FAD Exam 1 Study Guide
FAD Exam 1 Study Guide FAD 2230
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Harrison Harward on Friday January 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FAD 2230 at Florida State University taught by Sung Cho in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 409 views. For similar materials see Family Relationships in Child and Family Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/29/16
FAD 2230 Exam 1 Study Guide KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 1 Family – How do you define family? Think about marriage, children, sexual orientation, living arrangements, etc. Burgess and Locke 1945 provides dated definition Seccombe 2015 provides revised definition Family Orientation Born into – parents, siblings, grandparents Procreation – children, adoption, spouse Fictive kin – close friends Functions of family - Sexual behavior, cultural norms, reproducing and socializing children, inheritance, economy, social status, care and protection. Ultra-feminine vs. Ultra-masculine - Know some words to describe both/associated with both Sex, gender, and gender role Agentic Role – traditionally masculine characteristics Communal Role – traditionally feminine characteristics Androgyny – the “in-between” role (Masculine and Feminine) Gender Identity – how an individual seems him or herself based on society’s definition of appropriate gender roles Socialization – parents, toys, schools, peers and the media influencing attitudes towards gender identity Theories of Gender Socialization – various ideas about how we get to know what gender we are Based on early childhood developmental perspective Social Learning Theory – Bandura, 1977 Self-Identification Theory – Kohlberg, 1966, child becomes aware of identity around age 3 Gender Schema Theory – Bem, 1981, children develop knowledge about behaviors from their culture Review APA formatting Style *May or may not be on test* KEY TERMS –CHAPTER 2 Social Class – How does this effect family and relationships? Life expectancy? Gender Expectations? Poverty – Poverty guidelines define where a family falls, but are they realistic? Social mobility - movement from one social class to another Intergenerational transmission of poverty – a cycle of poverty from one generation to the next KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 3 Social exchange theory – based upon utilitarianism, individuals rationally weigh rewards and costs Motivation – what induces humans to act, humans are motivated out of self-interest Reward – anything perceived as a benefit to an individual’s interests Cost – anything non-beneficial to an individual’s interests, or anything missed/forgone Profit – a ratio of rewards to costs for any decisions The equation: REWARDS = COSTS – OUTCOME Comparison levels – in complex situations, profit is divided into levels based on your current positon Reciprocity – a mutual giving and receiving involving the equality of exchanges between 2 individuals Exchange – to maximize profits, social interdependencies Equity – the perceived sense of fairness and justice of an exchange Human Capital – knowledge, skills, and techniques acquired by an individual that give them the opportunity to make choices Social Capital – the network of relationships around you Principle of least interest – the individual with the least interest has the most power Principle of resources and power – the individual with the most resources has the most power Economics – “the language of love,” being in love you must make cost/reward analyses to maintain relationship KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 4 Symbolic interaction – focused on the meaning people make of events and situations, we cannot understand a situation without prior knowledge Identity - “The Self” – made up of “I” (how I see myself) and “me” (how others might see me) Socialization – how we acquire the symbols, beliefs, and attitudes of our culture Role – The place of an individual in society Identity – formed upon the multiple roles and individual plays KEY TERMS - CHAPTER 6 System – a set of elements in interaction with each other so that what affects one element affects all other elements von Bertalanffy, 1975 General Systems theory – everything is connected Pursuer and Distancer relationship - when someone in a relationship pursues the other distances Boundaries – a border between the system and its environment that affects the flow of information and energy between the environment and the system; varying permeability Rules of Transformation – rules that govern the relationship and interaction between two objects in the system. Feedback – process linking system output back to system input positive feedback – there has been a change, deviation amplifying negative feedback – there has not been a change, deviation minimizing Variety – the extent to which the system has the resources to meet new environmental demands or adjust to changes Equilibrium – balance between inputs and outputs Homeostasis – maintains a condition of equilibrium by feedback and control (negative feedback) Family rules – govern the range of behavior of family system can tolerate Negative feedback – the mechanism that families use to enforce their rules Family Homeostasis – “dysfunctional families” tend to resist change, “functional families” tend to resist adverse events Flexibility or Adaptiveness – representing a variety within the family system that allows for adaptation to expected and unexpected transitions
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