Biology II Exam 1 Study Guide
Biology II Exam 1 Study Guide Bio 1144
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Murry on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 1144 at Mississippi State University taught by Thomas Holder in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Biology II in Biology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
Biology II: Exam 1 Study Guide Master Vocab List 1. Taxonomy – the study of classifying and grouping organisms 2. Hierarchical groups – different levels of classification groups 3. Systematics – the study of biological diversity and evolutionary relationships 4. Autotrophic – self feeding; photosynthetic 5. Heterotrophic – feeding by ingestion 6. Saprotrophic – feeding through absorption 7. Mycelium – the body of a fungus which is composed of filaments 8. Rizomorphs – water transporting filaments in fungi 9. Xylem – conducting tissue in plants that transports water and minerals 10. Phloem – conducting tissue in plants that transports food 11. Integument – protective covering of seeds 12. Parazoa – sponges 13. Eumetazoa – everything else classified under Kingdom Animalia 14. Radial Symmetry – a plane/line that passes through the central axis and produces equal/mirror images 15. Bilateral Symmetry – only 1 line passes through the central axis and produces equal/mirror images 16. Tissue – an aggregation of functionally similar cells into a larger unit 17. Endoderm – inner layer of tissue 18. Mesoderm – middle layer of tissue 19. Ectoderm – outer layer of tissue 20. Gastrulation – early phase of development in which tissue layers develop 21. Coelom – a fluid-filled body cavity in animals 22. Cleavage – division of cells into many smaller cells st 23. Blastopore – the 1 opening to develop; becomes either the mouth (Protostomes) or the anus (Deuterostomes) 24. Hermaphroditism – the same organism posses both male and female sex organs 25. Mesoglea – gelatinous coating outside the body for protection and insulation 26. Gastrovascular Cavity – body compartment that is pushed out of opening to absorb food and release waste 27. Parthenogenesis – eggs develop without fertilization/sperm 28. Cuticle – rubbery outer coating that is shed in order to grow; also provides protection 29. Exoskeleton – hardened cuticle made from protein and chitin 30. Endoskeleton – composed of a series of plates 31. Autonomy – breaking off of body parts 32. Pharynx – the back portion of the mouth cavity 33. Notochord – cartilage rod that provides skeletal support along dorsal axis 34. Neural Crest – cells developed as an embryo that migrate and lay out the blueprint for the nervous and skeletal system 35. Tetrapods – animals having 4 limbs 36. Amniotic Eggs – encased in some type of shell that eliminates need for eggs to be laid in water 37. Oviparous – egg laying outside the body 38. Ovoviviparous – live bearing with retention of eggs inside the mother’s body; no maternal connection 39. Viviparous – live bearing with retained eggs and a maternal connection through a placenta that exchanges gas, nutrients, and waste; most advanced form of reproduction 40. Endothermic – internal temperature regulation that generate own heat and keep a generally constant temperature 41. Ectothermic – temperature controlled by surrounding environment 42. Mammary glands – milk glands for nursing young 43. Heterodont dentition – the condition of having different kinds or types of teeth 44. Thecodont dentition – condition where long, rooted teeth are embedded in sockets in the jawbone 45. Diphyodont dentition – having 2 sets of teeth in a lifetime 46. Pinna – a flap of cartilage and loose connective tissue to funnel sound waves into the outer ear 47. Dentary – the large single bone in the lower jaw Outline of Things to Know • What hierarchical groups are and how they were formed • The 5 Kingdom Concept (What are the 5 categories?) • How to classify something using Taxon Hierarchy. (Gray Wolf Example) • What is systematics? • Kingdom Monera o Know characteristics o What type of cells? o How do they reproduce? o Archaea vs. Bacteria § Ptroteobacteria vs. Cyanobacteria • Kingdom Protista o Know characteristics o Describe the organism (how big? What type of environment?) o How is this kingdom classified? o Algae o Protozoans o Fungal-like Protists • Kingdom Fungi o Know characteristics o World’s largest organism o Where do they grow? o What part is the body? o What part is visible? o How do they feed? o How do they reproduce? • Kingdom Plantae o Know Characteristics (What type of cells? How is cell wall composed?) o How do they store food? o How do they obtain food? o Photosynthetic pigments o Know the 10 Phylums (don’t have to spell them) o Bryophytes § How do they feed? § How do they reproduce? § What kind of tissues do they have? o Pteridophytes § How do they feed? § How do they reproduce? § What kind of tissues do they have? o Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperms § Know difference between the two § How does each feed? § How does each reproduce? § What kind of tissues do they have? § How do seeds survive? § How are seeds distributed? • Kingdom Animalia o Know general facts about the species included in this kingdom (how complex are they? What ancestor(s) do they have? How many Phylums?) o Know Characteristics o Know Methods of Classification and Systematics § Body Symmetry • What types of symmetry are there? • How complex is an animal with a specific type of symmetry? § Tissue Layers • How many tissue layers are there? What are they’re names? Where are the tissues located? § Body Cavity • How does body cavity relate to symmetry? • What is a coelom? What are the different types of coeloms? What animals have the most advanced coeloms? • What is the mesoderm? • Know examples of animals with different body cavity types (flatworm, roundworm, etc.) § Embryotic Development • What is a blastopore? • What is cleavage? • Know the different between Protostomes and Deuterostomes o Know advantages of molecular views of animal diversity o Know similarities and differences between Molecular vs. Traditional classification o What is an invertebrate? o Know the 10 Kingdom Animalia Phylums discussed in class and the facts about each one such as: § Is it multicellular? § What name is it commonly called? § How does it reproduce? § How does it eat? § It is a Protostome or Deuterostome? § Are any of the Phylums related? § How many tissue layer does it have? § What special bodily features and/or abilities does it have? § Where does it live? o Phylum Chordata § 4 Critical Innovations of Body design (Notochord, Dorsal Hollow Nerve Cord, Pharyngeal Slits, and Postanal Tail) § What body design features do humans have? During what stages of life? § Know subphylums, their common names, and the features they posses § Know the 8 classes of subphylum vertebrata, their common names, and the features they posses § Know what an amniotic egg is and its 3 internal membranes & functions § Know 3 Reproductive Patters and which animal groups are capable of which pattern § Know specific features of Class Mammalia such as mammary glands, teeth characteristics, and skull features § Know specific features of Order Primates § Know the complete classification for Humans (Kingdom through Species)
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