TEST 1 Study Guide
TEST 1 Study Guide HAP 201-001
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Abbie Notetaker on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HAP 201-001 at George Mason University taught by Professor DeStefano in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Health Professions Careers in Nursing and Health Sciences at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
1. What three things contribute most to the diseases and illnesses that we confront today? The three things that contribute most to the diseases and illnesses that we confront in our everyday lives are genetics, lifestyle, and the environment. It needs no explanation but genetics are a huge factor in diseases and illnesses we face. A person's genotype describes an individual's collection of genes inherited from their parents. Health issues passed through bloodlines have a chance of being passed down to offspring. Lifestyle has everything to do with a person's health status as well because leading a life full of unhealthy choices will lead to severe health concerns in the future. For example, an individual that engages in unprotected sex, heavy alcohol consumption, and practicing the use of drugs probably has poor health in comparison to a person that has a healthy diet, refrains from alcohol, drugs, and unprotected sex, and has a regular exercise routine. One's environment reveals health disparities; for example, a person that lives in a location with extreme pollution may have a different health status from a person that lives in the country when it comes to air quality. 2. Name all 8 agencies of the U.S. Healthcare System. ● National Institutes of Health (NIH) ● Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) ● Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ● Centers for Disease Control (CDC) ● Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) ● Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) ● Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) ● Indian Health Services (IHS) 3. Identify a healthcare problem that we are facing today and thoroughly describe a possible innovative and transformative solution to this problem. A healthcare problem that we are facing today is the healthcare access to urban areas and people that are less fortunate. The biggest issue is that healthcare is not always affordable, which is why our government has things such as Medicare and Medicaid. The Affordable Care Act has also made efforts to improve available care, but it's not perfect. People often run into the fact that filing for the ACA is rather difficult and a long process; not to mention, some people may not even understand how to fill out applications. In order to fix this, the government can invest in dispensing mobile workshops to areas that need to receive healthcare access. By "mobil workshops" I mean accepting volunteers from the healthcare industry to take their jobs to the streets instead of just in an office and hold events where they can provide healthcare and/or help people to apply for benefits through the ACA. Bringing healthcare to the people may be more effective because, sometimes, no matter how much they need it, they don't seek help. This act of bringing healthcare access to them shows them that the government cares for their community. 4. In the 19th century most deaths were due to acute illnesses, diseases and accidents. List 5 advancements of the 20th century that we discussed in class which changed this trend. Five advancements of the 20th century that helped control acute illnesses, diseases, and accidents include sewage and water safety developments, medical technology, hygiene and prevention routines, vaccinations. 5.The Medicaid program is a federal insurance program for people aged 65 years and older, certain disabled people younger than 65 years, and any adult with permanent kidney failure (endstage renal disease). True 6. What are five leading causes of death today per our in class discussion? Five leading causes of death include heart disease, cerebrovascular, cancer, COPD, accidents, and diabetes mellitus. 7. What is the difference between Healthcare and Health Care per our in class discussion. Healthcare in one word describes the industry. Health care in two words means actual personal care of an individual. 8. According to Dr. Patrice Winter, in her talk on Aging Well and Maintaining Quality of LIfe, the ideal amount of exercise is _________________ minutes _______________ times per week. Did you do this amount over the last week? Yes or No. 30 minutes 3+ times per week. yes. 9. US Public Health Service has 6 basic functions, please identify five. Five functions of the U.S. Public Health Service are vital statistics, communicable disease control, sanitation of food, milk, water supply, and public eating services, laboratory services, and maternal and child health. 10. The health industry is a complex system of remedial, therapeutic and preventative services. List two of the four broad types of services provided Health promotion and disease prevention are two of the four broad types of healthcare services. 11. Deductible is the amount that the insured must pay o utofpocketbefore the health insurer pays its share. True 12. Compare and Contrast the similarities and differences in Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy based on the expert guest lectures from Maral and Sidney The basic comparison of both physical therapy and occupational therapy is that both occupations are geared towards helping an individual "back on their feet" or getting to the best quality of life possible after an injury. Physical therapy is more like guiding someone through therapy and is a little more hands on when assisting clients. Occupational therapy is more like teaching a person new ways to do the things that they would normally do after an injury. For example, a physical therapist may typically have a workout regimen set up for an athlete coming back from a torn ACL and may be hands on during the process. An occupational therapist would teach a person that had a stroke how to do certain daily operations under these new circumstances like how to use a wheel chair or how to grab items with a reacher from their seated position in the wheel chair. 13. The people inhabiting Blue Zones share common lifestyle characteristics that contribute to their longevity. List 5 of the shared characteristics from the people of Okinawa, Sardinia and Loma Linda. Shared characteristics of the people of Okinawa, Sardinia and Loma Linda include putting family first, semivegetarianism, consistent moderate physical activity, social engagements, and less smoking and/or moderate alcohol consumption, especially wine.
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