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UA / Psychology / PY 370 / What are the four basic principles of hinduism?

What are the four basic principles of hinduism?

What are the four basic principles of hinduism?


School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: History & Systems in Psychology
Professor: Steele
Term: Fall 2015
Cost: 25
Name: PY 370 Chapter 2
Description: We talk about India and China: Buddhism Hinduism Confucious Then we move onto: The Roman Empire Fall of the Empire The Dark Ages Augustine The Middle Ages Thomas Aquinas
Uploaded: 02/01/2016
8 Pages 119 Views 4 Unlocks

2 Chapter 2: India & China

What are the four basic principles of hinduism?

1/28/16 Lo Hinduism religion played a huge part in shaping their culture



) Karma-deed d effect; totality of our actions reactions

-) Reincarnation--eliminates death; a rebirth into another physical birth If you want to learn more check out What is the main use of biotechnology?

after death, returns as a diff. form

What are the four noble truths of buddhism?

4) Darhna- how the law is represented - Dharma We also discuss several other topics like What was the outcome of mating between gaia and uranus?

A major difference

h Indian philosophy was often concerned with the individual

• Hinduism Books

Vedas 1500 B.C.E.: A Bible you could never read Upanishads : Expanded teachings on the Vedas

a to Think liner or cliff notes

What is holism in philosophy?

• Central Tenants . Dharma: Universal laws

Karma: Universes' balance through cause & effect

Life is one eternal circle.

Hinduism has an issue: this b Androcentrism: males and masculinity form the center of the


• Castes We also discuss several other topics like What can be found in lymph fluid?

The idea of Karma supported the idea of castes. Brahmins - Kings Kshatriyas - Warriors & Nobles

Vaishyas - Merchants, Crafts workers

2 Slaves, Cleaners Shudras - Bad Karma Untouchables people who did unclean things

MO MIQUELRIUS We also discuss several other topics like What is the term for the rules used in combining simple signs?


1128116 Hinduism * Cognition We have different processes

Seavana - bearing

• Manana - reflecting

• Nidid hy asana - meditating site

We don't perceive "reality" (as humans Transcendence: Knowledge beyond empirical experience

Yoga where it was designed

• to meditate on reality Soul: An infinite cycle of reincarnation based on your Karma

Buddhism 1) Life is suffering 2 feeling of attachment & desire leads to suffering If you want to learn more check out What was often considered the representative of the birth of psychology as a discipline?

3) Neutralize & expel all your ego achieve denena nirvana

4) seek wisdom 4 Noble Truths

1) Life is suffering

to Physical or Psychological 2) This suffering comes from ignorance 3) We can escape this suffering to 4) Seek to reduced suffering in oneself din other Don't forget about the age old question of What is the cocktail party effect?

The Middle W ay Ascetism : Abstinence from all worldly pleasures

We should not self-indulge nor self-punish



Buddhism The Soul -When the body dies, the soul lives on dis born again - This creates a new self - Thought experiment: What is the self?

Nirvana : perfect and profound peace and enlightenment. The Self

Trust yourself. You know more than you think you do. Indian Philosophy

Ti) Human Behavior 2) The Self


3) Morality

* China *

Confucious - Refused any idea of predestination

Lo men could be as virtuous as they wished to - Easily the most famous atheist ; refused gods & - Effort not the destination . Morality

Confucious and his students

Mencius: Humans are inherently good

- Only difference between the animals Hsun Tzu: Humans are inherently evil

Need education Philosophy e Law

• Holistics. Holism: Everything is interconnected La Concept of yin and yang ang asubu

Yin: Dark, soft, hidden feminine.

Yang : Bright, firm, open, mas culine * These balances brought about personality of human nature


Summary Indian Tradition:

Cognition tits abnormalities Chinese Tradition

Social issues Interconnectedness of physical & spiritual processes * The Roman Empire

212/16 to Western Roman Empire

- persisted 500 C.E.

- preserved greek kawowledge Galen - Doctor IPhilosopher - Romans did not just regurgitate - Medicine

* Three forms of pneuma:

- 1) Всіп

2) Heart

3) Liver Gave us •Nervous System

- Motor

- Sensory

• Catalogued reflexes

• Balance of humors

Morality Stoics greatly influenced Marcus Aurelius

so o Governed based on ethical principles The presence of an emperor employing Greek philosophy :

ensured those ideals pacientes perserved




• Fall of the Empire.

b Dark


PY 370


What happened to Europe after the fall of Rome? Would you be in class Thursday if the White House was bombed? No....

Unremarkable until 2nd millennium C.E.

Where did it go & come from?

• Eastern Roman Empire.

Byzantine Empire Arabic world kept Greek philosophy alive Middle East through North Africa

Galen Hippocrates




Al-Farabi. 1st Social Psychologist

studied how humans interacted in groups 4

Cities as analogies:


Dissolute Cagainst all virtues)

Ignorant (not knowing ) Turn coat (betrayal)


Ibn al-Haitham:

Dissected the eye il correctly explained a nd doen of

Lo How the eye perceived light on and class

t Binocular vision Why the sun gets bigger on the horizon

Ponzo Illusion






Iba Sina (Avicenna).

Described how ideal images exist in the soul

Creativity Sensory Information Lo Memory

to Results of perceptions Emotions effect on the mind body

• Morality Greek asceticism blended nicely w/ Islamic teachings

Mohammed as an example of behavior Refrain from worldly pleasures


4 Fidwasi & Nizami Islam and Science Mutazilites & Abul-Walid Ibn Rushd

Greek philosophy & Islamic religion free will, rationalism, Aristotelian logic

• " Dark Ages" in Europe.

Before the fall of the Western Romans to Christianity had become the dominant religion.

Roman Knowledge was preserved in monasteries - Scientific & Religions Knowledge become intermingled

•Scholastic Tradition: - Scholasticism: Catholic church teachings intermixed w/ Greek Philosoof - Philosophy & Theology are almost indistinguishable



• Plotinus Stated that the mind was an active force, not a possive receptacle

Cognitive Poycology The power of the soul Beauty could be defined to Gestalt LEctomorphis (perfectly symmetrical face)


Became fascinated with why people sin

Free will not Caritas: Ethical virtuous, controlled cupiditats: Desirous, violent, selfish Present in everyone

Importance of the soul Fundamentally altered perception on sexuality Lepure carnality Quickly adopted into Church teachings

Sin was experienced through guilt

• Formation of Guilty How often do you blame yourself for something you have no control

• Guilt as a coping mechanism •

Self-blame functions logically Lo Guilt motivates to Guilt gives us control Europe's Middle Ages. 1000 CE

The Catholic Church (Parental figure that people had to listen to)

to powerful enough to stabilize continent Warming

Farming growth & cities developed Cities support cities & gain wealth



• Middle Ages Mutazilites and Ibn Sina to Keeping Greek traditions alive Their Greek roots made it easy for Augustinian Europe to connect to Led to a resurgence in Psychological study

Thomas Aquinas Dominican friar

Soul unique to the loody Active state of soul in thought

Helped popularize Greek theories by placing them in Christian terms

•Back into the light

The integral nature of the soul & the specter of guilt and sin would Shape how Europe viewed Psychology for centuries to come

Ancient Roots

• Greek philosophy was shared around Europe & the Middle East by the


The Arab would incubated & built on these ideas white Europe went dark

• As Islam began to suppress scientific pursuits Europe was reawakening

& rediscovered their Greek roots

* No matter where o

Similarities: Greek

- Importance of the soul Jewish, Christion, or Muslim

to Human exceptionality

• Indian

- Emotional states Buddism, Hinduism

- Sensation & Perception

- Order to the World Confucianism More similarities than differences Religion at heart



• China


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