Music of the Woodstock Generation Refresher
Music of the Woodstock Generation Refresher MUS 281
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chloe Smithson on Friday February 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to MUS 281 at University of Oregon taught by Larry Wayte in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 272 views. For similar materials see Music of the Woodstock Generation in Music at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Study Guide The Electric Kooaid Acid Test o Written by Tom Wolfe and published in 1968 0 Tom Wolfe developed new journalism in which the reporter gathered information from a distance he immersed himself in the lives of his subjects Theodore Roszak o wrote Making of a Counter Culture which was published in 1969 0 stated that the 1960s were a time of great upheaval set against time of great affluence American Popular Music o Black Face minstrelry to rhythm and blues 0 How African American and European American music and dance styles combined to form hybrid styles that would later dominate popular music Major Paradigm Shifts in American Popular Music Black face minstrelsy 1830 Tin Pan AlleyVaudeville 1890 Ragtime and Blues 1910 The Jazz Age 19203 Blackface Minstrelsy 1830319303 0 In the 1850s the majority of African Americans were in the South East thus the white communities in the North East found interest in Black culture due to their lack of exposure This resulted in Blackface Minstrelsy where white people put on black make up for skits and routines imitating Black culture Tours began around the country especially in New England The songs use the stereotypical dialect of Southern African Americans and often depict the desire for life on the plantation 0 Stephen Foster was considered the Father of American Music composing over 200 songs One of his most famous songs was Old Folks at Home which was commissioned and published by the Christy company in 1851 This was a plantation song that Florida adopted as their state song 0 There were several archetypal characters within Blackface minstrelry such as Jim Crow Zip Coon and Mammy Jim Crow was a clownish always happy character Zip Coon was a character trying to establish social standing with sophistication while making a fool of himself Mammy was a female character who was a kitchen worker and the inspiration for Aunt Jemima 0 After the emancipation of slaves black entertainers created their own minstrelsy groups modeled after white Light skinned black people would darken their faces to make sure they had the expected look of minstrelsy Eventually combined race minstrelsy came about 0 Despite the attempted forgettance of minstrelsy it affected and is reflected in American pop culture throughout the 20th century Tin Pan AlleyVaudeville 18901950 The term Tin Pan Alley originates from 28th Street in New York City where many sheet music publishers had their offices They would put pianos on the street to play the new songs from the great composers Vaudeville is similar to minstrelsy in the fact that it was a song dance comedy show that often travelled Both Vaudeville and Tin Pan Alley were considered pop music especially for the North Eastern big cities George Gershwin was a great composer of the early 20th century whose biggest hit was Swanee which was made famous by Al Jolson who was one of the most famous Blackface performers Ragtime and Blues In the late 19th century the marching band music style was very popular Scott Joplin and composers like him in the early 20th century took this music and added syncopation creating ragtime This music was African American music performed by African American performers and this began to radically change American culture Blues began as a singing style added to ragtime African American performers found enormous success in the 19203 without having to succumb to blackface Women such as Bessie Smith found great success in this genre despite facing racial double standards As black people left the south white people began to adopt their musical culture However the separation between whites and blacks was also shown throughout the music industry where black recording artists were only put on Race Records which were marketed primarily to black people The Jazz Age The white youth begin to enjoy jazz and blues somewhat challenging racial and cultural separation This white interest in jazz began to expand the jazz culture resulting in dances like the Charleston and the black bottom dance The era of prohibition made drinking more risky and therefore more fun which led to a greater party type era Paul Whiteman 18901967 was titled the King of Jazz and helped to make jazz more palatable for white audiences He enjoyed enormous success in the 19203 by creating a sort of minstrelsy without blackface Louis Armstrong trumpeter most successful jazz performer to achieve widespread recognition brought instrumental jazz to greater importance in the music world From New Orleans moved to Chicago and started his own band called the Hot Five Was able to make short film due to his success This film was called Rhapsody in Black and Blue and it was much of the nations first exposure to Louis Armstrong Instead of acting as the professional he was in this film Armstrong feigned exoticism reminiscent of minstrelsy in hopes of appealing to white audiences Slumming o This was a practice in which wealthy New York City Whites would go to Harlem Clubs such as the Cotton Club in order to access authentic black music 0 Many famous musicians got their starts in clubs such as these including Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway 19SOsSwing Era 0 Benny Goodman initiated a big band style reminiscent of Black music He even went as far as hiring a black arranger in order to gain authenticity and also was one of the first bands to integrate Goodman also hired Gene Krupa a white drummer who understood and adapted black rhythmic styles o Many dances came about during this time such as the Lindy Hop and the Jitterbug Rural Blues o This genre was where black males found success singing a form of blues that emphasized the raw lifestyle in the south This was not particularly popular but it did enjoy a revival in the 1960s 0 Robert Johnson was one of the most influential rural blues singers He was from Mississippi and though he covered a wide range of material he only had 2 recording sessions One of his most popular songs was Crossroads which was covered by Eric Clapton in 1969 Hillbilly Old Time and Country 0 Just as race records were marketed to blacks record companies found a niche in the music of poor southern whites who didn t identify with white jazz blues or mainstream pop 0 Ralph Peer was originally the general director of Okeh records and supervised the first commercial recordings of country music He brought a few people to fame including Jimmy Rodgers and the carter family 0 Hank Williams was one of the most famous country performers from Alabama who greatly widened the country audience Rock n Roll 0 began as a mix of Western Swing and Rhythm and blues Western Swing 0 popular dance music in the 1930s and 1940s in the south west area that combined big band with country and blues They were mostly comprised of string instruments o one of the most famous bands was Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys Rhythm and Blues o This was stripped down big band partially due to World War II developed by black performers that used saxophone and boogie woogie piano 0 One of the most famous performers was Louis Jordan who played jump blues in a style that mirrored minstrelsy He became one of the most famous black performers of all time o Wynonie Harris was an incredibly popular RampB singer whose biggest hit was Good Rockin Tonight o RampBSexual innuendo 1950s in a nutshell Huge amount of economic prosperity huge housing increase baby boom birth of the American consumer introduction of Suburbia creation of the teenager as a marketing demographic transistor radio allowed teens to listen to music without their parents the jukebox though invented in the 1930s began to serve as a way of knowing what the teens listened to Billboard Pop Charts o These were published by a music trade magazine called Billboard Early on the charts were divided geographically but later they began to be divided by race and style Black Records Harlem Hit Parade Race Records Rhythm amp Blues 1949 Soul 1969 Black 1982 o RampB 1999present Mainstream White 0 1 Singles 1957 o Hot 100 1958present Country o Folk o Hillbilly 0 Country 0 Hot Country Singles Big Joe Turner 0 In 1954 his song Shake Rattle and Roll was 1 on the RampB chart and 22 on the pop chans Teens could now use transistor radios to listen to rhythm and blues which began to break racial barriers down Bill Haley 0 Originally the leader of a Western Swing band he changed the name to Haley s Cornet and changed their look In 1955 they covered Shake Rattle and Roll which got to 7 on the pop chart 0 He followed that with Rock Around the Clock and gave an official start to Rock n Roll Chuck Berry c He was a black artist from Chicago who took white country songs and made them more RampB This is seen with the song Maybellene which reached 1 on the RampB chart and 5 on the Pop Charts He also made a point of making the guitar front and center Big Mama Thornton 0 She was a rhythm and blues singer of the late 1940s and early 1950s who originally performed Hound Dog Elvis Presley o Originally discovered by Sam Phillips after Presley recorded a record for his mother he paired him with Bill Black and Scotty Moore After an unsuccessful first attempt at recording Elvis begins playing a blues song on guitar and the other instrumentalists join in This was the sound that Phillips wanted and they recorded an album of black blues and white country o In 1956 Phillips released Presleys version of Hound Dog Phillips sold the rights to RCA Victor and later that year Hound Dog was 1 on the Pop Charts 0 Hound Dog was Presley s first nationally televised performance that broke both sexual and racial boundaries on television This performance caused quite an uproar throughout journalism Alan Freed o The DJ who came up with the term Rock n Roll and made a lot of money promoting it Dick Clark o Introduced white teens to many new acts and openly supported rock and roll prompting much backlash Backlash against Rock n Roll was immediate o Blackboard Jungle was a movie that depicted the harmful effects of rock n roll on white kids o Preachers began giving sermons about it 0 Some cities attempted to ban it Did Rock n Roll change everything immediately 0 NO 0 195556 was a big year c The whole thing fizzled out when Elvis was drafted and Chuck Berry went to Prison Pat Boone o the 2 selling pop artist who gained fame by covering black music such as Tutti Frutti by Little Richard Paul Anka o The Justin Bieber of the 19503 who directly appealed to 13 year old girls without any suggestive hip movements Patti Page 0 The number one female recording artist of the 19503 with hits such as Doggie in the Window Connie Francis 0 Another successful female of the 19503 with 8 top 40 hits Her style was innocent and basic but still slightly more risque than Patti Page which isn t saying much One of her hits was Lipstick on Your Collar Brill Building Songwriters o This was a group of professional songwriters in the Brill Building of NYC that included Don Kirshner Carole King and Gerry Goffin They wrote the majority of pop music during the 19503 19603 We must be precise with years in describing the sixties because the early 19603 were very different than the late 1960s Girl Groups 0 In the early 603 female performers were packaged into Girl Groups that clearly began with African American women 0 The Ronnettes were a girl group started by Phil Spector a crazy control freak now in jail for murder and one of their greatest hits was Be My Baby in 1963 This group similarly to many others was forced to look sing and act very uniformly Surf Rock AKA the Beach Boys 0 Brian Wilson a member of the beach boys was a huge writer for Surf Rock founding the duo Jan and Dean and writing their 13 hit Surf City in 1963 This style was popular nation wide due to the teenage idealism The Wrecking Crew were professional studio musicians who played on most Beach Boys records The drummer was Hal Blaine Carol Kay was on bass and Leon Russel was the pianist Motown 0 THIS IS NOT SOUTHERN SOUL o The name came from Detroit Motor City where Berry Gordy founded motown with groups such as the Temptations and the Supremes The instrumentals were provided by the funk brothers This style directly appealed to whites The Beats 0 The beats were literary and public figures of the 19503 made up of a group of young white college educated people who met at Columbia University in New York City 0 Some of the most well known are Jack Kerouac and Neil Cassady Kerouac wrote On the Road as a semiautobiographical novel about himself and Cassady This was written on one scroll of paper and was barely edited displaying the beat ideal of living in the moment 0 Another famous member was Alan Ginsberg a famous beat poet who eventually became somewhat of a spiritual Guru of the hippies The work that made him famous was a poem called Howl in 1955 o The beats gravitated toward jazz especially something called Bebop which was made famous by musicians such as Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie This style appealed to the Beats due to the use of improv and the excessive layers 0 Jackson Pollock was somewhat of a beat painter using drip and splatter techniques to create art in the moment Bob Dylan 0 Originally born Robert Zimmerman in Minnesota with a great interest in Elvis and becoming a musicians 0 Later gained interest in folk music becoming enamoured with the folk lifestyle and fostering an obsession with Woodie Guthrie He eventually moved to New York City to visit Guthrie in the hospital 0 While in NYC Dylan adapted a new identity and went to Greenwich Village which had a very folk centered scene There he met Pete Seeger who helped him get a start in folk and also was a voice in promoting folk for the non mainstream o Dylan began writing his own songs while still performing old folk songs and garnering a mysterious identity c He met a record producer and recorded three albums Bob Dylan The Freewheelin Bob Dylan and The Times They Are aChangin 0 Later Dylan performed in the Newport folk festival with Joan Baez and other folk icons o Bob Dylan became the musical prophet of whites involved in the Civil Rights movement Folk Becomes Pop 0 Peter Paul and Mary covered Dylan s song Blowin in the Wind bringing it to 2 on the Pop Charts Dylan doesn t like being a political figure 0 After he performed at the March on Washington and Kennedy s assassination Dylan begins to shy away from political statements His work becomes more subjective and less topical In 1964 he releases Another Side of Bob Dylan which was more like poetry Dylan begins spending time with Ginsberg who becomes more of a roll model The British Invasion o The Beatles were one of the most successful debuts and were able to orchestrate their American invasion after winning over Great Britain o The Rolling Stones were overshadowed by Beatles but had a mission of spreading authentic blues music 0 Their managements pushed each of their qualities While Brian Epstein marketed the Beatles as cute and cuddly the Stone s manager Oldham knew nothing could come of competition with the Beatles and pushed them toward a rougher look o The Rolling Stones were greatly influenced by Howlin Wolf and Muddy Waters Drugs and the Counterculture LSD o Lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD was created by Albert Hofmann a chemist who eventually became part of the nobel prize committee At one point he accidentally dosed himself with LSD and wrote up his exact experience He reported changes in colors his sense of time and perception Though the day of dosage was not uniformly great the next day he felt renewed life Aldous Huxley o The author of Brave New World began taking mescaline a psychedelic made from peote cactus and writes The Doors of Perception about his experience Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert o Leary a lecturer at Harvard with a PHD in Psychology from Berkeley began taking Psilocybin and began a project with Richard Alpert another professor at Harvard with a PHD from Stanford testing hallucinogens on students from Harvard and people from the community including intellectuals such as Aldous Huxley Allen Ginsberg and William Burrows o Leary and Alpert were exposed by Dr Andrew Weil s writings in the Harvard student news paper Well is now the leader of the holistic medicine movement 0 Leary and Alpert were dismissed from the college and continued their project in a mansion in Millbrook NY There they continued experiments and gained a following They wrote The Psychedelic Experience as a guide for using LSD to open up your life Alan Watts o Watts offered eastern religions to the western world and used as well as advertised LSD as a spiritual experience Rachel Carson and Environmentalism o Carson published Silent Spring in 1952 calling for change in the way the environment 0 In certain situations health problems became such a concern that the environment could not be ignored One such situation was Love Canal New York where 20000 tons of more than 80 chemicals were dumped into the canal between the 1920s and 1950s Women of Acid Rock RebeMon 0 Rock was considered a forum of masculine rebellion in which femininity was worshipped in a sexual sense and despised in the ide of convention This conflict within femininity was in part due to the matriarch s role which resembled conformism o This opposition between rebel masculinity and women as conformism can be seen with Marlon Brando in The Wild One or James Dean in Rebel WithoutA Cause The Feminine Mystique 0 Betty Freidan s book published in 1963 addressed the stereotypical 1950s female domesticity that most American women accepted as their role This devotion to nothing but husband house and children took a physical and mental toll on the health of women as well as the country This book encouraged women to have goals of their own Janis Joplin 19431970 0 She emerged on the national stage in 1967 and was very out of line with usual expectations of white women Her performances used huge amounts of emotion as well as the variation between a low smooth voice and a loud higher forced sound o Joplins first national performance was at the Monterey International Pop Festival the first large rock festival ever This performanced proved to be a huge deal for women especially white ones in rock Joplin s raw emotion vocal quality as well as almost aggressive and uncontrolled movements were new for white women 0 She made her first album Cheap Thrills in 1968 with her band Big Brother and the Holding Company Columbia took over her career and offered recording contracts helping her form a new band in 1969 Racial Double Standards c As we have seen earlier in the class black women like Bessie Smith and Billie Holiday performed with great emotion 0 Tina Turner continued this tradition throughout the 60s within the soul genre Turner performed with sexuality that Joplin lacked and also avoided the clean cut look that was popular with the controlled 603 black singers Do not assume every American was part of the counterculture movement 0 There were still stereotypes shown in Berry Sadler s Ballad of the Green Berets and Nancy Sinatra s These Boots are Made for Walking Ken Kesey 19352001 c Kesey was born in Colorado but moved to Springfield at a young age and graduated from the University of Oregon in 1957 with a journalism degree He later enrolled in a creative writing program at Stanford and was a part of CIA psychedelic drug tests in 1959 During this time Kesey wrote One Flew Over the Cuckoo s Nest and began giving psychedelic drugs to friends o His book became an instant classic and with the money from his book Kesey buys property in La Honda California The Bus Trip o In 1964 Kesey bought a bus that he and his group decorated named Furthur I They attached video and audio equipment in order to film their expedition to NYC and began calling themselves the Merry Pranksters 0 Neil Cassady one of the central figures of Kerouac s On the Road became a part of the pranksters and served as the driver both literally and figuratively for the bus trip 0 The trip took on a mythical quality and became an allegory for life especially with Kesey s quote of being on the bus or off the bus 0 The bus trip ended in disappointment as Tim Leary didn t want anything to do with the pranksters c When they returned to La Honda the prankster lifestyle became public and all kinds of people showed up including the Hells angels Acid Tests o Kesey has an idea for public parties called Acid Tests bringing in the band The Warlocks later the Grateful Dead These were not for any real point besides seeing if you could go through one without having a life changing experience The Grateful Dead 0 Performance values include spontaneity and improvisation as well as a sense of experimentation o The Grateful Dead were an exploration of a new objective within music Their focus was on live performance Though they recorded and released mildly successful albums with Warner records the band didn t quite fit into a business model Amateur tapes were often recorded of their live performances and the Grateful Dead encouraged this Augustus Bear Owsley Stanley 0 the first person to produce LSD outside of a drug company and the Grateful Dead s sound man and manager Between 1965 and 1967 he produced 125 million hits of acid Served time for possession in 1967 and 197072 His father was a senator therefore he grew up with tremendous resources Designed the grateful dead wall of sound HaightAshbury District in San Francisco o The Acid tests led up to this scene in the late 1960s 0 This district marks the advent of the Acid Rock scene when musicians and their fans start moving to HaightAshbury district and dropping acidmaking music in the local park The fact that musicians such as Janis Joplin and the Grateful Dead were living among their fans created an unprecedented accessibility between artists and their supporters o It is important to remember that this was a localized scene specific to San Francisco Trips Festival 0 The Trips Festival begins within San Francisco featuring the Hell s Angels Bus Pranksters Grateful Dead and Big Brother and the Holding Company and they turn it into a commercial venture by selling tickets 0 Bill Graham is the behind the scenes guy who ran the San Francisco Acid rock scene managing the bands and finding venues He eventually bought the Fillmore Auditorium for these concerts 0 Acid rock got marketing with poster art reflecting the aesthetic of a trip with crazy colors and tons of swirly designs The Grateful Dead legacy o The Grateful Dead were the only band to continue the 1960s ideals after the 1960s ended even through the 1990s Phil Lesh and Bob Weir continued touring with a new band Furthur The Deadheads are one of the only things left of the acid movements The Jefferson Airplane o The band which represents the commercially successful side of Acid Rock Their album Surrealistic Pillow was 3 on the album lists This was much because of Grace Slick whose conventional beauty and singing voice made her much more accessible to the pop audience 0 White Rabbit was a Jefferson Airplane song that reached 6 on the Pop charts It was written by Slick for another band but recorded by Jefferson Airplane The song used tools that are not often in pop such as a middle eastern scale and a flamenco rhythm The song was essentially a giant crescendo Los Angeles Bob Dylan and Folk Rock 0 In 1965 Bob Dylan performed at the Newport Folk Festival where he donned a leather jacket and played with an electric guitar in an attempt to cast off folk labels The audience and Pete Seeger were furious and attempted to make him stop 0 This move was actually somewhat predictable since his album Bringing It All Back Home had an entirely electric side 0 His song Like a Rolling Stone was cynical and biting toward the folk community and could have been in reference to himself in the folk movement He released the song in June 1965 and it reached 3 on the pop charts To many in the folk community the use of electric guitar was selling out Though Dylan didn t live there the Los Angeles folk rock scene grew out of Dylan s Newport moment This moment is also representative of the paradigm shift from rock and roll to just rock Rock was more accessible to a wider more mature audience and proved to be something you can talk and think about o After this Greenwich Village moves to Los Angeles and folk rock is official The Byrds o This was a band of former folk musicians from the East coast who formed a folk rock band in Los Angeles The most important of these were David Crosby and Roger Gwen They were very similar to the Beatles in both their look and their target audience Their first album Mr Tambourine Man with their cover of the Bob Dylan song of the same name reached 1 on the US and UK charts They created Jangle pop with the use of a 12 string guitar They were shooting for the middle ground between the Beatles and Bob Dylan and they reached 0 The Byrds used the Wrecking Crew for their recordings like the Beach Boys The Influence of the Beatles and Jangle Pop o The jangle pop sound continues to today with the use of a 12 string Rickenbacker 12 and meaningful lyrics 1970sTom Petty 1980s REM Still present in indie pop The Mamas and the Papas This was a group formed in 1965 Los Angeles who were originally folk singers from the east coast They had horrible group dynamics and broke up and got back together multiple times Their album If You Can Believe Your Eyes and Ears They were the founders of the Monterey Pop Festival After they broke up Mama Cass Elliot had a successful solo career but died of a heart attack in the early 1970s They were managed by Lou Adler who served as the Bill Graham of LA He is better known recently for attending Lakers games with Jack Nicholson Simon and Garfunkel 0 Released the The Sounds of Silence in 1965 which was incredibly successful Their producers added drums and electric bass after Simon and Garfunkel recorded because they knew where pure folk music was going o Their songs on The Graduate really put them on the map Blues Rock and 19603 Blues Revival To understand blues rock in England one must take into account o Britain has a class based economy that does not promote a myth of social mobility 0 Post war Britain was torn apart by the Battle of London and post war austerity measures Blues represents 0 a value system that offered an alternative way of dealing with the world 0 a romantic and exotic escape from mundane life to something sexy and glamorous 1st Form of British Blues Skiffle 0 British version of Americana somewhat of a mix of blues jazz and folk 0 Represented American blackness to British even though it couldn t be farther from 0 Popular among teens because of relative sexuality and the simplicity of the performance 0 Many artists got their start here including Jimmy Page Alexis Korner father of British blues o Originally from France and moved to London in the 1940s 0 got together groups of blues artists in 1961 including Charlie Watts Jack Bruce Ginger Baker Mick Jagger Keith Richards Brian Jones Rod Stewart John Mayall Jimmy Page Graham Bond Alexis Korner Invited American blues performers to the UK including Muddy Waters Arranged bands and gigs Rolling Stones 0 In 1962 they went to record with Chess Records and recorded 14 tracks in 2 days 0 Reintroduced Americans to their own music No Turned white teens in USA onto the white British version of Black American blues 0 They were 1st on the UK charts for Little Red Rooster in 1964 which was recorded in the Chess Records studio o Their appeal was due to their attempt to be black and gritty exuding an air of sexuality mystery and danger 0 use of the harmonica and slide guitar reflected Mississippi Black Blues John Mayall 0 Similar to Korner he put together bands such as his own the Bluesbreakers which included Eric Clapton and John McVie Clapton o Clapton had originally been part of the Yard Birds but did not want to be a pop star 0 In the Bluesbreakers Clapton s guitar playing proved to be mind blowing due to his use of a distorted electric sound made with a Les Paul and a Marshall amplifier o After the success of the bluesbreakers Clapton starts Cream with Jack Bruce on bass and voice and Ginger Breakers on drums o Cream released two albums Fresh Cream in 1966 and Disraeli Gears in 1967 0 One of the first white blues guitarists to gain fame American Blues revival o in US around since 1910s and 203 and always associated with blackness yet white young audiences became interested in authenticity and black music Albert King o influence for Clapton and Hendrix c From Mississippi but moved to Chicago o Released Born Under a Bad Sign Butterfield Blues Band 0 Started by Paul Butterfield who sang and played harmonica and sang and had Mike Bloomfield was the lead guitarist and somewhat of an American Clapton a band formed in Chicago that was kind of like the Cream of the United States Giving electric blues rock a white face for those who weren t comfortable listening to black artists o Gives blues to the white counterculture The American blues scene is more about respecting tradition and reflecting history of the blues rather than a form of self exploration Jimi Hendrix American who comes out of British blues rock scene from impoverished family in Seattle Played RampB guitar constantly when he was young Enrolled in the army in 1961 was taken to the south where he heard real blues and was discharged a year later and forms the Kings Kasuals in 1962 played gigs with Little Richard and the lsley Brothers Moved to New York to play but found the Harlem Scene more narrow than he expected and didn t really know much about black music styles that are traditional in the black community 0 Was heard by Linda Keith Keith Richards Girlfriend who hooked him up with Chas Chandler Chas Chandler moves him to England and gets him a band In England race gives him a real boost since he is authentic aka black in the span of a few weeks he is introduced to Eric Clapton and upstages him at a cream concert Jimi Hendrix Experience included Noel Redding on bass and Mitch Mitchell on drums and when they made their first appearance the Beatles The Rolling Stones the Animals and Pete Townshend and John Entwistle and Brian Epstein Within months Hendrix is famous within London with the Rolling Stones the Who The Beatles and Cream Electric Guitars Been around since the 19303 The first was basically acoustic with pickups for added volume In the 19503 people realized the electric guitar gave opportunities for experiment such as bending the strings putting it into overdrive on the amp using the whammy bar to change tension on the strings slide used Hendrix takes electric instrument and takes it to a new level bringing abilities and flashiness to stage Got together with Roger Mayer who designed stomp boxes and other electronics for Hendnx
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