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EN 209, Exam 3 Notes

by: Haley

EN 209, Exam 3 Notes EN 209

GPA 3.3

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These notes cover what will be on the final exam for EN 209
American Literature
Timothy Payne
Study Guide
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Haley on Wednesday January 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EN 209 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Timothy Payne in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see American Literature in Foreign Language at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 01/27/16
Emerson  Most influential we have read so far  Doesn't like rules  First major philosopher we've read  Kicks off transcendentalism o "American Romanticism"  Breaks from European traditional thought  The American Scholar o Says that Americans aren't adding any new works o Speaking to all Americans as a whole  Difference between The Poet and The American Scholar o The Poet can tell us things that help us understand what's behind the everyday BS in a fundamental way  The Poet o Says they have merely memorized facts o "See the power of national emblems…" (pg.571)  Talks about the American flag  Inspires a response from the people  Interpreting the meaning of the flag makes you a poet o "We are symbols…" (pg.573)  About the economy, his issues with the economy  Economical concerns get in the way of being able to truly appreciate things  Money is only a symbol o "I look in vain for the poet…" (pg. 579)  Wants to see a truly American poet  Will eventually find Whitman o (pg. 578)  Religion is nailing down divinity  No absolute truth for everyone about religion Nathanial Hawthorne American romanticism  Involves lots of nature o Uses nature to find things out about yourself, not necessarily about the things you are looking at  Dark romanticism: discover bad things about yourself Lived next to Herman Melville  Gets creeped out and moves away o Isolationist The Blithedale Romance  Characters o Silas  Farmer, worker  Realist o Hollingsworth  Philanthropist (charity work) - wants to reform criminals  Imposing, obsessed  Likes Priscilla and Zenobia o Priscilla  Worships with Zenobia  Fragile, ghostly  Becomes energetic  Likes Hollingsworth o Zenobia  Fake name (pseudonym)  Published feminine writer - feminist  Lots of secrets  Very beautiful, wears flowers in her hair (symbol?)  Can’t cook  Also likes Hollingsworth o Old Moodie  Shy/secretive o Coverdale  Bachelor, aka alone and sad  Poet o Westervelt  Secertive  Somehow connected to Zenobia  Coverdale does not like him  All fake teeth, gold along the top of them  Sets the story in a setting like Brooke Farms - socialist commune  Pg.6 - Moddie has first spoken line in book o Mesmerism - distorts reality, like a magic show  Has subject and exhibitor  Cross boundaries  Science  Makes it sound like a painting/art  Pg. 9 o Coverdale calls himself a hero for leaving the comforts of his home behind  Pg. 32 o Creepily describes Zenobia o Wants to see her naked, thinks about it a lot, calls it "pure" o Compares her to Eve (pg. 14)  Pg. 87-88 o Compares Priscilla to a bird  Pg. 100 o Says goodbye to the pigs o Mentions that the pigs are between dreams and reality Edgar Allen Poe Introduction  Buried in Baltimore o Drank himself to death (speculated)  Married his 13 year old cousin, Virginia o Lived her and his aunt in a boarding house for a while - stable point of his life  Not a ton known for sure about his life o Biographer/friend? ruined his image for a while  Orphan, wasn't fully accepted by his foster parents  Took art and writing very seriously o Kind of like Emerson wants to define what writing should be The Tell-Tale Heart  On surface level it seems that he tells the police because of a guilty conscience  Can tell the narrator in nuts right away o Unreliable o Narcissistic o Meticulous o Very proud that he is outsmarting the old man o Never feels guilt throughout the whole story  Separates the eye from the old man, likes the old man, but despises the eye o Blind vulture eye  Pg. 716 - awe o Sound comes from old man - mortal terror  Narrator can hear better than the normal human o Claims this is reason people think he's mad o Sounds like how Emerson talks about poets and artists o Ultimately bothered that the officers "pretend" to not also hear the heart  Art - the murder is the narrator's work of art and he's worried no one will acknowledge it o Showing the heart to us  Epigraph o About how art plays a role in death and mortality The Purloined Letter  Dupin o Seems as though he lives a leisurely life o Smarter than the cops and solves the case  Minister o Blackmails the Queen through the letter for political favors o Very intelligent, also outsmarts the cops  Unnamed narrator o Prompts Dupin to tell the story  Prefect - Chief of police o Not as smart, fails at finding the letter  Pg. 726 - (The method of the theft was not…) o Acts of deconstruction: Henry David Thorough Background  From Massachusetts  Friends with Emerson, lived by Walden Pond  Social reformer, more than Emerson who didn't want to work with people  Puts self-reliance into practice Where I lived, and What I Lived For (Walden Ch. 2)  First sentence: o At a certain time in your life, you start looking for somewhere to build a house  Poets vs. Farmers  Romanticism o Appreciation for personal perspective  Your perspective in valuable  You have to understand that its different than that of those around you Slavery and Race Thomas Jefferson - from Notes on the State of Virginia  If we abolish slavery, blacks have to leave or there will be issues  Tries to define difference between blacks and whites o Troubled by this o It has to be important  White was considered "default" race Frederick Douglass Autobiography  Literacy makes you realize how poor slavery is  Made parallels between slavery and women's rights  Doesn't know how old he is o Also doesn’t know who his father was o Mother was taken from him  She was a stranger to him when she died  Changes his interactions with his mother in later copy of autobiography o Idea of himself was limited by these things  Shows that you can define yourself - that you have to define yourself  Whipping scene o Calls it a spectacle  4th of July o The system in place contradicts the Declaration of Independence  "All men are created equal" o Says 4th of July is a mockery to slaves  Says people want to argue - persuade more, rebuke less o Speaking to abolitionists o Says it’s not even worth arguing Harriet Jacobs Background  Overlooked until recently - 1980s  Much of what e know comes from her autobiography o Probably some "editing"  Starts off not knowing that she was a slave Book  Pg. 823: o Uncomfortable conversation where she wants to be married o Flint says she can take up with one of his slaves  He doesn’t want to lose control over her  Flint wants control/power o Two types of this  Earned  Arbitrary  She is very bold o Talks back a lot o Freedom?  Pg. 827: relationship with Sands o Freedom to chooses him as her lover  Talks to directly to the reader throughout novel o There's a promise between author and reader for the truth Herman Melville Background  Overlooked for much of his career  First few novels were lighter reads - adventure, romance, nautical theme  Works like Moby Dick sink him in his own career  Dies in 1891 when he was just heading in a career upswing  Helped answer Emerson's call in prose category of founding American literature  Friends with Hawthorne o Dedicated Moby Dick to him  Dark romantic Benito Cereno  Characters o Amasa Delano  Captain of the Bachelor's Delight  Friendly, overlooks everything  Almost naive o Babo  Leads revolt  Smart for a slave  Takes care of Cereno - shaving scene o Benito Cereno  Captain of San Dominick  Spanish o Atufal  Giant in chains, might have been royalty  Helps with revolt  Kind of Babo's second in command o Aranda  Dead on prow of the ship  Owner of the slaves on the ship o Francesco o Various slaves and sailors  Ships o San Dominick  Refers to it as a church  Shadowy , dark o The Bachelor's Delight  Freedom  Pg. 1141 - Delano's thoughts o Benito has keys around his neck - symbolizes slavery o Delano is easily tricked  "incapable of irony… man of simplicity"  This shows that he is misunderstanding this situation o Thinks Benito is out to get him because Spaniard sounds like a conspirator  Delano doesn’t know what the fuck he's talking about Emily Dickinson Background  Also wrote original American literature o Helped to answer Emerson's call, like Whitman  Thought of as secluded, spinster  Struggled with religion Poems  Talks about death a lot o Also about stillness  339, 372, 446 o Truth - pain, death o Individual o Pain later brings relief  620, 1263, 591 o 591 - describes her encounter with death  Talks about a fly  The fly breaks the stillness in the room  320 o His favorite poem by her o Describes light as oppressing - has to do with church possibly Final Review Timeline  1845 o Poe o Douglass - first iteration  1850 o Fugitive Slave Act  1852 o Douglass 4th of July speech o Hawthorne - The Blithedale Romance  1854 o Thoreau o Missouri Compromise  1855 o Melville - Benito Cereno o Whitman - Leaves of Grass  1857 o Dred Scott - black people can't be citizens  1860-1865 o Dickinson wrote during this period o Civil War o 1861  Jacobs Future to Come  Emancipation Proclamation  13th Amendment o Abolishes slavery  14th Amendment o Guarantees citizenship to blacks  Trans-continental Railroad Themes:  Slavery o Douglass o Jacobs o Thorough  Tries to break free from intellectual slavery  Man thinking o Emerson  Break European traditions o Individualism  Whitman - Song of Myself  Unreliable narrator o Poe  Telltale Heart o Hawthorne o Melville  Narrator is racist  Women o Jacobs


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