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FSU / Child and Family Studies / FAD 2230 / What is self-identification theory?

What is self-identification theory?

What is self-identification theory?


School: Florida State University
Department: Child and Family Studies
Course: Family Relationships
Professor: Sung cho
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: family development and Exam 1
Cost: 50
Name: FAD Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Here are the terms to know from chapters 1-6 with their definitions. Hope this helps!
Uploaded: 01/29/2016
6 Pages 14 Views 9 Unlocks

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FAD 2230 Exam 1 Study Guide

What is self-identification theory?


Family – How do you define family?

∙ Think about marriage, children, sexual orientation, living arrangements, etc. ∙ Burgess and Locke 1945 provides dated definition

∙ Seccombe 2015 provides revised definition

Family Orientation 

∙ Born into – parents, siblings, grandparents

∙ Procreation – children, adoption, spouse

∙ Fictive kin – close friends

Functions of family - Sexual behavior, cultural norms, reproducing and socializing  children, inheritance, economy, social status, care and protection.

Ultra-feminine vs. Ultra-masculine - Know some words to describe both/associated  with both

What maintains a condition of equilibrium by feedback and control?

Don't forget about the age old question of buy class notes

Sex, gender, and gender role 

Agentic Role – traditionally masculine characteristics

Communal Role – traditionally feminine characteristics

Androgyny – the “in-between” role (Masculine and Feminine)

Gender Identity – how an individual seems him or herself based on society’s  definition of appropriate gender roles

Socialization – parents, toys, schools, peers and the media influencing attitudes  towards gender identity

Theories of Gender Socialization – various ideas about how we get to know what  gender we are  

∙ Based on early childhood developmental perspective

Social Learning Theory – Bandura, 1977

What is adrogyny?

Self-Identification Theory – Kohlberg, 1966, child becomes aware of identity around  age 3 If you want to learn more check out What is known about happiness and goals, wealth, and social relationships?

Gender Schema Theory – Bem, 1981, children develop knowledge about behaviors  from their culture

Review APA formatting Style *May or may not be on test*


Social Class – How does this effect family and relationships? Life expectancy?  Gender Expectations?

Poverty – Poverty guidelines define where a family falls, but are they realistic? Social mobility - movement from one social class to another

Intergenerational transmission of poverty – a cycle of poverty from one generation  to the next


Social exchange theory – based upon utilitarianism, individuals rationally weigh  rewards and costs

Motivation – what induces humans to act, humans are motivated out of self-interest Reward – anything perceived as a benefit to an individual’s interests Don't forget about the age old question of What is the sociocultural approach in psychology?

Cost – anything non-beneficial to an individual’s interests, or anything  missed/forgone

Profit – a ratio of rewards to costs for any decisions

The equation: REWARDS = COSTS – OUTCOME If you want to learn more check out What is the story of emmett till?

Comparison levels – in complex situations, profit is divided into levels based on your current positon

Reciprocity – a mutual giving and receiving involving the equality of exchanges  between 2 individuals

Exchange – to maximize profits, social interdependencies

Equity – the perceived sense of fairness and justice of an exchange

Human Capital – knowledge, skills, and techniques acquired by an individual that  give them the opportunity to make choices We also discuss several other topics like What is the social dimension?

Social Capital – the network of relationships around you

Principle of least interest – the individual with the least interest has the most power

Principle of resources and power – the individual with the most resources has the  most power

Economics – “the language of love,” being in love you must make cost/reward  analyses to maintain relationship


Symbolic interaction – focused on the meaning people make of events and  situations, we cannot understand a situation without prior knowledge

Identity - “The Self” – made up of “I” (how I see myself) and “me” (how others  might see me)

Socialization – how we acquire the symbols, beliefs, and attitudes of our culture Role – The place of an individual in society Don't forget about the age old question of acculate meaning

Identity – formed upon the multiple roles and individual plays


System – a set of elements in interaction with each other so that what affects one  element affects all other elements

∙ von Bertalanffy, 1975

General Systems theory – everything is connected

Pursuer and Distancer relationship - when someone in a relationship pursues the  other distances

Boundaries – a border between the system and its environment that affects the flow of information and energy between the environment and the system; varying  permeability  

Rules of Transformation – rules that govern the relationship and interaction between two objects in the system.  

Feedback – process linking system output back to system input

∙ positive feedback – there has been a change, deviation amplifying ∙ negative feedback – there has not been a change, deviation minimizing

Variety – the extent to which the system has the resources to meet new  environmental demands or adjust to changes

Equilibrium – balance between inputs and outputs

Homeostasis – maintains a condition of equilibrium by feedback and control  (negative feedback)

Family rules – govern the range of behavior of family system can tolerate Negative feedback – the mechanism that families use to enforce their rules

Family Homeostasis – “dysfunctional families” tend to resist change, “functional  families” tend to resist adverse events

Flexibility or Adaptiveness – representing a variety within the family system that  allows for adaptation to expected and unexpected transitions

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