EN 209, Exam 3 Notes
EN 209, Exam 3 Notes EN 209
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Haley on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EN 209 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Timothy Payne in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see American Literature in Foreign Language at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/27/16
Emerson Most influential we have read so far Doesn't like rules First major philosopher we've read Kicks off transcendentalism o "American Romanticism" Breaks from European traditional thought The American Scholar o Says that Americans aren't adding any new works o Speaking to all Americans as a whole Difference between The Poet and The American Scholar o The Poet can tell us things that help us understand what's behind the everyday BS in a fundamental way The Poet o Says they have merely memorized facts o "See the power of national emblems…" (pg.571) Talks about the American flag Inspires a response from the people Interpreting the meaning of the flag makes you a poet o "We are symbols…" (pg.573) About the economy, his issues with the economy Economical concerns get in the way of being able to truly appreciate things Money is only a symbol o "I look in vain for the poet…" (pg. 579) Wants to see a truly American poet Will eventually find Whitman o (pg. 578) Religion is nailing down divinity No absolute truth for everyone about religion Nathanial Hawthorne American romanticism Involves lots of nature o Uses nature to find things out about yourself, not necessarily about the things you are looking at Dark romanticism: discover bad things about yourself Lived next to Herman Melville Gets creeped out and moves away o Isolationist The Blithedale Romance Characters o Silas Farmer, worker Realist o Hollingsworth Philanthropist (charity work) - wants to reform criminals Imposing, obsessed Likes Priscilla and Zenobia o Priscilla Worships with Zenobia Fragile, ghostly Becomes energetic Likes Hollingsworth o Zenobia Fake name (pseudonym) Published feminine writer - feminist Lots of secrets Very beautiful, wears flowers in her hair (symbol?) Can’t cook Also likes Hollingsworth o Old Moodie Shy/secretive o Coverdale Bachelor, aka alone and sad Poet o Westervelt Secertive Somehow connected to Zenobia Coverdale does not like him All fake teeth, gold along the top of them Sets the story in a setting like Brooke Farms - socialist commune Pg.6 - Moddie has first spoken line in book o Mesmerism - distorts reality, like a magic show Has subject and exhibitor Cross boundaries Science Makes it sound like a painting/art Pg. 9 o Coverdale calls himself a hero for leaving the comforts of his home behind Pg. 32 o Creepily describes Zenobia o Wants to see her naked, thinks about it a lot, calls it "pure" o Compares her to Eve (pg. 14) Pg. 87-88 o Compares Priscilla to a bird Pg. 100 o Says goodbye to the pigs o Mentions that the pigs are between dreams and reality Edgar Allen Poe Introduction Buried in Baltimore o Drank himself to death (speculated) Married his 13 year old cousin, Virginia o Lived her and his aunt in a boarding house for a while - stable point of his life Not a ton known for sure about his life o Biographer/friend? ruined his image for a while Orphan, wasn't fully accepted by his foster parents Took art and writing very seriously o Kind of like Emerson wants to define what writing should be The Tell-Tale Heart On surface level it seems that he tells the police because of a guilty conscience Can tell the narrator in nuts right away o Unreliable o Narcissistic o Meticulous o Very proud that he is outsmarting the old man o Never feels guilt throughout the whole story Separates the eye from the old man, likes the old man, but despises the eye o Blind vulture eye Pg. 716 - awe o Sound comes from old man - mortal terror Narrator can hear better than the normal human o Claims this is reason people think he's mad o Sounds like how Emerson talks about poets and artists o Ultimately bothered that the officers "pretend" to not also hear the heart Art - the murder is the narrator's work of art and he's worried no one will acknowledge it o Showing the heart to us Epigraph o About how art plays a role in death and mortality The Purloined Letter Dupin o Seems as though he lives a leisurely life o Smarter than the cops and solves the case Minister o Blackmails the Queen through the letter for political favors o Very intelligent, also outsmarts the cops Unnamed narrator o Prompts Dupin to tell the story Prefect - Chief of police o Not as smart, fails at finding the letter Pg. 726 - (The method of the theft was not…) o Acts of deconstruction: Henry David Thorough Background From Massachusetts Friends with Emerson, lived by Walden Pond Social reformer, more than Emerson who didn't want to work with people Puts self-reliance into practice Where I lived, and What I Lived For (Walden Ch. 2) First sentence: o At a certain time in your life, you start looking for somewhere to build a house Poets vs. Farmers Romanticism o Appreciation for personal perspective Your perspective in valuable You have to understand that its different than that of those around you Slavery and Race Thomas Jefferson - from Notes on the State of Virginia If we abolish slavery, blacks have to leave or there will be issues Tries to define difference between blacks and whites o Troubled by this o It has to be important White was considered "default" race Frederick Douglass Autobiography Literacy makes you realize how poor slavery is Made parallels between slavery and women's rights Doesn't know how old he is o Also doesn’t know who his father was o Mother was taken from him She was a stranger to him when she died Changes his interactions with his mother in later copy of autobiography o Idea of himself was limited by these things Shows that you can define yourself - that you have to define yourself Whipping scene o Calls it a spectacle 4th of July o The system in place contradicts the Declaration of Independence "All men are created equal" o Says 4th of July is a mockery to slaves Says people want to argue - persuade more, rebuke less o Speaking to abolitionists o Says it’s not even worth arguing Harriet Jacobs Background Overlooked until recently - 1980s Much of what e know comes from her autobiography o Probably some "editing" Starts off not knowing that she was a slave Book Pg. 823: o Uncomfortable conversation where she wants to be married o Flint says she can take up with one of his slaves He doesn’t want to lose control over her Flint wants control/power o Two types of this Earned Arbitrary She is very bold o Talks back a lot o Freedom? Pg. 827: relationship with Sands o Freedom to chooses him as her lover Talks to directly to the reader throughout novel o There's a promise between author and reader for the truth Herman Melville Background Overlooked for much of his career First few novels were lighter reads - adventure, romance, nautical theme Works like Moby Dick sink him in his own career Dies in 1891 when he was just heading in a career upswing Helped answer Emerson's call in prose category of founding American literature Friends with Hawthorne o Dedicated Moby Dick to him Dark romantic Benito Cereno Characters o Amasa Delano Captain of the Bachelor's Delight Friendly, overlooks everything Almost naive o Babo Leads revolt Smart for a slave Takes care of Cereno - shaving scene o Benito Cereno Captain of San Dominick Spanish o Atufal Giant in chains, might have been royalty Helps with revolt Kind of Babo's second in command o Aranda Dead on prow of the ship Owner of the slaves on the ship o Francesco o Various slaves and sailors Ships o San Dominick Refers to it as a church Shadowy , dark o The Bachelor's Delight Freedom Pg. 1141 - Delano's thoughts o Benito has keys around his neck - symbolizes slavery o Delano is easily tricked "incapable of irony… man of simplicity" This shows that he is misunderstanding this situation o Thinks Benito is out to get him because Spaniard sounds like a conspirator Delano doesn’t know what the fuck he's talking about Emily Dickinson Background Also wrote original American literature o Helped to answer Emerson's call, like Whitman Thought of as secluded, spinster Struggled with religion Poems Talks about death a lot o Also about stillness 339, 372, 446 o Truth - pain, death o Individual o Pain later brings relief 620, 1263, 591 o 591 - describes her encounter with death Talks about a fly The fly breaks the stillness in the room 320 o His favorite poem by her o Describes light as oppressing - has to do with church possibly Final Review Timeline 1845 o Poe o Douglass - first iteration 1850 o Fugitive Slave Act 1852 o Douglass 4th of July speech o Hawthorne - The Blithedale Romance 1854 o Thoreau o Missouri Compromise 1855 o Melville - Benito Cereno o Whitman - Leaves of Grass 1857 o Dred Scott - black people can't be citizens 1860-1865 o Dickinson wrote during this period o Civil War o 1861 Jacobs Future to Come Emancipation Proclamation 13th Amendment o Abolishes slavery 14th Amendment o Guarantees citizenship to blacks Trans-continental Railroad Themes: Slavery o Douglass o Jacobs o Thorough Tries to break free from intellectual slavery Man thinking o Emerson Break European traditions o Individualism Whitman - Song of Myself Unreliable narrator o Poe Telltale Heart o Hawthorne o Melville Narrator is racist Women o Jacobs
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