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ANTH 207 Exam #1 Study Guide

by: Angela Potter

ANTH 207 Exam #1 Study Guide ANTH 207

Angela Potter
GPA 3.69
Cultural Anthropology

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About this Document

These notes cover the material that will be on Exam #1
Cultural Anthropology
Study Guide
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Angela Potter on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 207 at Towson University taught by Miller in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Towson University.

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Date Created: 01/28/16
ANTH 207 Exam 1 Review Australopithecus A Ramidus 44 mya amp Bipedal o A Afarensis 3139 mya slenderly built 0 A Africanus 3 mya amp front teeth where meat teeth A Robustus 2312 mya amp pointed head amp vegetarian o A Boisei 2312 mya amp pointed head amp vegetarian Homo o H Habilis Early Homo 2526 mya amp Handy Man Luis Leeky o H Erectus 2 mya amp travels out of Africa H Sapiens Neanderthal 30k125k ya 0 HSapiens Sapiens 45000 ya amp Got to new guini and Australia Mousterian tool traditiontool industry found among neanderthals during the middle paleolithic Oldawon tool traditionThe first stone tool industry at the start of the lower paleolithic Anthropology the study of human kind in all times and places Ethnology Study amp analysis of different cultures from a historical amp comparative view Ethnography Detailed description of a particular culture based on field work Culture Blue print for human adaptation Archeology Study of human cultures through recovery analysis of material amp environmental data Linguistics Study of human language 4 fields Physical bio archaeology linguistic cultural Adaptation series of beneficial adjustments of organisms to their environment Enculturation societies culture passed from one generation to the next Pluralistic societies Society with 2 or more ethnic group that Tolerance each other Bipedalism two footed walking on hind legs Oldawon tools first stone tool industry Lithic technology broad array of techniques and styles to produce usable tools from various types of stone Homo sapiens Us Vertebra 24 bones that make up a spine Society group of people that share the same culture language territory Primate subgroup of mammals ex monkeys Natural selection Having best suited characteristics so you can survive amp reproduce in your environment Evolution changes in genetic make up of a population over generations Physical anthropology systematic study of humans as biological organisms Symbol meaning Termite fishing chimpanzee break damns to get sticks to go extract termites Take great absorbent leaves for leaf sponging 3 Fields of Physical Anthropology Forensic Anthropology Paleoanthropology Primatology 3 Fields of Cultural Anthropology Ethnography Ethnology 4 aspects of culture learned shared integrate symbolic Difference between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism Cultural relativism cant suspend judgement until you have experienced the culture Ethnocentrism my culture is the only way Diff bw material and none material culture The non material aspects of any culture are its beliefs customs philosophy patterns and ways of communication verbal and nonverbal and its government The material aspect of culture consists of the physical These are houses food items factories raw materials and technologies Frans Boaz founding father of modern anthropology and father of american anthropology AR Radcliffe brown Social Anthropologist Who developed theory of structural functionalism 0 Walking on two for 4 plus m years Had culture for 25m years John J ohansen finds first family 13 people 0 Foot prints discovered by Mary leeky Set of make and female cooling lava leaving footprints 700000 years ago H Erectus started cooking food lithick technology and stone 25 mil years sculpture is 25 years old H Erect us starts at ice age Travels out of Africa Is less sexually dimorphic o Homo man Erecuts upright Australopithecus southern ape Shanidar 1 old man had his head bash in and bone grew over He was alive With head bash Couldn39t walk Mustarian tool tradition Maybe he was on the way to compassion Religion decorated graves Art graves decorated With none human bones Carved symbols on colored stones Land bridge exposed 18000 years ago 0 Early man came to the world 20000 plus years ago after erectus before Neanderthal archaic sapiens o Neanderthal lenses last race


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