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Medical Microbiology 108 Exam 3 Study Guide

by: Lindsey Webster

Medical Microbiology 108 Exam 3 Study Guide Bio 108

Marketplace > Ferris State University > Science > Bio 108 > Medical Microbiology 108 Exam 3 Study Guide
Lindsey Webster
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Covers everything form unit 3. Medical Microbiology 108.
Medical Microbiology
Anne Spain
Study Guide
Science, Biology, Ferris State, medical, Microbiology
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lindsey Webster on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 108 at Ferris State University taught by Anne Spain in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Medical Microbiology in Science at Ferris State University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
Medical Microbiology 108 Terminology       Germicidal­ Kills germs or microbes I. Bactericidal­ Kills bacteria II. Bacteriostatic­ Inhibits bacterial growth III. Sporicidal­ Kills bacterial endospores IV. Fungicidal­ Kills fungus V. Fungistatic­ Inhibits Fungal growth VI. Virucidal­  Destroys viruses       Sterilization­ Destruction of all living and viable microbes including bacterial endospores I. Sterile­  Free of all microbes II. Sterilant­ Agent that does the sterilizing (Bleach, autoclave)       Disinfection­ Destruction of most microbes from inanimate surfaces vegetative cells, but not  endospores I. Disinfected­ Free of 99.9% germs II. Disinfectant­ Product that does the disinfecting          Antisepsis­ Destroys microbes on human tissues (living tissues) I. Antiseptic­  Agent that kills microbes on tissue (skin)           Sanitization­ Reduction of the numbers of microorganisms to a safe (Sanitary) level I. Sanitizer­ Agent that sanitizes           Decontamination­ Mechanical removal of microbes Mode of action­  The method by which a physical or chemical antimicrobial method inhibits or  kills microbes (how a method targets a microbe for destruction)  pH, temperature, and chemicals destroy cell structures  Metabolisms and protein synthesis inhibit cell processes Methods of Controlling Microbial Growth Physical Methods­  Heat  o Bactericidal o Mode of action­ denatures proteins o Used for disinfection or sterilization  Dry Heat  o Used to Sterilize o Bactericidal o mode of action.................?  Moist Heat  o Hot water/pasteurization o  60­70 C for a long time  Disinfects o Boiling water o  100 C  Disinfects o Steam heat under pressure(autoclave) o  Sterilizes  Cold Temperatures   o Bacteriostatic o Used to preserve food and prevent spoilage o  Refrigeration­ 4C  Freezing­   ­20C  Radiation  o Bactericidal o mode of action­ Damages DNA o Can be used to disinfection or sterilization o  Non­ Ionizing (UV radiation)   Used to Disinfect  Ionizing(Gamma Irradiation)   Used to Sterilize


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