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ECU / Philosophy / PHIL 2274 / What is psychological egoism theory about?

What is psychological egoism theory about?

What is psychological egoism theory about?

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What is psychological egoism theory?



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Psychological Egoism

theory. we are all egoists by nature

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Utilitarianism

by John Stuart Mil(1806-1873) Mill studied views of Jeremy Bentham

- believed there are 2 sovereign masters - their job


What is the utilitarianism theory of ethics?



to determine what you shall do + should do (pleasure + pain) pieasure : sex, recognition, accomplishment, food, exercise pain: death, grief, injury, disease, deprivation Eutility = pleasure - paing

if pain, pleasure > Stop doing it


Does mental health bring happiness?



tud Sou

Happiness mental state pleasure, pain- feelings associated wl the body (in mind) Don't forget about the age old question of What puts people at risk for risk?

- pleasure leads to happiness

X is right IFF x maximizes utility for effected group as a whole (what's best for whole bop together) brings about greatest amount of pleasure

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decision matrix

1 2 3 4 5 - - - - -

. 5 people trapped, havent eaten 5. can be rescued in 3 days

B Cam Lottery

-

4

Stud

L = I life o neutral. Hal dead

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According to utilitarianism, Cannibal Lottery is best option for all, Better chance of Survival 37-5 If you want to learn more check out Why aren’t we active?

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@ StudySoup

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Categorical imperative

by Immanuel Kant (wrote The Critique of Pure Reason sowie

and Grounding)

• Golden Rule - given by confucius - answered: Shu - treat others the way you want to be treated

do unto others as you would have them do unto you" Sovie stated in most religions If you want to learn more check out What are the fundamentals of individual values?

kant didn't believe in Golden Rule - peopie wish to be

treated differently

• Friedrich Nietzsche (d. 1900) didn't like Golden Rule - believed in living wl power can't all be equal

hate enemies

• Kant dislikes Golden Rule:

| Permits some immoral acts 2. Fails to require moral duties If you want to learn more check out What affects the rate of diffusion?

Skydy Soup

Categorical imperative unconditional command

- most be followed under any condition > X is right IFF you can will X to be a universal law

X: maxim (whatever you are doing) universal law: what if everyone did it

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Study Soup If you want to learn more check out What is the difference between unsaturated, saturated and supersaturated?

CASE STUDIES

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Case 2.1

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& Studysouls

· Harvard Business School - Harvard was sending out acceptance rejection

letters months later - applicants found way

to access Harvard site to view accept reject - couldn't change decision but could view - in 9 hours - 119 applicants logged on to If you want to learn more check out What is the difference between non-response bias and response bias?

view results Harvard then rejected these 119 applicants - considered 'hacking unauthorized obtaining

of information 19705 - Harvard admission stopped looking at legacy + Soley view grade s -- lost so much money + had to let legacy back in

Case 2.2

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sou

SuldySous

Pinto car - public wanted smaller, fuel efficient car - Lee Tacocca w Ford wanted to make cheaper

fuel efficient cars - Economy had select days to get gas (alphabet - Pinto - Compact, small car tested qas tank

in back - kept expioding, add cheap metal bar - manufactured 12.5 m * & bar → 137m 8 - 180 deaths, 180 burned, 2,100 totalled Pintos muays200,000 $67,000

$700 repair anticipated losses

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