Content Exam 1 Study Guide
Content Exam 1 Study Guide Hist 1311
Popular in U.S. History to 1865
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Floyd on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Wendell A Hunnicutt in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
History 1311 Exam #1 Study Guide “When Cultures Collide” Terms Beringia – Land bridge between Siberia, Russia and Alaska Indian – Native of India Native American – First people populating America / Born in America Matrilineal – Acquire cultural inheritance from mother Matrilocal – Physically located with mother’s/wife’s family Silk Road – Trade route = Europe>Turkey>Afganistan>Northern India>China Astrolabe – Determines latitude Treaty of Tordesillas – Pope decides who gets what Puritan – Calvinists, purify church, predestination People Marco Polo – Son of a merchant Prince Henry – “The Navigator” Bartholomew Diaz – First person to reach Cape of Good Hope Vasco Da Gama – First European to India Christopher Columbus – Finds America searching for India Ferdinand Magellan – First person to go around the world Civilizations of the South Incas (South America) Largest in western hemisphere No written language Communicate by knotting strings Aztecs (Central America) Aggressive Invade neighbors Practice human sacrifice Mayans & Aztecs (Central America) Build pyramids Do not have wheels Civilizations of the North Approx. 7 million people before Columbus Complex and Varied civilizations Matrilineal Matrilocal Gender equality Tribal Cultures Life primarily focused on how to get food Agricultural Hunting, fishing, gathering Mississippians “Settled” Development of bows and arrows Build mounds Cahokia 100250 thousand people Arrived around year 8001000 Abandoned before Europeans arrived Eastern Woodlands Peoples (Wooded areas) Algonquian Iroquoian Muskogean Small and fragmented Complex and varied civilizations Constructed less permanent structure (limbs, twigs, leaves) Transfer of experiences Between Europeans and Natives “The Columbian Exchange” Europeans > Natives Disease – Very deadly < Most significant Crops Large Animals (Power) Technology (IE: guns, wheel…) Psychological Catastrophe Natives > Europeans Crops Animals Reformation Destroys religious unity Emphasized value of individuals High value on education & literacy Martin Luther – “95 Theses” John Calvin – Predestination, Calvinists/Puritans Henry VIII – Episcopal Church “Transplantations & Borderlands” Establishing Colonies Terms Primogeniture – First son inherits Restoration – Charles II becomes king, restores monarch 1660 Quaker – “Society of Friends” Pilgrim – Plymouth Plantation Mayflower Compact – Agreement, first government document Congregational Church – Congregation makes decisions Theocratic Society – Union of church & state Royalist – Church of England Parliament – Puritans “City Upon A Hill” – Moral example to the rest of the world Navigation Acts – Goods must come from English ships People Captain John Smith – “No work, no food” Pocahontas – Powhatan Indian marries John Rolfe John Rolfe – Tobacco Jonathan Winthrop – “A City Upon a Hill” William Bradford – Journal of Plymouth Colonies Roanoke – 1585 First English colony “The Lost Colony” Search for treasure/gold Joint Stock Company “The Virginia Company” Business, owned by shareholders Headright System Pay way for others to America = land ownership Indentured Servitude Way paid = contract to work 4,5,7 years Receive something at contract end The Glorious Revolution Remove King James > Give throne to daughter and soninlaw Parliament’s power UP vs King’s power DOWN 13 Colonies Virginia – 1624 (Originally Jamestown – 1607) Who: John Smith & John Rolfe Why: $$$ Maryland – 1632 Who: George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) Why: Religion Massachusetts – 1630 Who: Jonathan Winthrop, Puritans Why: $$$, Religion Rhode Island – 1636 Who: Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson Why: Religion Connecticut – 1636 Who: Thomas Hooker Why: Religion New Hampshire – 1638 Who: John Mason Why: $$$ New York 1626 Who: James, Duke of York Why: Acquisition, $$$ New Jersey 1664 Who: James, Duke of Jersey Why: Acquisition, $$$ Pennsylvania Who: William Penn Why: King’s debt to Penn Delaware Who: Peter Minuit Why: $$$, Religion North Carolina Who: 8 people loyal to King Charles II Why: $$$ South Carolina Who: 8 people loyal to King Charles II Why: $$$ Georgia – 1734 Who: James Oglethorpe Why: Penal Colony “Society & Culture” Indentured Servitude vs Slavery Indentured Servitude = Voluntary/Forced, Temporary Contract <Most significant Slavery = For Life, children become slaves Bacon’s Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon “No taxation without representation” Stono Rebellion Spanish in Florida encourage slaves in South Carolina to revolt Triangular Trade – Atlantic Trade Colonies > New England > Africa > Caribbean Trade routes form triangles in the Atlantic Common route: Colonies/Rum Africa/Slaves Caribbean/Sugar Colonies/Rum… Plantation Cash crops Selfcontained 9.5M slaves (10% to North America) Kinship, Complex family structure, Syncretic religion Puritan Community Centered around town, not plantations Democratic Witchcraft Phenomenon Salem Witch Trials Elizabeth Paris – Reverend Parris daughter Tituba – Servant tells stories 200+ accused, 20 executed (by hanging) Northern Economy Diverse agriculture, extractive industries Southern Economy Less diverse, cash crops (tobacco, indigo)
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