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UF / Mass Media Communication / MMC 2604 / What is the use of the phonograph?

What is the use of the phonograph?

What is the use of the phonograph?


School: University of Florida
Department: Mass Media Communication
Course: Mass Media and You
Professor: Darlena orlando
Term: Spring 2016
Cost: 25
Name: Mass Media Week 4
Description: Sound Recording and Popular Music
Uploaded: 01/30/2016
6 Pages 153 Views 10 Unlocks

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

What is the use of the phonograph?

Mass Media Week 4

Sound Recording and Popular Music  

- The modern era begins…

Part 1: The Evolution of Portability and Personal Preference  - 1877: The phonograph: records the sounds of voices  

- 1890: The Victrola

• Changed everything because it was portable and you could take it with you - 1925: “Free” music is born as it is first broadcasted on the radio • You didn’t have to buy a record anymore which drove the record business crazy  • They created royalties for airtime and became another source of income for artists - 1948: The LP

- 1950: Transistor Radio

When was the first cassette tape made

• Finally a portable radio that didn’t take up too much space  

• Made the radio from a size of a refrigerator to something you could carry

• However, you still have to listen to something that someone else chose for you to  listen to

- 1963: Cassette tape

• Portability and you could listen to what you wanted to listen to  Don't forget about the age old question of What is democratic centralism?

- 1970: FM Radio becomes popular  

- 1979: The Walkman

• Portability and even smaller size. Finally something very light weight with decent  sound quality and the ability to be hand held.


Tuesday, January 26, 2016

- 1983: CDs

When does fm radio become popular?

• Last only about 100 years as opposed to forever Don't forget about the age old question of Why did king george’s war happen?

- 1990s: MP3 Don't forget about the age old question of What are real value functions?

• Digital Music is upon us!  

- 1999: Napster

• The artists were not getting paid for their music again

• Recording industry filed a law suit against Napster and two years later they were  out of business  

- 2001: iPod

• Could hold 1,000 songs with a clean, Apple design

- 2001: iTunes

• People could get what they want in a digital format while paying artists and Apple - 2010s: Music Streaming

- 2016: Return of the Hipster

Part 2: The Music  

The Evolution of What’s Cool  

- 1900s: Ragtime

• Short for ragged time

- 1920s: Jazz Age

• WWI finished

• Soldiers brought back all of these cultural sounds

- 1930s: Swing

• During the Great Depression, this was an upbeat form of music to keep spirits alive  during times of hardship  Don't forget about the age old question of What is gregor mendel's known work?

- 1940s: Big bands, crooner


Tuesday, January 26, 2016

• 18 year old that went into war at this time were pretty cocky people  • Societal changes

- 1950s: Rock n Roll

- 1960s: The British Invasion, Motown

• Vietnam War is going on

• Beatles take over  

• No one knew who they were until the Ed Sullivan show

- 1970s: Disco, big-hair bands

- 1980s: New wave, punk

- 1990s: Grunge, rap

- 2000s: Indie, pop is reborn  


Thursday, January 28, 2016

Sound Recording and Music  

Ben Haggerly Don't forget about the age old question of What are the ethiopian dynasties?

- Macklemore is the name of a superhero he made up

- He has been independently putting out music since 2000. That’s basically 12 years of  work without any recognition.

- Since he's not tied to a major label, he has more freedom to use his gongs politically.  This can result in a lot of criticism from both sides.


- 1860: first recorded sound by Edward Leon Scott de Martinville

- 1877: Phonograph by Thomas Edison as Mary Had A Little Lamb - 1886: Edison and Chinchester Bell tried to market as answering machines. Fail. - 1887: Emile Berliner created the Gramophone improved upon in1896 - 1906: The Victor Talking Machine Company  

- 1930s: Radio

- 1940s: Vinyl, better sound quality improved beleaguered sales

- 1940s: Commercial Cassette Tapes

- 1931: Stereo was invented but it wasn't used commercially until 1958. Two separate  channels of sound played together. (Fun fact: accidentally discovered in 1929)

- 1976: Thomas Stockham with Digital recording although it was invented in 1967 - 1983: Compact Discs were invented and lasted as the height of music purchases until  the 2000s Don't forget about the age old question of What are the types of symbiosis?

- 1992: MP3s

- 2003: MP3 Player  

- 2013: Apple had sold 25 billion songs

- Streaming music: shifts the industry from music ownership to music access. • Spotify, Rhapsody. Google Play Music, Amazon Prime, Pandora


Thursday, January 28, 2016

- 1880s: Ragtime, Scott Joplin

- Early 1900s: Show Tunes, Gershwin

- 1920s: Vaudeville

- 1930s: Jazz, Boogie-woogie, blues

- 1940s: Ballads like Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole

Middle History  

- 1950s: Rhythm and Blues, Fats Domino, Rock and Roll Elvis, Little Richard,  Jerry Lee Lewis

- The 1950s music mirrored a shift in society and helped the integration of white people and black people after laws upholding segregation began to fall. It mixed men and  women, people of all colors, the holy and the secular. Topics previously unheard  suddenly splashed all over the radio.  

- Meanwhile, white artists were taking r and b hits from the race charts and re recording  them to resounding success.

- Payola: the practice of record promoters paying deejays to play particular songs  (1950s)

- Censorship and death of rock and roll: Jerry Lee Lewis exiled for marrying his 13 year  old cousin. Elvis drafted into army after being censored on TV, Chuck Barry jailed for  possession  

- 1960s: Rock and roll transformation: surfer rock. Beach Boys. 411 women  groups

• The British Invasion: The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Animals, The Who • Mo-Town: James Brown, Aretha Franklin, The Sopranos

• Folk Rock: Bob Dylan

• New Rock: Jefferson Airplane, The Doors

- 1970s: New Rock Continued


Thursday, January 28, 2016

• Bruce Springsteen, Elton John, David Bowie, Lou Reed, Marvin Gaye, REO  speedwagon, Boston, Kansas

• Punk Rock: Ramones, Blondie, The Talking Heads (leading to New Wave 1980s),  The Clash (leading to grunge 1990s)  

• All Women Punk: Jean Jett, Patti Smith

- 1980s:  

• Rap: Run DMC, LL Cool J, Salt and Pepper

• Metal: Guns n Roses


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