Global Issues Study Guides
Global Issues Study Guides POLS 2401
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine Guo on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2401 at Georgia State University taught by Professor Laura Sipe in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see GLOBAL ISSUES in Political Science at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/16
International Systems (Main Points) ● System of relationships and interactions between different factors in the international arena ● Each state is autonomous and independent States ● IGOsInternational Governmental Organizations; United Nations ● NGOs NonGovernmental Organizations; Human Rights Watch ● MNCs Multinational Corporations;CocaCola Sovereignty ● A given territory have the absolute and final authority ● Power to rule and make laws within a state’s territory >Internal: no one within the state has the right to challenge the ruler’s power >External: No one outside of a territory has the right to say what should go on with the territory Nationalism ● The doctrine that recognizes the nation as the primary unit of political allegiance International Law (Main Points) What is it? ● A set of rules and obligations that states recognize as binding on each other ● Traditionally state focused ● Relies on recognition by states ● No presumption that all relations between states are regulated by international law Sources of International Law ● Article 38 of the Charter of the International Court of Justice ICJ lists three major sources of international law international conventions establishing rules recognized by the consenting states international custom general principles of law recognized by civilian nations Enforcement of International Law ● enforcement by UN organs ● enforcement by specific treaty organizations ● blended enforcement ● enforcement by individual states ● states rely heavily on voluntary compliance International Organizations Purpose: Solves collective action problems and promotes mutual gain Addresses: transaction costs, information, monitoring Provides a forum for business Source for norms and agenda setting United Nations Purposes: means for great powers to join forces and promote peace and development goal of effective international action vs. state sovereignty relative rights of small and large states Organization of UN Security Council ( 5 members) China, Russia, UK, France, USA Security General Peacekeeping Forces General Assembly UN Organs Specialized Agencies Economic and Social Council ● Central platform for reflection, debates, and innovative thinking on economic and social issues ● Coordinates the economic and social work of UN and specialized UN agencies International Court of Justice ● Adjudicates disputes over treaty obligations Trusteeship Council ● Suspended operations in ‘94 Views on UN UN as world govt UN as tool for states UN as source of norms 3 Pillars of United Nations 1. Secure International Peace: Peacemaking 2. Eliminate Poverty: Millennium Development Goals 3. Protect Human Rights: R ights of a Child or Universal Declaration of Human Rights Peacekeeping ● Introduction of foriegn troops or observers into a region to increase confidnece thta states will refrain from use of force >Chapter IV of UN Charter ● Three Core Principles Consent of conflicting parties Impartiality Nonuse of force except in defense ● Peacekeeping Example Sierra Leone (19952005) >Helped to implement peace agreement after civil war and monitor ceasefire >Contributed to rebuilding infrastructure >Assisted in setting up local and national elections >Helped disarm 75,000 fighters >Destroyed 42,000 weapons and 1.2 million rounds of ammunition
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