Week 3 Study uide
Week 3 Study uide Soci 3216
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Dorian Williams on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soci 3216 at Georgia State University taught by William Albertson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Gender and Society in Sociology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Dorian Williams 01/31/2016 Week 3 Pay special attention when reading the book to the title and subtitles of each chapter Chapter 3 Bodies Psychologist-Janet Hyde is important to the study of gender and society because the purpose of many aspects studied is credited to the studies that were conducted by Hyde. Gender difference and similarities- time and cultures o Psychologically the studies were also subjected to manipulations o “7,084 studies- 124measures of differences thought, feeling, behavior, intellectual ability, communication, styles and skills, personality traits, measures of happiness and well-being, physical abilities, and more.” (Wade. Ferrer 2015) o Table 3.1 of the book shows the size of differences; no size differences between w and m of 30%of traits examined. 48% there small gender differences. 15% there was medium differences. 6% there were large differences. 2% there were Extra-large differences. o Figure 3.1 shows the gap in graph form- med-Lg for 22% traits; mod physical aggression (62-80% than 50% of women) men are better at turning the object in their head 50% more than women; physical ability is more on the 80% men throw farther than 50% of women MEASURING SEX DIFFERENCES- REAL 1- Sex differences are real if we can measure them. 2- Sex differences are real if they are observed in all or most contemporary and historical cultures. 3- Sex differences are real if they are biological. 4- Sex differences are real if they are biological and immutable. o Definition 1- Sex differences are real if we can measure them. o 22% of sex differences Hyde found medium-sized or larger sex differences; real observed differences. o Differences in sex by actions show when people are known to be observing them. o %Women masturbate less than a % of men o Definition 2:Sex differences are real if they are observed in all or most contemporary and historical cultures. o 1992 Mattel released talking doll that referenced lower math skills of W than M Boys SAT scores are higher in a high-school than girls scores but it varies by culture. Read pages 41-42 to note differences in scores by culture view tables o Definition 3- Sex differences are real if they are biological. Learned differences- nurture debate- acquired after birth taught- “differences result of how you were raised.” (Wade. Ferree. 2015) Biological differences- nature debate- innate at birth- “caused by hormone, brain morphology, or genetics.” (Wade. Ferree. 2015) Dorian Williams 01/31/2016 Read pages:43-48 read each topic Definition 4- Sex differences are real if they are biological and immutable. Real if by biology and bot be social intervened (training and tricking) --“Manipulation of the subjects to produce different results” The nature/nurture debate; biological/socialization; naturalism/culturalism. “Blank Slate” Read pages: 50-51 Gene-environment interaction- evolution and adaptation Hormonal feedback loops-emotions are tied to the fluctuation of hormones; temperament connection to thoughts Brain plasticity- brain response and environment trained to respond Performances Chapter 4 Men and women are not natural opposite Sandra Bem’s four-year-old son, Jeremy, decided to wear barrettes to preschool one day. Bem recalls: Several times that day, another little boy insisted that Jeremy must be a girl because “ only girls wear barrettes.” Read pages: 60-61 Doing gender- actively obey and break gender rules. Gender rules: are instructions for how to appear and behave as a man or a woman –social construction in an instructional pamphlet; Cultural agreements (football slap on the butt for a “good job” or “job well done”) Read pages: 61-62 More in study guide 3 for chapter 4 References Wade, L., & Ferree, M. M. (2015). Gender: Ideas, Interactions , Institutions. New York: W. W. Norton Co.
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