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AU / History / HIST 1020 / Industrial revolution began in?

Industrial revolution began in?

Industrial revolution began in?

Description

School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History II
Professor: Michael smith
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: World History 2 Auburn Casteel
Cost: 25
Name: World History 2, week 2 notes
Description: All notes from week 2
Uploaded: 01/28/2016
9 Pages 146 Views 4 Unlocks
Reviews


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"}.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_1el5rz1o9t2h-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_3l8nmuxw70l7-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wemli3dqtoxx-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_krc9ugci5gqt-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-5 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-5,lower-roman) ") "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-4 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-4,lower-latin) ") "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_krc9ugci5gqt-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-1,lower-latin) ".) 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"}ul.lst-kix_zdw8boxtlobz-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zdw8boxtlobz-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_gh61w0vic0pq-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_gh61w0vic0pq-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-4}ol.lst-kix_3e7se0apw1po-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_3e7se0apw1po-8 0}.lst-kix_8vprkf1xmxs6-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zdw8boxtlobz-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_hximkfjdo0h9-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_8vprkf1xmxs6-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_zdw8boxtlobz-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8vprkf1xmxs6-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zdw8boxtlobz-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-6}.lst-kix_p2vlguxct8q3-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_8vprkf1xmxs6-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_p2vlguxct8q3-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_8vprkf1xmxs6-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_hximkfjdo0h9-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_p2vlguxct8q3-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_hximkfjdo0h9-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_krc9ugci5gqt-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_hximkfjdo0h9-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_p2vlguxct8q3-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_n30nyl1ufm64-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_1el5rz1o9t2h-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_v45fvjf6295y-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_v45fvjf6295y-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3e7se0apw1po-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_3e7se0apw1po-5}.lst-kix_95fbyv70vwdq-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_aza3mehrpo8e-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_95fbyv70vwdq-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9e85lolsiwvp-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9e85lolsiwvp-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_giclom1x1v3n-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-7 > li:before{content:"○ 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> li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1el5rz1o9t2h-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kdm95b949ia8-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ulwsji7c5qko-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_3e7se0apw1po-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_3e7se0apw1po-4 0}.lst-kix_n30nyl1ufm64-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_kdm95b949ia8-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_kdm95b949ia8-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ulwsji7c5qko-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bd29yk1c9nuo-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-5}.lst-kix_u3rdu6y1aucw-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-4 0}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-8 > 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li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_r55do1nhtxlp-3}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_95fbyv70vwdq-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9e85lolsiwvp-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_9e85lolsiwvp-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_311a5af0sg9z-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_311a5af0sg9z-5}.lst-kix_ua7oe0vqatm1-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3f63bnz6js6b-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_giclom1x1v3n-3 > li:before{content:"● 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Industrial Revolution: Part 1Don't forget about the age old question of What is the basic component of life?

Review:

Neolithic Revolution- agriculture settlement, domesticated animalsIf you want to learn more check out How do federal state and local governments work together?

                     *Fundamentally changed the way people lived*

                     *The Industrial Revolution did the same thingIf you want to learn more check out What are the components of political culture?

Don't forget about the age old question of How does business strategy affect competition?

Industrial Revolution- Began in England, Why?

  1. Agricultural Advancement
  2. Population Growth
  3. Access to raw materials

If you want to learn more check out What evidence do we have to support evolution?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the pathway of a protein through a cell?

*Before revolution, Britain was in a feudal system*

  -Problem: A lot of wasted land and inefficient

  -Planting crops: Sprinkling seed by hand

Agricultural Advancement:

 -Jethro Tull- Seed drill

  • More efficient planting
  • Control where seeds lands

-Charles “Turnip” Townshend

  • Crop rotation
  • Plant all fields all the time
  • Grazing field-fertilizer

Population Growth

-Because of crop rotation, England had surplus

  *Surplus-Feed more people-Population growth

England trade America

  • Traded cotton
  • Now that people can plant multiple fields, they can plant more than just food to sell
  • Enclosure- people close off crop fields and the land workers become homeless

What do the newly homeless peasants do?

  • Make cotton into yarn or cloth
  • Extremely slow

Solutions:

  1.Spinning Jenny- allowed one person to work a large loom

 *Make cloth about 15x faster

 2. Water Frame- Richard Arkwright

 3. Elie Whitney- cotton gin (separated seeds from cotton)

    How do we pick more cotton faster?

  • Expansion of Slavery

             -Triangular slave trade

  • New Power/Energy Sources

            -Thomas Newcomen’s Steam Engine (inefficient)

            -James Watt’s Steam Engine (efficient-separate condenser)

       *Steam engine originally to pump water out of mines

British Coal Mines

  • Coal was on surface
  • After that was gone,they dug
  • Start manufacturing steam engine machines

          The Factory System    

  • Moved from small cottages to big factories-peasants find jobs here
  • Factory owners worried about efficiency -make machines of men

Britain wants to show off their industrial toys and achievements-The Great Exposition

  • They need a huge building to hold all the guests
  • Told people to submit ideas

*Sir Joseph Paxton-Crystal Palace

       -Building made of glass and iron “Temple made of Glass”

       -Opening ceremony (May 1,1851)

          *500,000 people

          *Countries have exhibits

          *British textile exhibit (largest exhibit)

 *Not everyone got same size exhibit, based on wealth

       -France (2nd largest)

         *World’s largest mirror

         *They project beauty

   

      -India (Handmade objects)

         *Non-industrial

         *Crafts

  (Note the difference between a colonizer and colony)

      -United States

       *Bigger than India, not Britain or France

       *Industrial goods

Machinery Room-Main Event

       *Tons of machine running

       *Not really to produce anything

       *Queen Victoria loved it

Main Points:

        1.Showcased countries

        2.Advertised for countries

        3.Also showed differences in industrialized nation vs primary producers

*Industrialized countries make all the money and other countries will start to fall behind

The Crystal Palace moves from the park to other area (catches fire, burns down)

What is so revolutionary about the industrial revolution?

Industrial Revolution: Part 2

Railways= Biggest change for the industrial revolution

Railway Contest

  • Locomotive Race

             Requirements:

1)Hay laid 3 times its own weight for 70 miles, no less than 10mph

2)Not weigh more than four tons

3)Not cost more than £550 to make

Novelty vs Rocket- last 2

  • Novelty: Runner up, didn’t finish full race
  • Rocket: Winner, £500, contract to make steam engines for the Liverpool Railway

 September 15,1830, Grand Opening of: The Grand British Experimental Railway

William Huskisson: First death by train

  • Falls onto railway while another train is coming by and gets ran over

Railways pop-up everywhere

  • Orient Express
  • Trans-Sibrean Railway

-The world becomes more connected

-Railways changed the way people think about distance and space

Railways

  • Increased travel time
  • Increased travel distance
  • People have more access to more place but people weren’t always enthusiastic

Bored and Impatient Travelers

  -Idleness

  -No Scenery

  -Also nervous about crashes and accidents  (Example: Husskinson)

Keeping time with train schedule:

  -Before towns kept their own time based on sunrise (Ex: Bristol was 10 min behind London)

How do we know what time to use?

  -Railroads begin using London Time

Why railway time?

  -Stop confusion about arrival and departure

  - Reduce accidents

Statutes Notice (1880)- definition of time

  -Set London time as standard time “Greenwich Mean Time”

  • Railroads standardized time

How do you communicate time?

  -Telegraph

  • Communicate time
  • Communicate between railroad stations (accidents, delays)

*Telegraph further crushed space

   -Communication all around the world (accessibility)

   -Standardized and factory time -how to make work more efficient

Adam Smith

Specialized labor; everyone makes one piece over and over

  • Wealth of nations

The Factory Life

  • Shift work rather than seasonal
  • Sundays off
  • New division between work and leisure

When people weren’t working, how they wanted fun things to do?

  • Football (soccer)- What does this have to do with the Industrial Revolution?
    -Earlier called “Mob Ball”

  *No real rules

   *Dirty soccer

   *Crazy, caused fights

Early Football (Soccer)

  *Ball- pig bladder wrapped in skin and sewn together (not uniformly round)

  *People would gather on Sunday evening to watch

*Factories would play each other

*Goodyear makes rubber ball, now uniformly round

*Becomes more than leisure

       Exporting Sports

          -Railroad carried teams and balls to play

          -Cultural Exchange (You don’t have to speak the same language to kick a soccer ball around

        Railroads

  • Made world smaller (communication, travel, culture)
  • Increased industrial trade
  • Changed people’s view/experience of time and space

*Again…the industrial revolution fundamentally changed the way people experienced their life and the world

 

   

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