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Relgion 202 Final exam study guide

by: Sarah Albert

Relgion 202 Final exam study guide SPTE 240 001

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Physical Education > SPTE 240 001 > Relgion 202 Final exam study guide
Sarah Albert

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vocab and essay question example
Business Law
Joseph R. Lefft
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Albert on Friday January 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPTE 240 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Joseph R. Lefft in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Business Law in Physical Education at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Religion 202 Final Exam           Vocab    Philosophy of Religion­ the attempt to analyze and critically evaluate religious beliefs in terms of consistency,  coherence, and reasonableness     Dogmatism­ beliefs are determined by revelation with bases for them in inspired sacred writing. Ideas based  on  insufficiently examined principles.   ­Giving opinion without evidence  ­Arrogant, stubborn assertion of opinion or belief  ­Does not allow for debate or discussion because speaker believes s/he is beyond question   (People believe in God because the bible says he is real.)  Rationalism­ religious beliefs can be deduced from logical proposition. It is deemed probable if it approximates  something perceived to be at least partially true  (People believe in God because it's possible there is one.)    Empiricism­ all religious belief is based on sensation, only that which is known through the senses   Theory that all knowledge originates from experience. It emphasizes experimentation and observation in order  to truly know things.   (People believe in God because they feel his presence in their life.)???    Metaphysics­ beyond physical environment, fundamental questions of reality like nature of god and god's  attributes, free will, etc; what is outside objective experience    Religious non­realists­ denies that religious belief and statements are about objectively existing entities.  Religion is a human creation and human beings are not a divine creation. Religion makes people function  better in society but spiritual things and events are not beyond ordinary experience.  Religion is a human construction. Society needs religion.    Fideism­ the view that it is inappropriate to subject religious beliefs to critical evaluation on a basis that goes  beyond the religious belief system  A theological doctrine holding that religious truth is a matter of faith and cannot be established by reason.    Basic belief­ a belief that is accepted without being based on other beliefs one holds    Pantheism­ the view that god is not a personal being, but an all encompassing reality that includes all beings  within itself    Ethics­ the branch of philosophy concerned with right and wrong, good and bad, character and virtue    Pluralism­ all religions, their concepts and terms, are just human contrivances that do not describe ultimate  reality; therefore, all religions are about the same reality that simply cannot be captured in our cognitive and  linguistic frameworks  Understanding that in life there are many roads to god.     Naturalism­ the position that nature alone in its totality is the only reality­ there is no god or deity    (?)Analogical language­ language that draws meaning from one thing being like another thing in a certain  respect  The only way you can talk about god or religious language is in a way similar to what we know. We know  Socrates was wise so we say god is more wise than him. Comparison.    (?)Resurrection­ concept of a living being coming back to life after death. is a religious concept used in two  distinct respects: a belief in the resurrection of individual souls that is current and ongoing (Christian idealism,  realized eschatology), or else a belief in a singular "Resurrection of the Dead" event at the end of the world.    Miracle­ the action of a divine being to change the course of natural events, to bring about a new event that  natural processes would not have produced    Creationism­ the belief that the universe and living organisms originate from specific acts of divine creation, as  in the biblical account, rather than by natural processes such as evolution    Theodicy­ justification of god in light of evil­ an explanation for why god allows evil, suffering, tragedy    (?)symbolism­ non literal language that is particularly able to represent deep and important meaning      ESSAY QUESTIONS  *  s everal important dimensions found in all religions  The doctrinal dimension involves the accepted beliefs about Ultimate reality or the divine and its  relation to humanity. Each religion also has a mythological dimension that conveys its particular understanding  of the religious ultimate to faithful adherents in terms of symbolic speech and stories. Also, certain moral  actions and general life orientations are associated with what it means to embrace and follow a given religion­  this is the ethical dimension. The ritual dimension pertains to the prescribed behaviors, both public and private,  that are thought to reflect the worship of the divine or relation to the ultimate. Each religion has an experimental  dimension, both personal and collective, that is seen as constituting what it is like to act and live as a religious  believer. The social dimension is how a religion organizes all sorts of interpersonal relationships. The material  dimension of a religion is how the gods or a single divine being is reflected in the physical world     What would you look for in a theistic argument for God’s existence     ­Some people do believe there are arguments (usually called proofs) that provide evidence for God's  existence. There are four major types of theistic arguments.    ­Remember that arguments/proofs are person­relative. The proof must be a sound argument for the person  who holds it. The premises must seem true and the conclusion that follows must be valid. Thus it is a sound  argument. What is proof to one may not be proof to another.    I. Ontological argument  ­An argument for God's existence that begins with the idea of supreme perfections or unsurpassable greatness  II. Cosmological argument  ­An argument for God's existence from the need to provide the best explanation for the existence of  contingent beings or the universe.       What are some core characteristics found in the experience of Religion?  ● William James­ James argues that there are four main aspects to a mystical experience. These are:  ○ 1) Ineffable: The experience cannot be adequately described with words.  ○ 2) Noetic: The mystic gains a state of knowledge where spiritual insights are gained that could  not be accessed through the intellect alone  ○ 3) Transient: The experience cannot be sustained for long periods  ○ 4) Passive: Although mystics often use certain methods to bring about a mystical experience,  once in the experience the mystic feels like they have no control and are being grasped by  some superior power.   ● Stace argued that a mystical experience must be non­sensuous. According to Stace the central  characteristic of a mystical experience is a nonsensuous apprehension of the One. That is to say a  sense of unity in all things. Stace identified the following features of an Mystical Experience: sense of  unity, Sense of timelessness, Sense of having encountered ultimate reality, Sense of sacredness,  Ineffability, Loss of ego/sense of self, Accompanied by feelings of euphoria     What are some of the most  important attributes of God and why   1. Perfect and worthy of worship  2. Necessary and Self Existent  ­If a being is not contingent in any way and it will exist regardless of anything that might happen, then its  existence is inevitable, inescapable.  3. Personal and Free Creator.  4. All­powerful, all­knowing, and perfectly good.  5. God eternal­timeless or everlasting.      How people of faith may view life after death ​ (not sure if this is what he wants??)  ●  Christianity­ core of Christian belief about the afterlife is that there is an afterlife, that conduct  on earth ­ how we behave ­ will determine where in the afterlife you will eventually end up. That  there is a hell for the wicked ones ­ especially the Catholic Church still teaches that hellfire is for  eternity and there is heaven for those who behaved well. Also, the Catholic Church claims there  is an afterlife state which is between heaven and hell the Catholic Church calls 'purgatory.' The  theological teaching is that after a time of purgation, the spirit will eventually be progress and  will go to heaven. There are other Christians, the Protestants, who do not accept purgatory.  Catholic theology also states that sinners can confess their sins to Catholic priests and those  sins are forgiven for ever ­ it does not matter how grave the sins might be ­ including genocide ­  if the sinner truly repents, he will be forgiven.   ● Judaism­ Traditional Judaism firmly believes that death is not the end of human existence.  However, because Judaism is primarily focused on life here and now rather than on the afterlife,  Judaism does not have much dogma about the afterlife, and leaves a great deal of room for  personal opinion.   ● Muslim­ According to the tenets of the Muslim faith, death is the complete end of physical life  and the beginning of a period of rest until the day of resurrection when Allah judges the living  and the dead. Many Muslims believe that the righteous are able to see visions of God after  death and that the wicked see visions of hell. Except for these possible visions of heaven or  hell, Muslims believe the soul remains in a kind of "soul sleep" until Judgment Day. When the  Day of Judgment arrives, everyone is judged according to their deeds in life. Many Muslims  believe that non­Muslims can attain heaven only after a period of purification in the fires of  purgatory.             0  Certain categories human's live in and they have to have language that is specific to that category of life so you  can communicate and get along. Language is functions, communicate and get along. Most of us learn the  various languages of life. "Please bow your heads"    can a religious person ever be inclusive?  Inclusive holds that important religious truths occur in all religions and that god can be encountered and  his grace manifested in various ways through diverse religions. Inclusivism allows the adherents of other  religions can be saved or liberated because the conditions specified by the true religion have occurred.  Although one particular religion is the absolute or true religion, other religions also contain significant truths.  For example, inclusive Christians might speak of Christianity as the only true religion and of persons whose  lives manifest the grace of god as Anonymous Christians      


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