LARC160 Mid-Term Study Guide
LARC160 Mid-Term Study Guide LARC200
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by clcindy.lin on Monday February 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to LARC200 at University of Maryland taught by Dennis Nola in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
LARC160 Midterm Exam: 1. What is a floodplain? a. Land next to a stream/river that will flood during periods of high discharge (high level of water). 2. How can floods assist an area? a. Flooding cause nutrients and sediments in the stream/river to deposit on land with provides rich soil and fertilize vegetation. 3. What is a contour? a. Imaginary line that connect points of equal elevation. 4. What does a dashed contour line represent? a. Are supplementary line (enhance lines) between solid contour lines that indicates the elevation that is ½ between the two solid lines. 5. What is a gradient? a. A line that indicates an inclined part of a road/railway (a slope) 6. What is the minimum slope for good drainage? a. 1% (1/8 inches per foot) to 2% (1/4 inches per foot) 7. Can a section cut have a different vertical and horizontal scale? Why or why not? a. No because different scales will cause one thing to appear bigger than another object when in real life they are not or vice versa. 8. What are spot elevations? a. A point on a map/chart whose elevation is noted. 9. What are plant communities or a plant community association? a. Plant communities/plant community association are plants that like to grow next to each other to exchange nutrients. Never plant plants that are not in the same community together because they require different nutrients causing one plant to die and other to live. 10. What is a hardiness zone? a. Areas that is geographically defined with specific category of plant life. Defined by temperature (minimum degrees a plant can withstand). 11. What is MD’s0har0iness zone? 0 0 a. 7a (0 F-5 F) and 7b (5 F-10 F) 12. What are controlled access roads? a. Highways with no traffic lights, high speed, and 2-4 lines each way. 13. What are limited access roads? a. Arterial roads that connect controlled access roads. Some controlled access road characteristics. 14. What are minor collector roads? a. Local roads, low density, access to residential properties. 15. What are complete streets/green streets? a. Complete street that is for everyone: bicyclists, pedestrians, motorists, and transit rider. b. Green Streets are streets with vegetation that reduce runoffs and stormwater runoffs. 16. What are examples of natural systems? a. Things that naturally exist in nature: sun, soil, vegetation, climate, wildlife, etc. 17. What are examples of built systems as related to land development? a. Human built: buildings, roads, walkways, utilities, monuments, etc. 18. How do cultural systems influence design? a. Effect how designers design the site to attract most amount of human and understand how they are going to use the area. i. Western culture: like to stay on the outside/side and look inward to the center and observe what is happening in the middle, so sits and tables are usually located around the center. ii. Middle East: like center attention so most of the activities are in the center. 19. What is a 100-year storm event? a. Storms that have about a 1% of occurrence each year. So buildings are not built in the 100-year floodplains because the building has to last over 100-years and survive the 100-year storm when it occurs. (Building a 20-year storm resistant building and experiences a 100 year storm, the building will flood or destroyed. 20. What are examples of LID? a. Low-Impact Developments are designs/developments that reduce stormwater runoffs. Examples: Rain gardens, water collection areas, decrease impervious land (hard surface land), etc. 21. What are some of the benefits of LID techniques? a. Deduce stormwater runoffs, reduce flooding, recharge underground water instead of having the water directly entering the stream/river, reduce nutrients and harmful chemicals from entering the river. 22. What is an extensive green roof? a. Small garden that is not meant for people to walk on. The soil thickness is around 2 to 5 inches. The plants are usually small and have an height around 16 to 24 inches. 23. What is an intensive green roof? a. Are big commercial gardens that have lots of big plants and trees with soil thickness around 18 inches. This garden allows people to walk on it. 24. What physiographic region(s) are we located in? a. College Park Maryland is located on the western most point of the coastal region. b. The three major regions of Maryland are coastal, piedmont, and mountainous. 25. Why is Landscape Architecture a licensed profession? a. Make sure that the designs are designed to protect human health, safety, and welfare. 26. What is the ASLA’s definition of landscape architecture? a. Landscape architecture encompasses the analysis, planning, design, management, and stewardship of the natural and built environment. b. A professional who designs, plans, and manages outdoor spaces ranging from entire ecosystems to residential sites and whose media include natural and built elements; also referred to as a designer, planner, consultant. Not to be confused with landscapers, landscape contractors or nurserymen. 27. Are continuing education credits required for professional Landscape Architects in the state of Maryland? a. 24 credits every year. Bachelors or Masters 28. What is the difference between site inventory and site analysis? a. Site analysis answers “so what”; why it is there and why it is important to the proect. 29. According to Robert Ulrich what three things do workers experience that have views of nature from their workstations compared to employees with views to built environments? 30. What are three categories of landscape assessment related to design solution observations? a. Natural system, built system, and cultural system. 31. How did the agricultural revolution change human culture? a. 32. What is the IPCC definition of adaptation? a. Change structure/function of organism that makes it better suited to the environment. (adjust practices, structures, and processes. 33. Simonds and Starke definition of adaptation? a. The two key things to our survival are: perception (making aware of all conditions and apply factors) and deduction (deriving through reasons and use appropriate means of procedures.
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