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ISU / Physical Education / P E 101 / List the six major causes of infectious diseases.

List the six major causes of infectious diseases.

List the six major causes of infectious diseases.

Description

School: Indiana State University
Department: Physical Education
Course: Fitness for Life
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: chapter one, chapter two, chapter three, Fitness, Study Guide, health, wellness, diseases, Prevention, and Obesity
Cost: 50
Name: Chapters One, Two, and Three--Study Guide
Description: These are basically an amalgamation of the first two sets of chapter notes--all of this should be pertinent to the upcoming exam.
Uploaded: 02/01/2016
7 Pages 38 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews

Antonina Parisian (Rating: )

If you want to pass this class, use these notes. Period. I for sure will!



Chapter One 


List the six major causes of infectious diseases.



Health—the ability of individuals/communities to adapt and self-manage when  facing physical, mental, and social challenges

*More than just the absence of illness

Wellness—balance of the mind, body, and spirit resulting in an overall feeling of  well-being

*Positive feelings and experiences

Fitness—the ability to be physically suitable to perform daily tasks and healthy  enough to fight off disease

Change in Living Conditions: 

1900

∙ Life expectancy—47 average for males and females

∙ Major cause of death: Communicable diseases

1960

∙ Life expectancy—69.8


Why aren’t we active?



o Females—73.1

o Males—66.6

∙ Major cause of death: Chronic diseases

2010

∙ Life expectancy—78.2

o Females—80.8

o Males—75.8 Don't forget about the age old question of What is a type of individual value that is concerned with power and prestige, often at a cost to others, and incorporates a critical and power-oriented view?

∙ Major cause of death: Chronic diseases

Infectious Diseases 

Viruses

Bacteria

Parasites

--Tuberculosis

--Meningitis

--Sexually transmitted diseases

--Respiratory diseases

Chronic Diseases 

Persistent

Long lasting

Lasts more than 3 months

---Autoimmune disease

---Lupus


How pathogen is transmitted from a reservoir to a host?



---Crohn’s

---Cancer

---Cardiovascular disease

---Diabetes

Prevention—what you do today affects what you become later 

∙ A good health and wellness program includes physical activity and nutrition. Components of wellness 

∙ Financial—ability to manage funds in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle ∙ Social—ability to interact successfully with people We also discuss several other topics like What are the two types of cardiac cells?

∙ Environmental—ability to promote health measures that improve the  standard of living and quality of life

∙ Intellectual—ability to learn and use information effectively

∙ Emotional—ability to control stress and express emotions appropriately ∙ Physical—ability to carry out daily tasks, fitness, maintain adequate nutrition,  health, avoidance of alcohol and drugs

∙ Spiritual—meaning and direction in life, enables you to grow, learn, and meet  new challenges.  

∙ Vocational—balance between work and leisure to promote health and  satisfaction We also discuss several other topics like How do you know if its london dispersion or not?

Deficiency diseases—insufficient supply of some essential dietary element (rickets,  scurvy, malnutrition)

Hereditary diseases—passed through genetics (sickle cell anemia) Pathogenic disease—due to a microorganism i.e. bacteria, fungus (E. Coli, Lyme)

Physiological disease—malfunction of the organs or a system in the body (asthma,  hypertension)

Infectious agent—pathogen

Reservoir—host, the body

Portal of Exit—way agent is release from reservoir, out of the body

Route of Transmission—how pathogen is transmitted from reservoir to host, mucus  membrane

Portal of Entry—way into host, mouth, nose, eyes, cut, genitals Susceptible host—pathogen’s new home, another body

STDS 

Bacteria

--Chlamydia

--Gonorrhea

--Syphilis

Fungal

--Yeast infection If you want to learn more check out What is a third variable that affects both the explanatory and response variable and makes it seem like there is a connection?

Viral

--Hepatitis B

--Herpes simplex

--HIV

--HPV

Parasites

--Crabs

Chapters Two/Three 

Disease:

∙ Signs and symptoms show some type of abnormality ∙ Impairs normal functioning

∙ Physical and/or emotional

∙ May alters life or perspective of life

Acute Disease:

∙ Short Duration

∙ Comes on rapidly

∙ Accompanied by distinct symptoms

Infectious Disease:

∙ Spreads from one person to another

∙ Communicable

∙ Contagious

∙ Transmissible

Six Major Causes of Infectious Diseases 

--Bacteria If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of encoding in communication?

--Virus

--Fungi

--Protozoa

--Parasitic worm

--Prions

Risk Factors: 

*Some, not so controllable

∙ Age

∙ Heredity

∙ Environment

∙ Socio-economical status

*Some controllable

--Starts with healthy eating and physical activity

--Boosts immune system

--Do regular physical activity

--Eat a healthy, balanced diet

--Keep your living area clean

--Keep good hygiene  

--Keep free of smoking, drinking, and drugs

--Avoid people who are sick

--Keep immunization up to date

Non-Communicable Diseases: Don't forget about the age old question of How do you calculate derivatives?

∙ Medical condition

∙ Non-infectious

∙ Chronic

∙ Over 63% of all deaths are linked to non-communicable disease Risk Factors: 

∙ Background, lifestyle, environment, genetics

∙ Heredity and deficiencies in nutrition

--Heart disease

--Lung disease

--Hypertension

--Asthma

--Cancer

--Diabetes

--Arthritis

--Stroke

--Chronic kidney disease

--Osteoporosis

--Alzheimer’s

Fat Mass 

Essential Fat:

∙ Needed for the body to function normally

∙ 3 % males

∙ 9-12% females

Non-essential Fat

∙ Reserve energy source  

∙ Adipose Tissue under the skin and around organs in fat cells

Fat Free Mass: 

∙ Muscle (or protein)

∙ Bone (or mineral)

∙ Water (60—70%)

Obesity—Body Mass Index 30 or higher

Body Mass Index—measure of an adult’s weight in relation to his or her height,  specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his or her height in meters

Body Composition and Health 

Obesity increases the risk for: Early death, CV disease, Type II diabetes, and certain cancers

Fat distribution affects health

Increased weight—decreased physical performance

**Body comp (weight) affects self-image

Physical activity—any movement of the body requiring the expenditure of energy **60% of US population not active enough, 25% not active at all Why Aren’t We Active? 

∙ Lack of Time

∙ Social Influence

∙ Lack of Energy

∙ Lack of Willpower

∙ Fear of Injury

∙ Lack of Skill

∙ Lack of Resources

∙ Exercise Not Enjoyable

Benefits of Regular Activity:

∙ Lower blood pressure

∙ Control weight

∙ Build and maintain healthy bones and muscles

∙ Older adults become stronger, decrease their risk of falling

∙ Promote psychological well-being

Reduced risk of: 

∙ Premature death

∙ Heart disease

∙ Diabetes

∙ High blood pressure

∙ Cancer

∙ Feelings of depression or anxiety

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