×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FSU - HIS 2097 - Class Notes - Week 5
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FSU - HIS 2097 - Class Notes - Week 5

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

FSU / History / HIS 2097 / When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?

Description

School: Florida State University
Department: History
Course: Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
Professor: Amundson
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: history, FSU, and amh2097
Cost: 25
Name: Week 5 AMH2097
Description: Week 5 notes (2/1/16 - 2/5/16) with vocabulary words
Uploaded: 02/01/2016
6 Pages 57 Views 7 Unlocks
Reviews


2/1/16


When were the aliens and sedition acts passed?



& Election%of%1800

& US%and%France%went%to%war%in%1798

& The%Alien%and%Sedition%Acts were%passed%during%the%war%with%France

o These%acts%made%certain%types%of%speech%illegal

o People%that%were%convicted%under%this%act%were%republican

& Thomas%Jefferson%was%accused%of being%an%atheist

& John%Adams%was%accused%of%being%a%tyrant

& Thomas%Jefferson%won%the%election

& Jefferson’s%victory%signaled%shifts%to%a%democratic%party

& 1790s%– 1820s%partisan%political%system

& States%began%to%eliminate%owning%property%as%being%a%requirement%to%vote%in%elections & Jefferson%entered%office%and%reduced%the%military


Who acquired land in the famous louisiana purchase?



If you want to learn more check out How are specific genus and species names properly formatted?
We also discuss several other topics like Which war is the bloodiest war in american history?

& Jefferson%signed%on%January%1st 1808%to%make%slavery%illegal%and%end%the%slave%trade o 300,000%slaves%were%smuggled%into%the%US%after%the%end%of%the%slave%trade & In%1803%Jefferson%acquired land%which%doubled%the%size%of%the%United%States o The%Louisiana%Purchase 

o Sold%to%the%US%by%France%for%$15%million

o Thomas%Jefferson%justified%this%purchase%by%saying%it%was%good%to%get%France%out%of%the% US

o Many%citizens%believed%this%acquired%land%could%be%a%new%home%to%African%Americans & Thomas%Jefferson%asked%congress%to%provide%funding%for%mapping%territory%acquired%in%the% Louisiana%Purchase%and%land%in%western%North%America


What name did jackson call the native americans as slaves?



We also discuss several other topics like How does short-term adaptation occur?

o Known%as%the%Core%of%Discovery

o In%1804%surveyors%set%out%from%St.%Louise%traveling up%the%Missouri%River o Noted%changes%from%forest%to%sandy%planes

o Eventually%came%to%a%full%on%battle%with%a%tribal%group%known%as%the%Lakota o Sent%a%barge%down%the%Missouri%River%with%plant%and%animal%specimen o Made%it%to%Oregon%and%returned%to%St.%Louise%in 1806

& The%US%entered%a%dispute%with%Russia

& The%War%of%1812 

o In%1811%members%of%the%Shawnee tribe%killed%US%troops

o The%Shawnee%eventually%lost%and%fled%to%Canada

o The%British%were%accused%of%inciting%Native%Americans

???? They%were%also%accused%of%smuggling%British%goods%into%the%US%through%Florida o James%Maddison%(the%4th president)%asked%for%declaration%of%was%against%the%British ???? Was%approved;%closest%vote%congress%has%ever%taken%on%declaration%of%war o Federal%government%troops%fought%along%the%Canadian%border%and%in%the%south o Near%the%end%of%the%war%in%1814%the%British%went%to%Washington%DC%and%burned%the% white%house%along%with%other%government%buildings If you want to learn more check out In which ways is reality considered when it comes to perception process?

o The%British%tried%to%take%Baltimore%but%were%turned%back%by%American%troops o Generated%patriotism%in%the%US

o This%war%revealed%the%need%for%better%communication%and%transportation%in%the%US o Trade%in%US%with%Great%Britain%was%halted

& Republicans%who%use%to%oppose%big%military%began%to%expand%the%military

2/1/16

& Republicans%who%once%apposed%raising%taxes%also%wanted%to%begin%raising%taxes & Even%though%the%federalists%had%these%same%beliefs%and%values,%they%felt%the%need%to%oppose% what%the%republicans%wanted

o All%of%this%resulted%in%beliefs%of%the%two%parties%being%flipped

& Era%of%Good%Feelings 

o By%the%1810s%federalists%were%marginalized

o In%1816%James%Monroe%was%elected%president

???? He%revealed%plans%to%fix%roads%and%establish%congressional%amendments ???? Issued%a%national%bank

• 2nd bank%of%the%US

• Previously,%currency%was%issued%by%individual%banks

• Banks%began%to%print%more%money%than%they%had%gold If you want to learn more check out What are examples of abiotic organisms?

• The%government%received%bank%notes%as%payment%for%land%citizens%purchased o The%government%would%go%to%the%banks%to%claim%the%money

???? If%the%bank%could%not%pay%notes%it%would%be%shut%down

o This%era%ended%by%economic%crisis%and%stand%off%on%liberty

???? Banks%hit%debtors%hard%with%big%fees%and%high%interest

• Resulted%in%economic%problems

& In%1819%there%were%22%states%in%the%US

o 11%allowed%slavery,%11%banned%slavery We also discuss several other topics like Does market need to be in a single place?

& Slavery%was%allowed%in%the%Louisiana%Purchase%territory

& The%Missouri%Compromise 

o Gradual%emancipation%laws%were%established%in%Missouri

o Congress%agreed%to%admit%the%state%of%Maine

???? Split%from%Massachusetts

o Banned%slavery%outside%of%Missouri%and%Arkansas%

o People%saw%the%Missouri%Compromise%would%continue%to%be%an%issue%in%the%US & By%1824%the%US%had%mostly%1%political%party

o Few%federalists%remained

& The%election%of%1824%– John%Quincy%Adams%vs.%Andrew%Jackson 

o John%Quincy%Adams%had%lots%of%ideas%that%he%believed%would%benefit%the%US%but%were% rejected

o Andrew%Jackson%won

& There%were%a%lot%of%advancements%between%1824%– 1828

o There%were%4%times%as%many%voters%in%1828%than%in%1824

& Jackson’s%slogan%for%the%election%was%“Adams%can%write;%Jackson%can%fight” o Jackson%was%a%slave%holder%and%was%generally%vague%on%every%issue

o He%was%born%in%a%log%cabin

o Jackson%was%prejudice%and%had%an%explosive%temper

& 2%new%political%parties%came%from%the%Feel%Good%Era

o Democratic%(who%supported%Jackson)%and%Whigs

& Mass%marches,%vigorous%debates,%and%party%machines%resulted%from%this%election & Jackson%believed%that%the%US%government%strayed%from%the%original%visions%Washington%had% for%it

2/1/16

& In%1829%officials%in%Cincinnati%ordered%that%all%black%residents%out%of%the%town%within%30%days o Whites%began%to%drive%them%out

& In%the%1830s%whites%in%Philadelphia%rallied%against%blacks

& Indian%Removal

o Jackson%termed%Native%Americans%as%“savage%enemies”

o Native%Americans%were%sent%to%Oklahoma%and%Kansas

o 1835%– 1842%Seminoles%fought%the%US%government%but%were%eventually%all%relocated o It%was%declared%that%all%Georgia%laws%applied%to%the%Cherokee

o In%1830%gold%was%discovered%on%Cherokee%land

o In%1835%the%Cherokee%gave%up%their%land

o In%1838%17,000%Cherokee%and%2,000%of%their%African%American%slaves%began%their% relocation%along%the%trail%of%tears%to%the%west

o Some%Cherokee%refused%to%relocate%and%were%forced%to%take individual%ownership%of% land

2/3/16

' Elites&became&concerned&about&mobs/&tyranny of&citizens

' Republicans&exercised&the&right&of&the&individual

' Americans&became&more&connected&to&the&rest&of&the&world&through&trade ' Spread&of&more&democratic&political&system

' People&migrated&west&to&land&which&was&being&separated, marked,&and&surveyed ' During&the&1st half&of&the&1800s&the&Market&Revolution occurred

o Kept&Americans&connected,&allowed&trade,&and&shipment of&goods

o Ground&transportation&was&expensive&and&cumbersome

o Sent&things&by&river&on&boats

???? Took&50&days&to&get&goods&from&Cincinnati&to&New&York

' New&technological&advancements&were&made in&the&early&19th century o Roads,&canals,&railroads,&and&telegraphs

o Opened&new&areas&of&the&US&for&settlement

o Lowered&the&cost&of&transportation

o Allowed&goods&and&ideas&to&spread&more&rapidly

' Roads

o 1800'1830&the&state&and&local&governments&started&to&invest&large&amounts&of&money& into&roads

o In&1806&congress&became&involved&by&funding&the&national&road

o Toll&roads&were&attempted&to&be&enforced&but&failed

o Horse&and&buggy&were&the&slowest&most&inefficient&way&to&move&goods ' Water&Transportation

o Robert&Fulton&developed&the&steamship 

???? Called&the&Clermont

???? It&demonstrated&it’s&potential&to&travel&on&the&Hudson river

???? Made&it&possible&for&ships&to&travel&upstream

o In&1825&New&York&completed&work&on&the&Erie&Canal 

???? It&was&financed&by&the&state&of&New&York&in&hopes&of&making&New&York&a&big&trading& center

o In&1837&multiple&states&went&bankrupt&after&attempting&to&build&canals&in&order&to&be& successful&like&New&York

o 3,000&miles&of&canals&existed&in&the&states&at&this&time

' Railroads

o 1828&construction of&the&first&railroad&began

o The&first&long&distance&railroad&in&the&US&went&to&South&Carolina

o By&1860&over&30,000&miles&of&railroad&were&in&use&in&the&US

' Telegraph

o Invented&in&the&1830s&by&Samuel Morse

o Considered&common&by&1840s

o In&the&1860s&15,000&miles&of&telegraph&lines&spanned&the&US

' Population&growth&in&1790'1840

o 5&million&people&settled&west&of&the&Appalachia mountains

o 18&new&states&joined&the&US&as&a&result&of&this

' The&Cotton&Kingdom&developed

2/3/16

o Caused&new&international&slave trade

' Americans&began&to&bleed&into&Florida&terriroty

o Florida&became&part&of&the&US&when&squatters&took&over&the&settlement&of&Baton&Rouge o In&1818&Andrew&Jackson invaded&Florida

o In&1819&the&Spanish&sold&Florida&to&the&US

' By&1860&80%&of&southerners&were&farmers

' Northern&society&became&more&integrated

' The&southern&economy&transformed&into&a&cotton&economy&which&mostly&traded&with& England

' The&north&transformed&into&an&agricultural&economy&which&traded&mostly&within&the&states ' The&west&sold&dairy&and&fruit&to&neighboring&cities

' American&cities&began&to&grow&rapidly

' In&1820s&12&cities&existed&in&the&US&with&populations&over&5,000

' Factory&system&began&to&develop

o Hired&artisans/craft&people

o Subdivided&work&(such&as&conveyor&belt&systems)&caused&less&skilled&workers&to&be& needed

???? Because&of&this, workers&faced&pay&cuts&and&longer&work&hours

' The&first&American&labor&unions&began&to&form&in&the&1830s

' Textile&production&was&one&of&the&first&to&use&factory&settings

' Industrial&Revolution

' Outwork&system

o Preface&to&factory&setting

o Allowed&additional&income&for&farm&woman

???? A&way&for&them&to&make&extra&income&on&the&side

' In&1809&factories&began&to&create&power&looms

' Lowell,&Massachusetts 

o City&of&textiles

???? Had&more&than&60&textile&factories

o Workers&were&mostly&young&single&women

???? There&families&would&send&them&here&to&work&and&they&would&live&in&dorm&style& housing

o Originally&textile&factories&could&only&exist&by&water

o In&1840&the&steam powered&engine&allowed&them&to&create&textiles&anywhere&on&land ' On&farms&time&was&regulated&by&weather&and&seasons

' In&cities&clocks&began&t&spring&up&and&change&the&way&people&viewed&time ' Americans&began&to&organize&their&lives&around&time&for&the&first&time&ever o Factory&work&was&closely&supervised&so&workers&had&to&be&on&time&and&stay&until&they& were&released

???? Americans&believed&this&violated&their&rights&of&freedom

' In&the&1820s&woman&stayed&in&boarding&houses&while&working&at&factories o These&factories&generally&had&churches&and&lecture&halls&to&convince&young&girls&parents& to&send&their&daughter&to&work

2/3/16

???? This&was&the&first&time&in&American&history&women&left&their&homes&and&became&part& of&the&economic&sphere

o Most&mill&girls&returned&home&after&a&few&years

???? They&would&get&married&or&move&after&returning&home

' Cult&of&Domesticity

o Middle&class&white&woman&saw&their&work&at&home&to&be&devalued once&young&girls& began&to&join&the&factory&work&force

o Under&the&Cult&of&Domesticity&woman&were&viewed&as&delicate&people&who&should&care& for&their&homes&and&stay&there

o Began&to&view&that&woman&were&nurtures&and&home&caretakers

' The&rate&of&childbirth&in&the&19th century&decreased

o Woman&chose&to&have&fewer&children

o In&cities&there&was&less&of&a&need&for&more&kids&to&do&farm&work

o The&idea&was to&have&fewer&children&and&focus&all&of&your&energy&on&the few ' During&this&time&period&freedom&for&men&and&woman was&based&on&filling&different roles ' Men&moved&freely&between&public&and&private&spheres

' Woman&were&taught&to&maintain&the&private&sphere&for&men

' Woman&were&not&allowed to&sign&contracts&in&their&own&name

' By&the&1830s&Europeans&saw&the&US&as&materialistic, energetic,&and&as&having&citizens&who& were&not&tied&down&to&the&land&in&which&they&lived

' The&Second&Great&Awakening 

o By&the&1840s&more&than&one&million&people&were&part&of&the&Methodist church o At&this&time&there&were&more&than&50,000&ministers&in&the&US

o Preachers&emphasized that&salvation&was&an&individual&choice

o Preachers&of&the&Market&Revolution&preached&industry,&sobriety,&and&self&control o The&Burned&Over&District&(around&Erie&Canal

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here