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Test 1 Review

by: Sarah Notetaker

Test 1 Review Psychology 3060

Sarah Notetaker
GPA 3.35

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Chapters 1-4.
Human Sexual Behavior
Dr. King
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Friday January 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 3060 at Clemson University taught by Dr. King in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Human Sexual Behavior in Psychlogy at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 01/29/16
Chapter 1  Who were two significant people in the formation of Christian views on  sexuality?   Explain early sexual perspectives for biblical Jews.  Define ethnocentrism. Is the United States ethnocentric in their beliefs on  sexuality?   What happened during the Victorian era that strengthened the anti­sexual ideals in society?  Did doctors have an influence on anti­sexual views during the Victorian era?  When did the “sexual revolution” begin? What were causes of the sexual  revolution?   Define socialization. How does it relate to cultural views on sexuality?  What are socializing agents?   In the review of many studies conducted by Greenberg and Hofschire, they concluded that frequent sexual content on television had four major effects. List the four major effects.   What discovery did Sigmund Freud make regarding sexuality? How did he impact the study of sexuality as a science?   Who was Henry Havelock Ellis and what topics did he emphasize on in his writings?   Who was Alfred C. Kinsey? What data did he begin to collect during his time as a professor, and how did this open the door to the study of sexuality?   What type of research did Masters and Johnson conduct? What made their findings groundbreaking?  Define the following:  ­ Population  ­ Survey ­ Stratified random sampling ­ Random sample ­ Sample ­ Volunteer bias ­ Correlation ­ Direct observation  ­ Case studies ­ Experimental method ­ Observer bias Chapter 2 Female Anatomy   What 10 things does the external female anatomy consist of?   What is the term used to refer to the entire external female genitalia?   What is the purpose of pubic hair?  List the parts of the clitoris.   What is the anatomy of the vaginal opening?   What hormone is responsible for breasts?  Are breasts primary sex characteristics or secondary sex characteristics?   Describe mammary glands and what they are responsible for.   How many mammary glands do women have?   What are nipples composed of?   The process of milk production  ­ prolactin from pituitary gland  causes mammary glands to produce milk  sucking on the nipples cause pituitary glands to produce the hormone oxytocin  results in ejection of milk   What is breast augmentation? Are those exercises known to work or not?   When did breast implants begin? Discuss the dangers of breast implants.   What determines breast size?   What is the internal structure of the vagina when not aroused? What happens when the woman becomes aroused?   The vaginal walls are a soft mucosal surface (similar to the inside of a mouth)  How does natural lubrication work?   What is the function of fallopian tubes   What is a follicle called once it is conceived?   How is the vagina a self­cleansing organ?   Discuss the varying cultural perspectives on virginity, the clitoris, and breasts.  What is the function of the endometrium?  Internal female anatomy terms: ­ Cervix ­ Ovaries ­ Fallopian tubes ­ Fimbria ­ Female gonads ­ Follicle ­ Endocervix ­ The vagina ­ Estrogen ­ Progesterone External female anatomy terms:    ­ Pubococcygeus muscle (PC) ­ Vulva ­ Endocervical canal ­ Uterus ­ Myometrium  ­ Perimetrium  ­ Endometrium  ­ Fundus  ­ Mons veneris ­ Bartholin’s glands ­ Clitoris ­ Hymen  ­ Labia minora ­ Vestibular bulbs  ­ Areola ­ Bulbocavernosus  ­ Glans ­ Shaft ­ Corpora cavernosa  ­ Crura  ­ Labia majora  ­ Perineum  Male Anatomy  What are the three parts of the penis?  What are the names of the spongy tissues found in the shaft?   What are the two functions of the testicles?  Testicles develop in the same embryonic tissues that ovaries do: T/F   Where are the testicles located during fetal development? Where do they go to  two months before birth?    What does the anatomy of the testicles consist of?   What is the duct system? What are the four parts is consists of?   What is the function of the prostate gland? How does it work with seminal  vesicles?   The two male hormones are testosterone and androgens.  What tube like structure containing blood vessels, nerves, and a muscle, help  raise/lower the testicles in response to temperature and sexual arousal?  How much sperm is created a day?  What is the function of the cowper’s glands?   What are three abnormalities of the penis?   Understand how erections function.  Why does the scrotum contain sweat glands? What is the highest degree sperm  can survive in?   What does the bulbocavernosus do?   Cowper’s glands produce drops of alkaline fluid for what reason?  Male anatomy  ­ Carona ­ Glans ­ Crura  ­ Corpora cavernosa  ­ Corpus spongiosum  ­ Detumescence  ­ Bulbocavernosus  ­ Pevronie’s disease ­ Elephantiasis ­ Cryptorchidism  ­ Scrotum ­ Inguinal canal ­ Seminiferous tubules  ­ Spermatic cord ­ Duct system ­ Vas deferens  ­ Epididymis ­ Sphincter muscles  ­ Seminal vesicles  ­ Prostate gland  Chapter 3 Female Hormones  What is the endocrine system? What makes it different from other glands?   What hormones do the ovaries create?   Understand what the pituitary gland does  Releases 8 different hormones into bloodstream  2 gonadotropins  effect the ovaries and testicles  1  gonadotropic: Follicle­stimulating hormone (FHS) stimulates  maturation of a follicle in women (immature egg) and stimulates  production of sperm in men  2  gonadotropic: luteinizing hormone (LH) – causes ovulation  (release of egg) in women and stimulates testicles to produce male  hormones  Understand the four phases of the menstrual cycle.  How were women treated during the biblical Hebrews when they menstruated?   What is endometriosis?   What is the term for a girl’s first menstrual period?   What is amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea   What does PMS stand for? What causes it?   Discuss modern American views on the menstrual cycle.  What is toxic shock syndrome?   How long are eggs ripe for?   How long can sperm live in fallopian tubes for?   What happens to the endometrium during menstruation?   What hormone in women is in charge of sexual drive?   What is a follicle called once it matures?   What hormone is important for sexual desire that we remove from dogs and cats?  What hormone released from the pituitary gland that stimulates milk production  in breasts?   What hormone is associated with milk release, labor, and orgasmic contractions?  Female Hormone Terms Endocrine system prolactin  Estrogen  oxytocin Progesterone graafian follicle Pituitary gland corpus luteum Gonadotropic menorrhagia  Follicle stimulating hormone  dysmenorrhea  Luteinizing hormone Menstrual cycle Preovulatory phase Ovulation Postovulatory phase Gonadal hormones Luteinizing hormone  Male Hormones  Understand the production of sperm o Pituitary gland creates follicle hormone stimulator  releases luteinizing hormone to increase testosterone  stimulates production of sperm  What hormone is important for sexual desire?  Chapter 4  Who was Alfred Kinsey and how did he affect the study of sexuality?   What kind of study did Alfred Kinsey conduct?   What did Masters and Johnson do?   What were criticisms of Masters and Johnsons work?  What was their conclusion about sexual response?   Describe the four physiological responses that take place in men and women. What was this response pattern called?  What is the vasocongestive response in men? What part of the sexual response cycle is it found in?   Is a male orgasm due to ejaculation, or are these two different events that oftentimes occur at the same time?   What happens anatomically to women during sexual arousal?   What is sexual tension flush?   What happens when an individual falls below plateau level of physiological arousal?   What happens to the clitoris during the excitement, plateau, and orgasm?   What is the Grafenberg spot? Do all women have it?  Who created the idea that women can have two different types of orgasm?   Understand female ejaculation during orgasm.   What is Skene’s glands?  What are aphrodisiacs? Are they helpful?  Terms Sexual response cycle Skene’s glands Vasocongestive response  anaphrodisiacs Plateau  aphrodisiacs Excitement phase Orgasm  Rosemary Basson Refractory period  Vaginal lubrication Male ejaculation Grafenberg Spot 


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