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STS Study Guide and Review for Hour Test 1

by: Ann Carter Herbert

STS Study Guide and Review for Hour Test 1 STS 1010

Marketplace > Clemson University > Applied Science > STS 1010 > STS Study Guide and Review for Hour Test 1
Ann Carter Herbert

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Review for Test 1
Survey of Science and Technology in Society
Professor Scott Brame
Study Guide
STS, Study Guide, review
50 ?




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Popular in Applied Science

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to STS 1010 at Clemson University taught by Professor Scott Brame in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Survey of Science and Technology in Society in Applied Science at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
STS Hour Test 1 Review Preparation  Part one Introduction:  Metacognition: thinking about thinking  Worldview: how you perceive things, that technology does not change us as people  Science: Body of Beliefs (we hold them to be true)  Justified Beliefs; all you need for technology o Only has to meet one criteria- it has to work o On the other hand, science can't just work, we have to know WHY it works o We do science to find out WHY  Aren’t S&T the same thing? No  What is Science: knowledge attained through study or practice; or; knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws  Science is a process; science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge by using observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena  Less formally, the word science often describes any systematic field of study or the knowledge gained from it  Did science or technology come first? o Technology came first…think cavemen making tools to survive, that is technology. Science is a luxury; therefore cavemen didn’t have the luxury or time to practice science  What does Science do? The most general description is that the purpose of science is to produce useful models of reality  What is Technology? o A strict definition is elusive o “technology” can refer to amterial objects of use to humanity, such as machines, hardware or utensils, o but it also encompass broader themes, including systems, methods, etc  Tech was developed to enable us to things we could not do previously, or to do things: o Faster o Easier o Cheaper  Humans are not the only organisms to use technology o BUT humans are the only ones that ask WHY; therefore Science or art is our claim to fame as humans, not technology  Technology came first as we needed to survive  Science: came later as we needed to know why Why Technology is not value neutral:  Technology modifies: o Social roles o Relationships o Values o The way you think o The way you act (manners)  How things change: *** remember these*** o Technological progress has three kinds of effects:  The desired  The unforeseen  The foreseen  Example: o The cell phone:  Broken down car  Foreseen and desirable  Obsession or addiction to phone  Unforeseen and undesirable  Over sharing: people sharing private info by talking on the phone in public which was previously seen as unacceptable o A break down in manners and reshaping of manners  Bottom line: o If technology yields a benefit, it will extract a cost  Readings to know: o “Volti Chapter 2” Winners and Losers:  Every Technological change (and scientific breakthrough) gives certain people advantages and creates disadvantages for other  It is impossible for everyone to benefit o Yir Yomont o Luddites- people that resist technology  Workers afraid of losing their jobs  Unskilled labor replacing skilled laborers (for less $)  Recent wars had depressed economies o Neo-Luddites- no one can actually be a luddite, but people can resist certain technologies for various reasons o Technological fixes are more like band aids to a cure because it does not usually address underlying social unbalance o “Wired for Distraction” o If this is being lost, the what valuable skill is being gained? Concentration:  The concern is that MT is robbing digital natives of their ability to concentrate for an extended period of time  If this is being lost, then what valuable skill is being gained? o Time efficiency o Accessibility o Greater span of knowledge in a shorter time o Broader information o Greater access to sources  Your Brains on computers o This can change how people think o In its absence people get bored o Easily amused because easily bored o Even after the multitasking ends, the multi tasking state of mind continues o Anything you do rewires your brain o “Attached to Technology and Paying a Price” o “Is Facebook making me Lonely” o “Scientific Flaws of Online Dating Sites” o “Dating in a Digital World” o “Is Google making me stupid” Is Google making me stupid?  The argument is that it is: o Efficient o Saves you time o Easier access o World of information, larger amount of resources o Filtering capacities  This is one of the most controversial concepts, because it tells you what you want to see  While you think you’re the one making the decision about what you want, it’s actually Google telling you it is the best one  The question is: o Does this make you SMARTER? o How does one develop their intelligence? o How does it make you less smart?  Skimming phenomenon  You don’t analyze the material fully  Lack the ability to concentrate o Deep analysis:  Recognize that there is more than what is presented  An examination of the evidence (an understanding of the truth) o Inability to delay instant gratification o “Disappearance of Childhood” History of Childhood:  Prior to 1500’s o Children were considered adults when they could talk o From about age 7 The importance of Books:  One of the defining characteristics of an adult is that they know (or know more) on certain topics than children do o These are called “adult secrets”  Reading requires the reader to interpret complex passages  The process of analytic decoding promotes a higher level of decoding  Reading allows you to develop your intelligence to a higher level o Reading requires patience  TV: there is no “children’s television” Sesame Street is no less complicated to decode than any adult show o Television content is undifferentiated in its complexity o This explains why so many children and adults watch the same shows TV:  Lowers attention span o This effects children in reading and in school o Watching TV is a passive activity o You don’t have to listen to TV, you just have to watch it  All you have to have is pattern recognition  Blurs the lines between childhood and adulthood o Childhood is disappearing, not children in general o TV news=entertainment o Levels of abstraction are out of order o Inability to delay gratification o Diminished capacity to interpret linguistic and mathematical symbolism o Delays IQ and Emotional intelligence o May suffer from poor impulse control o It will get harder to separate the child from adult  o “Thanks for oversharing” Over sharing:  Putting something down in words can be a powerful way of showing social etiquette  What used to be information that used to be private or personal is now shared in a social group of people (i.e. talking on a cell phone in a crowd of people you don’t know)  People are forced to “eavesdrop” by being forced to listen to other people share this private information around you  This idea that this is acceptable is new, it didn’t use to be this way  Videos to Review: o First 43 minutes of “Digital Nation”  n/view/ Digital Nation Film (watched for Homework):  What is a Digital Native? o Someone born in the digital age, grew up around technology o Gives the advantage to do what is physically impossible; the ability to do two things at one time (multi-task)  What are the implications of being one? o Patience is lost o Mistakes are more easily made o Less of a better understanding (this is a lower order understanding) o A non-digital native could explain a subject as a 5 grade level once they clearly understand it o Loss of confidence in research  For those who were not born as such, how differently do they (the non-digital native) see the world?  Once the non-digital natives (aliens) are gone, what will have been lost?  The opening theme put forth by the film maker is that she “did not see if coming”  Now, the “geek” identity is more widely accepted and are seen as something much more cool  The nature of education has changed  There is now pressure on the teacher to demand students attention over the distraction of the technological worl  Her concern is that this now places teachers in the uncomfortable position of conforming to the students expectations  Fact: Networking/ Multi-Tasking interferes with the ability to focus  Some students think it is unfair for a professor to limit their access to multi-tasking during class  Students believe they are adept at networking and that the professor is “behind the times” The Stanford Study:  A problem: the technology is changing so fast that there is no real understanding of the effects  Research on the effects will lag behind the progress Facts about your brain:  Before you reach the age of 20, you are still developing the myelin that allows nerve signals to flow freely in your brain  So?  So the brain of most college age individuals is still developing  Addiction is a form of learning o Ted Talk  er.html  Review Class PPTs for Test 1 o ntent.jsp?course_id=_101422_1&content_id=_2451735_1 o found in blackboard  Helpful Voiceover Reviews for each Power Point: o ntent.jsp?course_id=_101422_1&content_id=_2451766_1 o found on blackboard 


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