, and control variable: Hypothesis à relationships we expect to find  among variables. Dependent variable  à what we are trying to explain.  Independent variable  à what we believe will explain our dependent variable  (causes changes in a dependent variable by manipulating independent one). Controls are things that we try to keep constant so that we can only look at  the relationship between the two variables of interest rather than other  factors possibly influencing the results. (p 3-4) 5.   Be able to identify the hypothesis, independent variable, and dependent variable  in a writing sample: The author thinks that the more gender equality in a  country (independent), the smaller the gender gap in test scores  (dependent)  à this prediction is a hypothesis. (p 5) 6.   Explain what it means to operationally define a variable and provide an example:  To operationalize something is to find specific, concrete alternatives to use in place of such abstract terms (such as health or wealth). (p 4) 7.   Explain how the case study method, comparative cases method, and comparing  many cases method of comparative analysis differ and identify the strengths and  weaknesses of each method: Case study is examining a topic in depth within a single country, using  specific actors and events to draw inferences about how larger forces and 
background image structures behave. Offers detail and depth but it doesn’t have breadth (much is excluded from the picture). Researchers can be sure of their results, but  cannot generalize to other countries. Comparative case method attempts to make broad generalizations by  examining a few counties in depth. It is hard to control for all the variables  that may influence the results. Comparing many cases method often makes use of quantitative data. The  advantage is that it gives researchers confidence that their results apply  broadly because of the number of countries included. It reveals statistical  relationships among variables but doesn’t provide much insight about why  those relationships exist. Depth is sacrificed for breadth. (p 6-7)   8.   Distinguish between empirical and normative judgment and provide examples of  each: Empirical judgements would be objective, and talks about facts of how  things are right now  à Sweden spends more on its welfare state (35.7%) than the US (15.8%). On the other hand, normative judgements say that  something is better or worse than something else and are more moral  à  Sweden is kinder and gentler than the US because it makes a greater welfare effort. (p 8) 9.   List reasons why GDP per capita is not a useful measure of a good society and  provide an example for each of the reasons: One problem is that using wealth as a measure of a good society treats  money spend on desirable goods as the same as detestable goods and 
background image services  à money spend on a major oil spill clean-up would count the same  as money spent on education. Economic growth would include “goods” as  well as “bads”. Focusing on economic growth alone may ignore hidden costs and  misinterpret the benefits that a society might experience. For example,  China has had incredible economic growth but at the expense of  environmental degradation and corruption. GDP would completely ignore the big costs that China paid to experience their economic growth. GDP also omits behavior that many of us consider desirable. For example,  people who care for their children or aging parents could not contribute to  GDP because such work is unpaid. We could better contribute to economic  growth by hiring someone to take care of our loved one but most people  would agree that the former is more desirable. It also can hide considerable differences in how wealth is distributed.  According to GDP, it doesn’t matter if a few citizens are massively wealthy  while the rest live in poverty or if wealth is broadly distributed so that every  citizen have enough income that they can purchase necessities. (p 10-11) 10.  List reasons why happiness is not a useful measure of a good society and provide  an example of each of the reasons: Happiness measures overlook the ways in which people find satisfaction.  Some people might find joy in “vanquishing their enemies”. People who find  joy in humiliating others may report the same level of life satisfaction as  those who derive pleasure from helping victims.

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School: Illinois State University
Department: Politics
Course: Introduction to the Politics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America
Professor: Osaore Aideyen
Term: Spring 2016
Name: POL 140 Quiz 1 Study Guide
Description: This is a completed study guide covering chapters 1 and 2 or our textbook (The Good Society). I've also included page numbers where the information can be found since we will need to cite pages on the quiz.
Uploaded: 01/28/2016
15 Pages 73 Views 58 Unlocks
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