Week 3 of Ancient World History
Week 3 of Ancient World History HIST 170
Popular in World History, Ancient-1500
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Friedrichsen on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 170 at Colorado State University taught by Derek Everett in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see World History, Ancient-1500 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Video Notes: Djoser: Reined from 2667 BC to approx. 2650 BC Was the king of Egypt that arose at the same time as building with stone arose. His architect’s name was Imhotec. Imhotec built Djoser’s tomb. The tomb was built in Saqqara. The tomb had two underground chambers that were 1000 feet away from each other. o First tomb: holds the body of Djoser. o Second tomb: holds the organs of Djoser. Above the tombs is a step tomb. o The step tomb was 20 stories tall. His tombs had hieroglyphics drawn on the walls. Snefru: Reined from 2613 BC to 2589 BC Snefru marries his halfsister to keep the blood line as pure as possible He was obsessed with engineering perfection. In order to build all the tombs, he ends up building, he has to get money by looting nearby towns. His first tomb was built in Meydum. o This tomb had smooth sides. o He abandoned this tomb. Then he built a tomb is Dashur. o It had structural/foundation problems that cased cracks. o Ends up becoming the bent pyramid. Last pyramid was a mile north of Dashur called the Red Pyramid. o This was the last try for a tomb because the empire was running out of money. o The stones were bigger on this tomb. o Each stone took twenty men to pull. Sesostris III: 1854 BC (the middle kingdom period) He was a leader that cared for his people, but was ruthless with others. He built super forts. o His forts were built for defense with a wall that lead to a mot that lead to another two layered wall with archers along it. o They housed 1,000 troops at a time. o They are now under water in a lake. He reined for 39 years. Hatshepsut: 1479 BC Hatshepsut takes over after her husband dies; her son is not old enough to take thrown so she takes over. She becomes very manly in her appearance. Her architect is Senenmut, but he is also supposed to be her lover. He built her a unique temple that took fifteen years to build. To make her people look up to her she told them she came from the gods. In 1459 BC her lover, Senenmut, disappears. A year later, in 1458 BC, she perishes quietly. Her son then destroys all of her statues and any remembrance of her. Amonhotep IV: 1352 BC to 1336 BC He takes over after his father, the son of Hatshepsut, dies. He changes his name to Akhenaten after the sun god. He changes the capitol from Thieves to Akhetaten (Amarna) His people don’t like the move. The new capital is set up like a sun with him as the center. Within two years he had a city that sustained 20,000 people. In his city he had four palaces for himself. In 1336 he dies. His people then destroyed all of his pictures and monuments. His son would then take over. Seti I (King Tut): 1294 BC to 1279 BC Akhetaten’s son. He would lead the people back to Thieves. Relied on conquest and construction. His tomb is the grandest tomb. He dies unexpectedly in 1279 BC. Ramesses II: 1279 BC to 1212 BC Father to 110 sons and probably as many daughters. Abu Simbel is the name of his tomb. His “true love” was Nefritary who he built statues of. At one point his buildings and statues were moved by archeologists to save them from rising water. Map Quiz One:
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