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FSU / American History / AMH 2097 / When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

Description

School: Florida State University
Department: American History
Course: Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
Professor: Amundson
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: history, FSU, and amh2097
Cost: 25
Name: Week 5 AMH2097
Description: Week 5 notes (2/1/16 - 2/5/16) with vocabulary words
Uploaded: 02/01/2016
6 Pages 159 Views 7 Unlocks
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2/1/16


When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?



& Election%of%1800

& US%and%France%went%to%war%in%1798

& The%Alien%and%Sedition%Acts were%passed%during%the%war%with%France

o These%acts%made%certain%types%of%speech%illegal

o People%that%were%convicted%under%this%act%were%republican

& Thomas%Jefferson%was%accused%of being%an%atheist

& John%Adams%was%accused%of%being%a%tyrant

& Thomas%Jefferson%won%the%election

& Jefferson’s%victory%signaled%shifts%to%a%democratic%party

& 1790s%– 1820s%partisan%political%system

& States%began%to%eliminate%owning%property%as%being%a%requirement%to%vote%in%elections & Jefferson%entered%office%and%reduced%the%military


Who acquired land in the famous louisiana purchase?



If you want to learn more check out What refers to the study of fungi?

& Jefferson%signed%on%January%1st 1808%to%make%slavery%illegal%and%end%the%slave%trade o 300,000%slaves%were%smuggled%into%the%US%after%the%end%of%the%slave%trade & In%1803%Jefferson%acquired land%which%doubled%the%size%of%the%United%States o The%Louisiana%Purchase Don't forget about the age old question of Why was status more important than gender in the 17th century?

o Sold%to%the%US%by%France%for%$15%million

o Thomas%Jefferson%justified%this%purchase%by%saying%it%was%good%to%get%France%out%of%the% US

o Many%citizens%believed%this%acquired%land%could%be%a%new%home%to%African%Americans & Thomas%Jefferson%asked%congress%to%provide%funding%for%mapping%territory%acquired%in%the% Louisiana%Purchase%and%land%in%western%North%America


What name did jackson call the native americans as slaves?



We also discuss several other topics like What are some examples of applied anthropology?

o Known%as%the%Core%of%Discovery

o In%1804%surveyors%set%out%from%St.%Louise%traveling up%the%Missouri%River o Noted%changes%from%forest%to%sandy%planes If you want to learn more check out What do occupational and relational roles pertain to?

o Eventually%came%to%a%full%on%battle%with%a%tribal%group%known%as%the%Lakota o Sent%a%barge%down%the%Missouri%River%with%plant%and%animal%specimen o Made%it%to%Oregon%and%returned%to%St.%Louise%in 1806

& The%US%entered%a%dispute%with%Russia

& The%War%of%1812 Don't forget about the age old question of What do you call the study of all aspects of environment?

o In%1811%members%of%the%Shawnee tribe%killed%US%troops

o The%Shawnee%eventually%lost%and%fled%to%Canada

o The%British%were%accused%of%inciting%Native%Americans

???? They%were%also%accused%of%smuggling%British%goods%into%the%US%through%Florida o James%Maddison%(the%4th president)%asked%for%declaration%of%was%against%the%British ???? Was%approved;%closest%vote%congress%has%ever%taken%on%declaration%of%war o Federal%government%troops%fought%along%the%Canadian%border%and%in%the%south o Near%the%end%of%the%war%in%1814%the%British%went%to%Washington%DC%and%burned%the% white%house%along%with%other%government%buildings Don't forget about the age old question of What refers to uniform distribution among society's members?

o The%British%tried%to%take%Baltimore%but%were%turned%back%by%American%troops o Generated%patriotism%in%the%US

o This%war%revealed%the%need%for%better%communication%and%transportation%in%the%US o Trade%in%US%with%Great%Britain%was%halted

& Republicans%who%use%to%oppose%big%military%began%to%expand%the%military

2/1/16

& Republicans%who%once%apposed%raising%taxes%also%wanted%to%begin%raising%taxes & Even%though%the%federalists%had%these%same%beliefs%and%values,%they%felt%the%need%to%oppose% what%the%republicans%wanted

o All%of%this%resulted%in%beliefs%of%the%two%parties%being%flipped

& Era%of%Good%Feelings 

o By%the%1810s%federalists%were%marginalized

o In%1816%James%Monroe%was%elected%president

???? He%revealed%plans%to%fix%roads%and%establish%congressional%amendments ???? Issued%a%national%bank

• 2nd bank%of%the%US

• Previously,%currency%was%issued%by%individual%banks

• Banks%began%to%print%more%money%than%they%had%gold

• The%government%received%bank%notes%as%payment%for%land%citizens%purchased o The%government%would%go%to%the%banks%to%claim%the%money

???? If%the%bank%could%not%pay%notes%it%would%be%shut%down

o This%era%ended%by%economic%crisis%and%stand%off%on%liberty

???? Banks%hit%debtors%hard%with%big%fees%and%high%interest

• Resulted%in%economic%problems

& In%1819%there%were%22%states%in%the%US

o 11%allowed%slavery,%11%banned%slavery

& Slavery%was%allowed%in%the%Louisiana%Purchase%territory

& The%Missouri%Compromise 

o Gradual%emancipation%laws%were%established%in%Missouri

o Congress%agreed%to%admit%the%state%of%Maine

???? Split%from%Massachusetts

o Banned%slavery%outside%of%Missouri%and%Arkansas%

o People%saw%the%Missouri%Compromise%would%continue%to%be%an%issue%in%the%US & By%1824%the%US%had%mostly%1%political%party

o Few%federalists%remained

& The%election%of%1824%– John%Quincy%Adams%vs.%Andrew%Jackson 

o John%Quincy%Adams%had%lots%of%ideas%that%he%believed%would%benefit%the%US%but%were% rejected

o Andrew%Jackson%won

& There%were%a%lot%of%advancements%between%1824%– 1828

o There%were%4%times%as%many%voters%in%1828%than%in%1824

& Jackson’s%slogan%for%the%election%was%“Adams%can%write;%Jackson%can%fight” o Jackson%was%a%slave%holder%and%was%generally%vague%on%every%issue

o He%was%born%in%a%log%cabin

o Jackson%was%prejudice%and%had%an%explosive%temper

& 2%new%political%parties%came%from%the%Feel%Good%Era

o Democratic%(who%supported%Jackson)%and%Whigs

& Mass%marches,%vigorous%debates,%and%party%machines%resulted%from%this%election & Jackson%believed%that%the%US%government%strayed%from%the%original%visions%Washington%had% for%it

2/1/16

& In%1829%officials%in%Cincinnati%ordered%that%all%black%residents%out%of%the%town%within%30%days o Whites%began%to%drive%them%out

& In%the%1830s%whites%in%Philadelphia%rallied%against%blacks

& Indian%Removal

o Jackson%termed%Native%Americans%as%“savage%enemies”

o Native%Americans%were%sent%to%Oklahoma%and%Kansas

o 1835%– 1842%Seminoles%fought%the%US%government%but%were%eventually%all%relocated o It%was%declared%that%all%Georgia%laws%applied%to%the%Cherokee

o In%1830%gold%was%discovered%on%Cherokee%land

o In%1835%the%Cherokee%gave%up%their%land

o In%1838%17,000%Cherokee%and%2,000%of%their%African%American%slaves%began%their% relocation%along%the%trail%of%tears%to%the%west

o Some%Cherokee%refused%to%relocate%and%were%forced%to%take individual%ownership%of% land

2/3/16

' Elites&became&concerned&about&mobs/&tyranny of&citizens

' Republicans&exercised&the&right&of&the&individual

' Americans&became&more&connected&to&the&rest&of&the&world&through&trade ' Spread&of&more&democratic&political&system

' People&migrated&west&to&land&which&was&being&separated, marked,&and&surveyed ' During&the&1st half&of&the&1800s&the&Market&Revolution occurred

o Kept&Americans&connected,&allowed&trade,&and&shipment of&goods

o Ground&transportation&was&expensive&and&cumbersome

o Sent&things&by&river&on&boats

???? Took&50&days&to&get&goods&from&Cincinnati&to&New&York

' New&technological&advancements&were&made in&the&early&19th century o Roads,&canals,&railroads,&and&telegraphs

o Opened&new&areas&of&the&US&for&settlement

o Lowered&the&cost&of&transportation

o Allowed&goods&and&ideas&to&spread&more&rapidly

' Roads

o 1800'1830&the&state&and&local&governments&started&to&invest&large&amounts&of&money& into&roads

o In&1806&congress&became&involved&by&funding&the&national&road

o Toll&roads&were&attempted&to&be&enforced&but&failed

o Horse&and&buggy&were&the&slowest&most&inefficient&way&to&move&goods ' Water&Transportation

o Robert&Fulton&developed&the&steamship 

???? Called&the&Clermont

???? It&demonstrated&it’s&potential&to&travel&on&the&Hudson river

???? Made&it&possible&for&ships&to&travel&upstream

o In&1825&New&York&completed&work&on&the&Erie&Canal 

???? It&was&financed&by&the&state&of&New&York&in&hopes&of&making&New&York&a&big&trading& center

o In&1837&multiple&states&went&bankrupt&after&attempting&to&build&canals&in&order&to&be& successful&like&New&York

o 3,000&miles&of&canals&existed&in&the&states&at&this&time

' Railroads

o 1828&construction of&the&first&railroad&began

o The&first&long&distance&railroad&in&the&US&went&to&South&Carolina

o By&1860&over&30,000&miles&of&railroad&were&in&use&in&the&US

' Telegraph

o Invented&in&the&1830s&by&Samuel Morse

o Considered&common&by&1840s

o In&the&1860s&15,000&miles&of&telegraph&lines&spanned&the&US

' Population&growth&in&1790'1840

o 5&million&people&settled&west&of&the&Appalachia mountains

o 18&new&states&joined&the&US&as&a&result&of&this

' The&Cotton&Kingdom&developed

2/3/16

o Caused&new&international&slave trade

' Americans&began&to&bleed&into&Florida&terriroty

o Florida&became&part&of&the&US&when&squatters&took&over&the&settlement&of&Baton&Rouge o In&1818&Andrew&Jackson invaded&Florida

o In&1819&the&Spanish&sold&Florida&to&the&US

' By&1860&80%&of&southerners&were&farmers

' Northern&society&became&more&integrated

' The&southern&economy&transformed&into&a&cotton&economy&which&mostly&traded&with& England

' The&north&transformed&into&an&agricultural&economy&which&traded&mostly&within&the&states ' The&west&sold&dairy&and&fruit&to&neighboring&cities

' American&cities&began&to&grow&rapidly

' In&1820s&12&cities&existed&in&the&US&with&populations&over&5,000

' Factory&system&began&to&develop

o Hired&artisans/craft&people

o Subdivided&work&(such&as&conveyor&belt&systems)&caused&less&skilled&workers&to&be& needed

???? Because&of&this, workers&faced&pay&cuts&and&longer&work&hours

' The&first&American&labor&unions&began&to&form&in&the&1830s

' Textile&production&was&one&of&the&first&to&use&factory&settings

' Industrial&Revolution

' Outwork&system

o Preface&to&factory&setting

o Allowed&additional&income&for&farm&woman

???? A&way&for&them&to&make&extra&income&on&the&side

' In&1809&factories&began&to&create&power&looms

' Lowell,&Massachusetts 

o City&of&textiles

???? Had&more&than&60&textile&factories

o Workers&were&mostly&young&single&women

???? There&families&would&send&them&here&to&work&and&they&would&live&in&dorm&style& housing

o Originally&textile&factories&could&only&exist&by&water

o In&1840&the&steam powered&engine&allowed&them&to&create&textiles&anywhere&on&land ' On&farms&time&was&regulated&by&weather&and&seasons

' In&cities&clocks&began&t&spring&up&and&change&the&way&people&viewed&time ' Americans&began&to&organize&their&lives&around&time&for&the&first&time&ever o Factory&work&was&closely&supervised&so&workers&had&to&be&on&time&and&stay&until&they& were&released

???? Americans&believed&this&violated&their&rights&of&freedom

' In&the&1820s&woman&stayed&in&boarding&houses&while&working&at&factories o These&factories&generally&had&churches&and&lecture&halls&to&convince&young&girls&parents& to&send&their&daughter&to&work

2/3/16

???? This&was&the&first&time&in&American&history&women&left&their&homes&and&became&part& of&the&economic&sphere

o Most&mill&girls&returned&home&after&a&few&years

???? They&would&get&married&or&move&after&returning&home

' Cult&of&Domesticity

o Middle&class&white&woman&saw&their&work&at&home&to&be&devalued once&young&girls& began&to&join&the&factory&work&force

o Under&the&Cult&of&Domesticity&woman&were&viewed&as&delicate&people&who&should&care& for&their&homes&and&stay&there

o Began&to&view&that&woman&were&nurtures&and&home&caretakers

' The&rate&of&childbirth&in&the&19th century&decreased

o Woman&chose&to&have&fewer&children

o In&cities&there&was&less&of&a&need&for&more&kids&to&do&farm&work

o The&idea&was to&have&fewer&children&and&focus&all&of&your&energy&on&the few ' During&this&time&period&freedom&for&men&and&woman was&based&on&filling&different roles ' Men&moved&freely&between&public&and&private&spheres

' Woman&were&taught&to&maintain&the&private&sphere&for&men

' Woman&were&not&allowed to&sign&contracts&in&their&own&name

' By&the&1830s&Europeans&saw&the&US&as&materialistic, energetic,&and&as&having&citizens&who& were&not&tied&down&to&the&land&in&which&they&lived

' The&Second&Great&Awakening 

o By&the&1840s&more&than&one&million&people&were&part&of&the&Methodist church o At&this&time&there&were&more&than&50,000&ministers&in&the&US

o Preachers&emphasized that&salvation&was&an&individual&choice

o Preachers&of&the&Market&Revolution&preached&industry,&sobriety,&and&self&control o The&Burned&Over&District&(around&Erie&Canal

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