So much better than office hours. Needed something I could understand, and I got it. Will be turning back to StudySoup in the future
FAD 2230 Exam 1 Study Guide
KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 1
Family – How do you define family?
∙ Think about marriage, children, sexual orientation, living arrangements, etc. ∙ Burgess and Locke 1945 provides dated definition
∙ Seccombe 2015 provides revised definition
∙ Born into – parents, siblings, grandparents
∙ Procreation – children, adoption, spouse
∙ Fictive kin – close friends
Functions of family - Sexual behavior, cultural norms, reproducing and socializing children, inheritance, economy, social status, care and protection.
Ultra-feminine vs. Ultra-masculine - Know some words to describe both/associated with both
Don't forget about the age old question of buy class notes
Sex, gender, and gender role
Agentic Role – traditionally masculine characteristics
Communal Role – traditionally feminine characteristics
Androgyny – the “in-between” role (Masculine and Feminine)
Gender Identity – how an individual seems him or herself based on society’s definition of appropriate gender roles
Socialization – parents, toys, schools, peers and the media influencing attitudes towards gender identity
Theories of Gender Socialization – various ideas about how we get to know what gender we are
∙ Based on early childhood developmental perspective
Social Learning Theory – Bandura, 1977
Self-Identification Theory – Kohlberg, 1966, child becomes aware of identity around age 3 If you want to learn more check out What is known about happiness and goals, wealth, and social relationships?
Gender Schema Theory – Bem, 1981, children develop knowledge about behaviors from their culture
Review APA formatting Style *May or may not be on test*
KEY TERMS –CHAPTER 2
Social Class – How does this effect family and relationships? Life expectancy? Gender Expectations?
Poverty – Poverty guidelines define where a family falls, but are they realistic? Social mobility - movement from one social class to another
Intergenerational transmission of poverty – a cycle of poverty from one generation to the next
KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 3
Social exchange theory – based upon utilitarianism, individuals rationally weigh rewards and costs
Motivation – what induces humans to act, humans are motivated out of self-interest Reward – anything perceived as a benefit to an individual’s interests Don't forget about the age old question of What is the sociocultural approach in psychology?
Cost – anything non-beneficial to an individual’s interests, or anything missed/forgone
Profit – a ratio of rewards to costs for any decisions
The equation: REWARDS = COSTS – OUTCOME If you want to learn more check out What is the story of emmett till?
Comparison levels – in complex situations, profit is divided into levels based on your current positon
Reciprocity – a mutual giving and receiving involving the equality of exchanges between 2 individuals
Exchange – to maximize profits, social interdependencies
Equity – the perceived sense of fairness and justice of an exchange
Human Capital – knowledge, skills, and techniques acquired by an individual that give them the opportunity to make choices We also discuss several other topics like What is the social dimension?
Social Capital – the network of relationships around you
Principle of least interest – the individual with the least interest has the most power
Principle of resources and power – the individual with the most resources has the most power
Economics – “the language of love,” being in love you must make cost/reward analyses to maintain relationship
KEY TERMS – CHAPTER 4
Symbolic interaction – focused on the meaning people make of events and situations, we cannot understand a situation without prior knowledge
Identity - “The Self” – made up of “I” (how I see myself) and “me” (how others might see me)
Socialization – how we acquire the symbols, beliefs, and attitudes of our culture Role – The place of an individual in society Don't forget about the age old question of acculate meaning
Identity – formed upon the multiple roles and individual plays
KEY TERMS - CHAPTER 6
System – a set of elements in interaction with each other so that what affects one element affects all other elements
∙ von Bertalanffy, 1975
General Systems theory – everything is connected
Pursuer and Distancer relationship - when someone in a relationship pursues the other distances
Boundaries – a border between the system and its environment that affects the flow of information and energy between the environment and the system; varying permeability
Rules of Transformation – rules that govern the relationship and interaction between two objects in the system.
Feedback – process linking system output back to system input
∙ positive feedback – there has been a change, deviation amplifying ∙ negative feedback – there has not been a change, deviation minimizing
Variety – the extent to which the system has the resources to meet new environmental demands or adjust to changes
Equilibrium – balance between inputs and outputs
Homeostasis – maintains a condition of equilibrium by feedback and control (negative feedback)
Family rules – govern the range of behavior of family system can tolerate Negative feedback – the mechanism that families use to enforce their rules
Family Homeostasis – “dysfunctional families” tend to resist change, “functional families” tend to resist adverse events
Flexibility or Adaptiveness – representing a variety within the family system that allows for adaptation to expected and unexpected transitions